When Amtrak first began operations on May 1, 1971 it had to sift out a
useful, and relatively efficient, network from the hundreds of former
trains operated by the private industry one of which would become the Blue Ridge. In the east this was particularly difficult with several large cities very close together. However, the carrier worked
with a tight budget and thus had to choose only those connections it
thought would produce the highest ridership. Interestingly, in the
early 1970s it began testing several trains between Baltimore/Washington, D.C. and Cincinnati along a lightly populated corridor through western Maryland, northern West Virginia, and southern Ohio. The Blue Ridge
operated on the eastern section of this route along the former
Baltimore & Ohio main line. It was meant as more of a regional
commuter train connecting the metropolitan area with the major B&O
terminal at Cumberland, Maryland.
Train #702, Amtrak's "Blue Ridge," is seen here at Gaithersburg, Maryland led by F40PH #269 on June 29, 1978.
The earliest Amtrak train to serve West Virginia was named after the state, the West Virginian. It began service in September, 1971 just a little over four months after the carrier began and connected Washington,
D.C. and Parkersburg. This routing was somewhat surprising for a
number of reasons; first, the B&O had operated more than one train
with a similar schedule (such its version of the West Virginian and the Cincinnatian),
and second, the western terminus of Parkersburg carried a population of
barely 30,000 not to mention no connecting services to other trains.
Of course, the train did have a bit of backing from powerful West
Virginian congressman Harley Staggers who did not want to see his state
left out from having Amtrak service (he would also help push to see a
southern train serving the state as well, which became today's Cardinal).
Amtrak's train #351 boards passengers at the beautiful depot in Niles, Michigan on July 23, 1987. This building was constructed by the Michigan Central and still survives today as an Amtrak stop.
It was not long before Amtrak began to realize what the B&O had known for years, this lightly populated corridor simply could not produce high ridership. After less than a year of service the train received new equipment in the way of Amtrak's UAC TurboTrain and renamed as the Potomac Turbo. The TurboTrain was designed as a high speed trainset in the 1960s by the United Aircraft Corporation as the latest in streamliner technology to lure the public back to the rails. It had tilting capabilities to lean into curves thus improving passenger comfort, operating stability, and maintenance wear. While the trainset had design flaws that were never able to be corrected many found it curious that Amtrak chose to utilize the TurboTrain on a routing that would place strict limitations on its operating speeds because of the stiff grades and sharp curves found across the Mountain State.
The train was later renamed as the Potomac Special but Amtrak eventually pulled it from the schedule
on April 29, 1973 citing low ridership and continued mechanical issues
with the trainset. For those able to witness such a futuristic
streamliner zipping across West Virginia's mountains and foothills it
certainly must have been a sight to behold (bringing back memories of
the B&O's beautifully streamlined Cincinnatian). Somewhat
surprisingly, this was not the end of the carrier's attempt to retain
service on the route. Just a few weeks later on May 7, 1973 the
regional Blue Ridge was inaugurated, running between Baltimore/Washington and Cumberland. Accommodations were minimal, with just coaches provided and sometimes Chessie System GP9s or larger Geeps used for power.
On October 31, 1976 Amtrak launched the Shenandoah, an extended version of the Potomac Special that reached Cincinnati. When this occurred the carrier cut back the Blue Ridge
to Martinsburg, West Virginia, essentially a suburb of D.C. The
corridor was only 74 miles in length and the trip lasted just over 1
hour and 30 minutes. However, while it may seem like another mistake
the train actually did quite well as a commuter run. With five stops
west of the metropolitan region that were essentially suburbs many folks
found the train convenient to ride into and out of the city instead of
driving or taking the bus. When Chessie power was used a classic
location for photographers to snap photos of the Blue Ridge was
at the B&O's Point of Rocks, Maryland depot which sat at the
junction of two main lines; the current, later line veers veers
southeastward to D.C. while the older route travels eastward towards
Baltimore, the "Old Main Line".
A pair of Amtrak F40PHs has the "Crescent" at Alexandria, Virginia on September 12, 1989.
Unfortunately, Amtrak again simply had no luck running a train between Washington/Baltimore and Cincinnati. It cited the Shenandoah
as its least popular train and when budget cuts during the late 1970s
forced the company to cut back its network it wasted no time in
discontinuing the train. Its last run occurred on September 30, 1981
and the route eastward from Cumberland was taken over by the Capitol Limited
(which operated the B&O's old Chicago main line to Pittsburgh and
on to the Windy City). Interestingly, the national carrier continued to
host the Blue Ridge for another five years before finally
transferring the train over to the Maryland Mass Transit Administration,
today known as the Maryland Transit Administration. Under the MTA,
which operates commuter railroad MARC Train the route is still served as
its Brunswick Line and sees surprisingly high ridership.