Harlem Line: This is another former NYC route, one of four which once radiated northward from New York City. The line was originally chartered as the New York & Harlem Rail Road in 1831 and later became part of NYC's Harlem Division where it reached Chatham, New York along the NYC-owned Boston & Albany Railway (which reached Boston). Along with the nearby Putnam Division this line saw heavy commuter use and was electrified with third-rail as far north as White Plains (this electrification is still used by Metro-North). Under Penn Central, created through the merger of the NYC and Pennsylvania, passenger service was discontinued on March 20, 1972 and later segments were abandoned. Since July 9, 2000 Metro-North operates the 82 miles from Grand Central Terminal to Wassaic, the northern end-of-track, serving 38 stations along the way.
New Haven Line: The last route Metro-North operates east of the Hudson this line was originally part of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad (better known as simply the "New Haven"): it serves the old "Shore Line" (New Haven's name for its main line east of New York City) as far as New Haven with branches reaching Waterbury (via Bridgeport), New Canaan (via Stamford), and Danbury (via South Norwalk). It is Metro-North's busiest line seeing well over 100,000 riders daily, serving 47 stations (including branches).
Port Jervis Line: This 95-mile route, operated in conjunction with NJ Transit, is located west of the Hudson River; reaching as far as Port Jervis with 26 stops where it terminates at the restored Hoboken Terminal, an historic railroad station built by the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western (or "Lackawanna" for short). The line was originally built by the New York & Erie Railroad in 1848, a later component of the Erie Railroad, and was part of its main line reaching Buffalo and Chicago (now largely abandoned in the Midwest). The Erie and Lackawanna would merge in 1960 to form the Erie Lackawanna, which continued providing commuter services to Port Jervis until going bankrupt and becoming part of Conrail on April 1, 1976. The service was subsidized from 1973 until Metro-North was created in 1983.
Pascack Valley Line: The other route located west of the Hudson is also operated in conjunction with NJ Transit. It runs roughly 31 miles north of Hoboken Terminal, ending at Spring Valley/Woodbine and serves 18 stations along the way. The line was chartered as the Hackensack & New York Railroad, a later component of the New Jersey & New York Railroad, which was a future subsidiary of Erie.
Diesel Locomotive Roster
|Budd||RDC-1||11, 18-19, 40, 43, 51-56, 60-61, 64-65||1952-1953||Built as NYC and New Haven units.|
|EMD||GP35R||101-107||1966||Built as PRR and Reading GP35's.|
|Brookville||BL14CG (Genset)||401-402||2008||Acquired New.|
|Brookville||BL06 (Genset/Switcher)||405-406||2008||Acquired New.|
|EMD||E8A||497||1951||Built as PRR #5898-A.|
|EMD||FP10||410-413||1946-1947||Built as GM&O F3A's.|
|EMD||GP8||543||1953||Ex-NYC GP7 #5770|
|Alco||RS3M||605||1952||Ex-DL&W RS3 #912|
|EMD||GP9||750||1956||Built as NYC #5936.|
|EMD||GP40FH-2||4184-4189 (Original numbers.)||1987-1990||Custom-built by Morrison-Knudsen from GP40 (Rock Island) and F45 (Burlington Northern) parts, classified as GP40FH-2. Rebuilt by Motive-Power Industries in 2007 as GP40FH-2M.|
|EMD||GP40PH-2||4190 (Original number.||1969||Built as Penn Central #3273.|
|EMD||FL9||5000, 5003, 5005, 5007, 5015, 5017-5019, 5023, 5026-5027, 5031, 5033-5034, 5037-5044, 5049, 5052-5059 (Original numbers.)||1957-1960||Ex-New Haven.|
In total, Metro-North operates about 384-route miles with 124 stations serviced along its system. According to MTA, it is the busiest commuter railroad in the country witnessing more than 70 million riders annually. While there have been proposals for service extensions over the years none have ever occurred except for the Harlem Line in 2000. Potential future projects includes the Metro-North/MTA-own Beacon Line, currently not in use it is located east of the Hudson and would connect all three routes currently in service; additionally, there are proposals to open service into Penn Station via New Rochelle along the New Haven Line running from the Upper East Side of Manhattan while another would route via the Upper West Side, along West 62nd and West 125 Streets reconnecting with the Hudson Line near Riverdale.