Andrews' raiders had their own problems to deal with, however. The team was neither large enough nor had adequate time to inflict serious damage as intended on their northward journey. In most cases they were no more than 10 or 15 minutes ahead of their pursuers, which only gave them time to cut telegraph wires and either rip up a rail or lay ties across the tracks. Andrews hoped to be able to take the General all of the way to Chattanooga and aid Major General Ormsby M. Mitchel whose army was marching south through Tennessee and hoped to capture the city. Unfortunately, the raiders were too slow and ran out of time. Forces in Chattanooga under General Beauregard were able to learn of Mitchel's intentions and eventually got word from Fuller of Andrews' attempts.
At 116.3 (just 18 miles south of Chattanooga) the General ran out of fuel and water. With forces closing from north and south the raiders abandoned the locomotive and most were captured a few weeks later; some escaped, others were released, and a few (including Andrews) were hung as spies. Following the Great Locomotive Chase the General ran into more trouble during the war; it was nearly destroyed in Atlanta during August of 1864 when General John Bell Hood attempted to destroy as much equipment as possible to render it useless to approaching Union forces under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman. Despite being severely damaged the locomotive survived the incident and was stored, unused and mostly untouched by the United States Military Railroad Service.
Here the 4-4-0 sat until the war ended, when it was restored and put back into service on the Western & Atlantic. During the 1870s the General was rebuilt with a new boiler, had its balloon stack replaced with a diamond version, and was redesigned to burn coal over wood among other updates. These changes gave the locomotive an entirely different look from its appearance during the chase. During the late 19th century the 4-4-0 was leased out to the Atlanta & Florida Railroad before finally being retired in 1891. By that date the W&A was now under the control of the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway (NC&StL) which recognized the significance of the General and wished to have it restored for the World's Columbian Exposition (World's Fair) in Chicago during 1893. Following this stint the steamer was again retired in 1901 and placed on display at the Chattanooga Union Depot.
Here the locomotive sat for more than a half-century although it was occasionally shown at various exhibitions and fairs. In 1959 the Louisville & Nashville (which controlled the NC&StL since the 1880s) wished to restore the General back into operation for the Civil War Centennial and again the locomotive received updated components including a conversion to burn oil as well as updated air brakes. It was around this time that battle over the steamer ensued between Chattanooga, the state of Georgia, and even New Jersey where it was originally built. The most intense fight, however, was between Chattanooga and Georgia that eventually wound up in the U.S. Supreme Court which ruled that, as owner, the L&N had final say on the locomotive's disposition. During February of 1972 the railroad formally donated the General to the state. It sat on display in Kennesaw for a few months before being a prime attraction at the Big Shanty Museum that opened on April 12, now known as the Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History. To learn more about the General's current disposition at the museum please click here.
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