While the GN had at first declined purchasing 2-6-6-2s, it did an
about-face and took delivery of five in 1906 built by the Burnham,
Williams & Company. Seeing what the B&O had accomplished with
its 0-6-6-0 Mallet, the railroad further improved upon the design by
adding a foreword pilot truck for better stability and a rear truck to
help support the weight of the firebox. Overall, GN was rather
satisfied with its first 2-6-6-2s. The steam locomotives could produce
64,200 pounds of tractive effort and the railroad eventually owned ten
of this first batch numbered 1800-1804 and 1900-1904, listed as Class
L-1. During the opening decade of the 20th century superheating had
been tested on various railroads and once the benefits of the design
could be plainly seen it became a standard addition to stem locomotives
A superheater works through a series of coils containing freshly created
steam that pass through flue gasses to increase the temperature of the
steam and make it more powerful. Once steam has passed through these
superheater coils, it adds 25 to 30 percent more power to a locomotive.
While the 2-6-6-2 wheel arrangement was widely regarded among main line
railroads for use in heavy drag service it also was popular with lumber
companies to move logs up and down the notoriously steep grades used in
such applications. However, logging companies always used much smaller
examples such as tender or tank designs which more easily negotiate the
tight curves and light-weight track found with these operations.
The 2-6-6-2Ts could only be found in the west and were used by companies including the Booth-Kelly Lumber Company (Oregon), Caspar South Fork & Eastern (California), Hammond Lumber Company (Oregon), Proposed Biles-Coleman Lumber Company (Washington), Southwest Forest Lumber Mills (New Mexico), Uintah Railway (Colorado/Utah), and Weyerhaeuser Timber (Washington). Most of these Mallets were built either around 1910 or, surprisingly, as late as the 1928-1929 time period. As mentioned above the main line 2-6-6-2s were primarily meant for slow, drag service with speeds topping out between 25 to 30 mph. Interestingly, though, the Santa Fe originally designed its Mallets of the wheel arrangement for use in passenger service. Its first class was built by its own shop forces and designed from 2-6-2 Prairies, thus the locomotives became known as Prairie Mallets on the railroad. However, all future 2-6-6-2s the company rostered were built by Baldwin and overall it owned 64 units. As early as 1909 experimentation began with the more powerful 2-8-8-2 Mallet.
Naturally, with two extra axles and four drivers making contact
with the rails, the locomotive could produce far more tractive effort
than its early counterpart. This resulted in 2-6-6-2s being bumped from
primary roles and into secondary freight service. Only the C&O
continued to purchase the wheel arrangement after 1920. In total, there
were roughly 1,300 2-6-6-2s built across the United States. Today, two of these locomotives is still in use; former Weyerhaeuser 2-6-6-2T #110
hauling excursions on the Black Hills Central Railroad in Hill City,
South Dakota and Clover
Valley 2-6-6-2T #4 at the Niles Canyon Railway in Sunol, California. Additionally, US Plywood 2-6-6-2 #11 at the Northwest Railway Museum in Snoqualmie,
Washington is currently under restoration.
To learn more about the 2-6-6-2 steam locomotive check out this Trains article
discussing the history of the wheel arrangement.
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