Niles was also similar to Jewett in another respect. Both companies
tended to specialize in the building of interurban equipment, much more
so than others which were diversified in either street railways or other
markets altogether such as automobiles
and even airplanes. Finally, perhaps more so than most other
manufacturers, both companies tended to have a following by a various
number of lines. For instance, Jewett's cars could be found in great
numbers on the Pacific Electric Railway and in service on interurbans in
western West Virginia along the Ohio River. Similarly, Niles' cars
were used by the large interurbans Chicago, Aurora & Elgin (the
"Roarin' Elgin"), Northern Electric Railway (Sacramento Northern
Railway), and the great Bamberger Railroad of Utah.
Other locations which Niles' equipment was in service included the Buffalo, Lockport & Rochester; Fort Dodge, Des Moines & Southern; Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light; Northern Ohio Traction & Light; Pacific Northwest Traction; Rock Island Southern; San Francisco, Napa & Calistoga; St. Paul Southern; Toledo, Port Clinton & Lakeside; Washington, Baltimore & Annapolis Electric (another large interurban); Yakima Valley Transportation; and the Youngstown & Ohio River Railroad. Perhaps more than any other builder Niles became almost legendary for the pure elegance of its cars. Those built for the Northern Electric are of particular note and have been widely regarded as some of the most handsome ever built with their arched clerestory windows and slight beveling at the front and rear of the car.
Additionally, most of Niles' designs featured a ever-so-slight decorative trim piece directly under the windows that wrapped around the entire car giving it added beauty. So opulent was the company's cars that it proudly called them "The Electric Pullmans". Most later car designs in the 1920s and onward were simply not as elegant both because steel replaced wood as the primary building material and most lines just could not afforded such added touches. Aside from railroad equipment Niles did diversify a little building such other equipment, notably trucks and truck parts. In any event, the company went under in 1917, even before the interurban and streetcar industries began to truly experience serious financial problems, which did not occur in large numbers until the end of World War I and the early 1920s.
If you might be interested, an excellent book highlighting the
history of the interurbans, including a section detailing car builders,
is The Electric Interurban Railways in America
by authors George Hilton and John Due. Many consider their book to be
the quintessential resource guide to the interurban and streetcar
railroad movement that was once so common in our country during the
first half of the 20th century. At nearly 500 pages the book
is stuffed full of information on trolley operations and covers
virtually every topic on the subject. If you have any interest in
trolleys and interurban railroads and/or would like to learn more about
their history I would strongly consider Mr. Hilton and Mr. Due's book
first before purchasing any other.
Trolleys And Interurbans
Niles Car Company