The Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad (reporting marks, CVSR), located in Peninsula, Ohio is a tourist railroad which travels over 20 miles through the state’s beautiful Cuyahoga Valley National Park roughly connecting the park with Canton to the south. The line was originally a Baltimore & Ohio route that would have surely been abandoned had it not been converted into a private tourist railroad. The CVSR has been in operation for nearly 40 years now and has steadily grown since that time. In some ways it is rather interesting that a railroad still exist in such a pristine location within a national park and near the large population areas of Cleveland and Akron. Today, the railroad is not only famous for the passing scenery afforded along its route but also is well known for its large fleet of historic Alco (American Locomotive Company) diesel locomotives.
The Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad dates back to 1972 when the railroad began operating excursion trains on what was then track owned by the Chessie System. Prior to the Chessie System the line was owned by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, before that the Cleveland Terminal & Valley Railroad (which was purchased by the B&O), and originally built by the Valley Railway in 1880 to serve farmers and local towns and communities, along with hauling coal to nearby Akron and Cleveland. As traffic began drying up on the line the Chessie System saw less and less of a need for the route and leased it to the CVSR, eventually outright selling the line to the railroad and the National Park Service in 1985.
As for the Baltimore & Ohio, the route became one of two the railroad owned reaching Cleveland, with both lines diverging away from its Chicago-Pittsburgh-Baltimore main line. Unfortunately for the B&O, because the route always carried a secondary status and the railroad did not directly serve Cleveland as did other lines like the New York Central and Nickel Plate Road it never held a large presence in the city (and likewise never attracted much of its freight and passenger traffic).