During the first half of the 20th century in particular the Southern Pacific railroad was a legend within its home
state, particularly for the top-level services it offered the public
with its passenger trains. The company was a top choice of Hollywood's
elite with trains like the Sunset Limited, Daylights, Golden State, Argonaut, and numerous others. Another of these was the Lark,
a train initiated by the SP in the early 1940s to accommodate business
travelers or others wishing to travel between Los Angeles and Oakland,
and arriving for the early morning. It was an all-Pullman affair and
just like its other famous trains provided a high level of service that
its travelers had come to expect. The train remained a successful
run for many years but the onset of jetliners and new interstates
eventually caused the train's downfall and by the late 1960s the
Southern Pacific had discontinued the train. For much more information about the SP's passenger services, such as timetables, brochures, and historic advertisements please click here.
The Southern Pacific's final northbound Lark is seen here boarding passengers at Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal on the night of April 7, 1968. Led by SDP45 #3206 it will soon head for San Francisco and enter the realm of history. The author notes that the railroad referred to the train as 'The Bird That Couldn't Fly' and after it lost its U.S. mail contracts it was doomed.
In late March, 1937 the Espee unveiled its first streamliner, the wildly popular Daylight
between Los Angeles and San Francisco. The folks of California were
completely enamored by the new train, which spared no expense in
offering the public a world-class streamliner and because of this it
quickly became a favorite amongst the state's elite despite the fact
that it was only a regional dayliner that completed a run in just 10
hours. The train would spawn an entire fleet of Daylights with names like the Shasta Daylight, Sacramento Daylight, and San Joaquin Daylight.
Another reason for the trains' success was its paint scheme, designed
by SP's own Charles Eggleston's who came up with a legendary blend of
red, orange, and black which was perfectly suited for the environment in
which they operated.
With the success of these trains the Southern Pacific felt
that they needed an overnight version to complement the others. So, in
May, 1940 the railroad went back to Pullman-Standard for more cars, which helped unveil more Daylights as well as the new streamlined Lark.
The train was just as elaborate as its daytime counterparts offering
high-class services as an all-Pullman and nearly all-sleeper overnight
run up and down the Coast Line between L.A. and San Francisco. Of the
original 18-car consist all but five of the cars were sleepers. Two of these cars were head end equipment and included a modernized heavyweight baggage and baggage-RPO (Railway Post Office).
The other "three" included a unique semi-articulated set that was used
as a lounging area for passengers when not sleeping or in their room.
Train #76, the southbound "Lark," is led by an A-B-B set of E7s with #6002 on point taken some time in the 1950s as the train passes through Santa Susana Pass near Chatsworth, California.
Specifically, Southern Pacific called this set of cars
a Lark Club diner-tavern-lounge and offered not only incredible
relaxation but also fine dining, the best the railroad and Pullman had
to offer. For power the train featured one of the SP's classic Class GS-4 4-8-4 steam locomotives adorned in the railroad's noted Daylight livery. However, the cars
were somewhat different. In a creative twist the Espee painted the
equipment a two-tone grey (similar to the New York Central's "Great
Steel Fleet" livery) with white pinstriping to denote it as an overnight
run. Officially, the Lark hit the rails on July 1910, 1941
departing San Francisco's Third Street Station at 9 P.M. and arriving at
Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal (LAUPT) by 8:30 A.M. the following
morning, perfect for anyone on a business trip that had to be at either
city at that time of day.
In total the train could handle 228 patrons and because of the corridor it served was typically always full. The train
carried the unique status of being the only all-Pullman, all-bedroom
streamliner to operate entirely in one state. Of course, as
aforementioned it was capable of doing so successfully due to the region
it served. Despite this, however, the train fell on tough times not
long after World War II had ended. During this time ridership was
relatively good but SP offered so many different Daylight
services up and down California that there simply was not enough
ridership to support them all. For instance, in the early 1940s the Noon Daylight was discontinued due to the fact that it ran along the same corridor as the Morning Daylight at roughly the same time of day.
In this night scene Southern Pacific FP7 #6460 leads the southbound Lark as the train makes a stop at San Jose's Cahill Street Station during March of 1967. In these final years the Espee became increasingly fed up with passenger services.
In 1957 the Lark lost its all-Pullman status when it was combined with the Starlight,
which operated the same overnight corridor but as an all-coach affair.
Reductions for the train continued through the 1960s as the train
became smaller and smaller. To make matters worse, during this time the
Southern Pacific had lost virtually all interest in passenger
operations, a stark contrast to just 20 or so years earlier when it was
one of the pioneering companies for streamliner service. Finally, the
railroad pulled the plug on the train in 1968 as it made its final run
in April of that year. During this final days a
typical consist of the train included a single sleeper, a snack car, two
reclining seat coaches, and a baggage; a far cry from when it debuted