While the City of Miami may have officially been a train owned by
the Illinois Central it took no less than four total railroads for it
to reach its intended destination including (along with the IC) the
Central of Georgia, Atlantic Coast Line, and Florida East Coast (later
the Seaboard Air Line). The Miami was one of the first
streamliners to serve the Florida-to-Midwest market as it was one of the
few to be inaugurated prior to the World War II conflict. In terms of
appearance the train rival any of the famed southern streamliners like
the Silver Meteor and Champion
featuring a beautifully striking livery of tropical colors and interior
decor. If travelers from the Northeast regularly tapped the Meteor and Champion for their winter getaways than Midwestern folks called upon the Miami for sunshine and warmer weather.
In some ways it can be strongly argued that no other streamliner defined the South like the Miami. The train was such a radical departure even for most other streamliners introduced up to that point that it was nearly in a class all by itself. The overall layout and presentation of the Miami was not the result of a famed industrial designer
like Raymond Loewy, Otto Kuhler, or Henry Dreyfuss but rather the
Electro-Motive Division and Pullman Standard. This may be somewhat
surprising but EMD was actually an innovator in the railroad field as it
was responsible for numerous now-classic liveries and the City of Miami was no different, as it was primarily responsible for the train's paint scheme while Pullman designed the car layouts and overall interior.
The train's livery was something to behold. EMD came up with a
design that used bright yellow-orange paint juxtaposed against dark
green for the roof as well as the skirting. However, the green was a
not a solid stripe along the bottom of the train as it came up to form a
wave near the cab of the locomotive (which in this case was the
manufacturer's new streamlined E6 passenger diesel) and flowed across
the nose bowing downward and meeting near the bottom while the top
featured the bright yellow-orange. For trim EMD used a stark red paint
that very much stood out against the other two colors with "Illinois
Central" adorning the front of the nose along with the railroad's
diamond logo. The purpose of the livery was certainly to catch your eye
but it was also meant to invoke the train's southern appeal and charm.
For the interior Pullman stuck quite closely to the beachy, southern theme of the seven-car train, with each car named specifically for the region in which it served. For instance, the car's included (per the layout of the train) the baggage-dormitory-coach Bougainvillea, coach Camellia, coach Japonica, diner Palm Garden, coach Hibiscus, coach Poinsettia, and tavern-lounge-observation Bamboo Grove.
Pullman spent a great deal of effort recreating the Florida experience
for passengers on their way to the warm, sunny southern climate as in
many ways patrons had to feel like they were already at the beach as
soon as the stepped aboard the train in Chicago given the interior
According to Bob Johnston, Joe Welsh, and Mike Schafer's The Art of the Streamliner, each car of the Miami
featured different colors of blue, coral, green, tan, copper, and
yellow to play on the various themes of the tropics. Native woods were
also used for the interior including bamboo and zebra wood. Other
tropical motifs included the use of coconut shells, coral leather for
the upholstery, a map of the route featuring the Florida coast, various
photos of the beach, and even a fake palm tree! The Miami
debuted to the public on on December 18, 1940 and was even christened
using water directly from the Biscayne Bay of Florida. Overall, the
train could seat 254 passengers and operated on a 30 hour schedule
departing Chicago at 8:40 A.M. and arriving the following day at 2:50
P.M. carrying an average speed greater than 50 mph over the 1,493 miles
traveled. To read much more about the train please click here.
Bedecked in all matching colors, the southbound City of Miami departs Chicago led by E9A #4036 on a cold March day in 1964.
Unfortunately, this original version of the Miami
lasted only about six years when it was replaced with chocolate and orange in 1946. In 1950 the Illinois Central purchased
new equipment, upgrading the Miami. While the IC's now-famous livery was also handsome in its own right, the splashy
tropical paint of the original train was something never repeated in the industry. After
1963 the Miami was no longer operated over the Florida East Coast
after the railroad experienced a severe strike. Instead, it was
reroute via the Seaboard Air Line between Jacksonville and Miami.
For the Miami
it remained a popular train nearly through the end when Amtrak took
over intercity passenger rail services on May 1, 1971. Much of its
success, as with the ACL and SAL trains was due to the market and region
in which served; folks are always looking to get away from the harsh
winter weather on an annual basis. Unfortunately, Amtrak elected not to keep the train and canceled it in favor of the South Wind.