The appearance of the fleet's trains were thanks in large part to industrial designer
Raymond Loewy. The railroad would tap Loewy for numerous design
enhancements throughout the streamliner era that included things like
the above mentioned GG1 and steam locomotives including the Duplex
Drives. Of course, he was always best known for his streamliner work and he did a marvelous job
with the Pennsylvania's trains. For the exterior Loewy featured a soft
red known as Tuscon, somewhat resembling red clay. He coupled with
this a gold trim with likewise lettering that gave the cars
a stunning elegance. When the Pennsylvania Railroad later purchased
diesel locomotives in the late 1940s, "Cat Whisker" pinstripes added to
them made for a breathtaking train.
From an interior standpoint Loewy
stuck with the overall soft theme going with blues and yellows. In
general, Pennsy's fleet of streamliners were a significant contrast to
the New York Central's dark aurora of exterior greys and similarly
"hard" interior colors. After the fleet debuted the PRR soon added to fleet. On July 28, 1939 the railroad debuted the new Trail Blazer, an all-coach streamliner serving New York and Chicago. Then, on April 27, 1941 the new Jeffersonian was introduced between New York and St. Louis, another all-coach affair. These trains utilized older heavyweight cars that had been rebuilt to streamliner status. Additionally, the PRR rebuilt even more older cars to completely reequip its original fleet to full streamliner status.
Other trains that became part of the fleet included the Red Arrow, Cincinnati Limited, Pennsylvania Limited, Pittsburgher, and the Manhattan Limited. Around 1947 the Pennsy began purchasing new diesel locomotives
from the American Locomotive Company (PA), Baldwin (DR-6-4-2000),
Fairbanks Morse (Erie Builts), and Electro-Motive Division (E7s and E8s)
as new power for its trains. It was also around this time and through
the early 1950s that the railroad purchased all new lightweight
equipment from Pullman Standard to upgrade all of its premier runs with
better cars. Unfortunately, by this time public interest in rail travel
was on the decline and had accelerated to such a pace that by 1950 the Trail Blazer was combined with the General and in 1957 the Liberty Limited was dropped altogether.
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|With E8A #5766 on point the PRR's combined Manhattan Limited and Golden Triangle depart Englewood Union Station in Chicago on April 21, 1965.|
Throughout the 1960s consolidations and cancellations continued until by the Penn Central merger only the Manhattan Limited, Spirit of St. Louis, Pennsylvania Limited, and the flagship Broadway Limited remained on the timetable. Following the era just after World War II the PRR boasted nearly sixty schedules of its so-called "Blue Ribbon Fleet," or those trains that were considered its preeminent services, ranging from the General to the Akronite. After the startup of Amtrak on May 1, 1971 only the Spirit of St. Louis and Broadway Limited remained. In July of that year the Spirit was cancelled while the Broadway survived with Amtrak until 1995.
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