The New York, New Haven, & Hartford Railroad, which is commonly
referred to as simply the New Haven, is often not widely thought of for
operating streamliners. However, in the mid-1930s it did purchase a
novel articulated trainset that made headlines, was reasonably
successful, very fast, and quite reliable; the Comet. This
little train was the product of the Goodyear-Zeppelin Corporation, a
joint United States-German venture. Had the idea been planned just a few years later it almost assuredly would never have
happened given the conflict between the two nations that began in late
1941. Interestingly, the success of the train ultimately lead it to
being bumped from main line service. With the New Haven having money
difficulties at the time and the articulated trainset not setup to have
extra equipment added to it without greater expense it was eventually
scrapped in the early 1950s.
With the resounding successes of both the Burlington's Pioneer Zephyr and Union Pacific's M-10000
of 1934 the New Haven Railroad decided that it too would test the
streamliner waters and have its own trainset built. Unsure of who to
turn to the company eventually chose the Goodyear-Zeppelin Corporation.
While the name sounds strange, Goodyear-Zeppelin was looking to make a
splash in the railroad business after the airship industry took a major public relations hit with the crash of the U.S. Navy's Akron
in 1933. Despite the fact that the company had never built any type of
railroad equipment their first, and only, streamliner proved to be
quite successful and reliable.
The Comet would never have became a reality, however, if it were not for the federal government, which through the Public Works Administration floated the New Haven a loan to purchase the streamliner in 1934. By June, 1935 the train was ready for service and was an attractive design for a company that had never built such equipment before. Overall, the trainset was quite similar to the original Zephyr and M-10000; a three-car articulated trainset with a shovel nose very similar to the Zephyr. The train was much lighter than the its two more well known counterparts at just 126 tons. It employed just four trucks and was constructed of lightweight aluminum as the M-10000.
Goodyear-Zeppelin gave the train a flashy deep blue, silver,
and white livery which was suited to its top speed of 95 mph. For power
the train utilized a Westinghouse-built diesel engine in each power car located at each end of the train (this negated the need to turn the train, saving time among other things). Each prime mover was capable of producing 400 horsepower although only one was operating while the train was in service. When the Comet
entered service it operated along the New Haven's main line between
Providence and Boston, able to complete the 43-mile journey in just 45
minutes and its low profile and small size made it ideal for the
railroad's circuitous route.
Overall, the train could accommodate 160 passengers (rather surprising for such a small thing) and while it offered comforts like air-conditioning and indirect lighting no other on board amenities were available such as a parlor or diner (basically it was an all-coach affair). Still, the train was the first of its kind to operate in the Northeast and drew very large crowds. The New Haven spent a great deal of money promoting the train (such as ornate and colorful foldout pamphlets), mostly in the local region and not nationally as had the Burlington and Union Pacific done with their new streamliners. Unfortunately, the train became so successful that the NYNH&H was forced to pull the train from its original routing.
To make matters worse the railroad did not have any available funds to build or order any new trainsets (it would almost surely had done so if the company was not extremely strapped financially due to the ongoing depression). As it where, in 1943 the trainset was shifted to local service where it was not nearly as successful. By that point the Goodyear-Zeppelin Corporation had already been disbanded in 1941 due to the World War II conflict and in September, 1951 the New Haven finally pulled the Comet from service permanently. In those days the idea of preserving noted equipment for historical purposes was hardly an afterthought and the New Haven quickly scrapped the trainset after its retirement. For more reading about the trainset please click here.
If you might be interested in a book covering the history of New Haven's streamlined trains then you might be interested in New Haven Railroad's Streamline Passenger Fleet, 1934-1953 by author Geoffrey H. Doughty. The title does a superb job
covering the history of the railroad's early non-steam powered
passenger trains from the mid-1930s until the early 1950s and after
World War II. Overall, the book is 160 pages in length and produced by
TLC Publishing. If you're interested in perhaps purchasing the book
please visit the link below which will take you to ordering information