Once upon a time keeping the mail moving and delivered on time meant that it traveled much of its journey via the railroads, and this was the job of the Railway Post Office (also known simply as the RPO). The RPO was essentially a moving post office
and the clerks on board had to undergo rigorous training to make sure
they could handle the blitzkreig of work involved. Once the government
contracted mail movements exclusively to the railroads soon after they
became an efficient and recognized mode of transportation in the early
part of the 19th century a new car was born to handle the work, the RPO.
|Rock Island E8A #648 has a very short "Quad Cities Rocket" leaving Chicago's LaSalle Street Station on May 30, 1971 as it totes a mail car within the consist.|
As the name implies, combine cars were two types of became a somewhat
standard part of a passenger train's consist early in the railroad
industry's history. The most common type of combine was usually the
coach-baggage although there were other types as well. The car typically
saw service service on small, unnamed trains and/or on light branch
lines which were lightly populated and not heavily traveled,
particularly in the latter years of passenger rail travel
when patronage was in severe decline. Today, the combine has mostly
been relegated to the history books as Amtrak stopped using the car years ago.
Head-end equipment became virtually meaningless to railroads with the loss of the loss of the highly profitably expedited mail and parcel freight in the 1960s when the REA went bankrupt and the government canceled its mail by rail contracts. With express and mail
freight gone by the time Amtrak was created in May of 1971 head-end
equipment after that point became little more than the profitless baggage car, which over the years has become even less important with newer car designs able to store baggage and luggage directly. However, occasionally Amtrak still moves express freight by rail and just as in the "Golden Age" of passenger rail travel it is considered head-end equipment and positioned directly behind the locomotive(s).
|Amtrak's "Lone Star" takes on mail in Houston, Texas during July of 1978.|
For more reading about head-end equipment the book American Passenger Train Equipment: 1940s-1980s by author Patrick Dorin provides a very nice general history of classic car types used in service (predominantly during the streamlined era) featuring many drawings and detailed information on several. Also, the book The Cars of Pullman from author Joe Welsh, Bill Howes, and Kevin Holland. As the title implies the book details and highlights the various types of cars Pullman built throughout the years, along with giving a general history of the company in the process. If you are interested in Pullman and the equipment it manufactured you will very much enjoy The Cars of Pullman.