The railroad came to realize that, at least for a time, Ellicott's Mills
would be the western edge of its system and as such constructed the
Oliver Viaduct directly on approach to the depot. This ingenious little
idea allowed crews to service the steam locomotives from below, essentially making it an early service pit now common in modern railroad maintenance
facilities. Overall, the depot featured a simple gabled roof with a
small central cupola. The overhang it featured covering the boardwalk
is what really set it apart and was a design that most future small depots would use, allowing passengers to remain dry even while outside in poor weather.
The depot's freight importance was mostly during its early years when a local granite quarry, known as Ellicott's quarries, supplied the B&O with a substantial amount of tonnage while in use (the granite also helped build the depot as well as the later turntable). Aside from the quarry service, the B&O only saw freight from nearby farms and locals.
Overall, however, as for Ellicott City Station itself its importance would never really transcend further than its significance as our country's oldest railroad depot (which was originally built in 1830). Ellicott City's magnitude for the railroad, at least in terms of a passenger hub, would quickly dwindle following the 20th century and by 1949 trains stopped serving the depot altogether. By the early 1970s the B&O itself, by then part of the Chessie System (the C&O, B&O, and WM united under one flag), would discontinue use at the station. Fortunately, however, the building's future had already been secured when a few years prior to that in the late 1960s it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.
would take, however, until the mid-1990s before the town would gain
ownership of the station when at that time CSX Transportation, the
successor to the B&O and Chessie System, deeded the building over to
Ellicott City. Today, the
Ellicott City Station is part of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum and known as the
Ellicott City Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum. Along with touring
the building, learning about its history, and seeing the items on
display the museum also houses a large model layout and has a number of
events and programs ongoing throughout the year to take advantage of. To learn more about the depot please click here to visit its official website.
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Stations And Depots
Ellicott City Depot