Jersey's history of trains date back to the the historic Camden & Amboy,
which completed its original main line in 1833 between Bordentown and
Amboy. However, the C&A had a history dating
all of the way back to 1815 when its founder, John Stevens, convinced
the state legislature to pass legislation on February 6th, enabling the construction
of a railroad between Trenton and New Brunswick. The creation of the
New Jersey Railroad Company was the first of its kind in the United
States (established more than 10 years before the Baltimore & Ohio).
However, the original NJRR never made it further than the paper it was
printed on. The Camden & Amboy Railroad was not officially
chartered until February 4, 1830 and after opening its original line in
1833 soon extended its line further to Camden. By 1839 the C&A
opened a route between Bordentown, Trenton and New Brunswick, and
Stevens' original dream of connecting the towns finally became reality.
The C&A's history lasted only until February 1, 1867 upon whcih time it was merged with the new New Jersey Rail Road and Transportation Company to form the United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Companies, a subsidiary of the Pennsylvania Railroad. With the C&A now connecting both Camden and South Amboy, the NJRR reached Philadelphia and New York City. These two railroads, of course, comprised the PRR's primary line between New York and Philly, which became known as its highspeed, four-track Northeast Corridor. Today, the line retains its four-track alignment and is an important artery in Amtrak's network.
In the following years after the C&A began operations the Garden State would be home to fabled railroads like the Pennsylvania Railroad, Erie, Reading, and New Jersey's own, the Central Railroad of New Jersey. Railroads such as the PRR and CNJ would build four-track main lines through New Jersey and, in the case of the CNJ and DL&W, construct colossal terminals across the river from downtown Manhattan such as the Hoboken Terminal (built by the Lackawanna, it is still in active use) and the Jersey City Terminal (built by the CNJ, today a state park).
Today, New Jersey no longer features commuter trains of the PRR and CNJ, and passenger trains like the The Blue Comet (CNJ's premier train) and the Reading's Crusader but several state transit services continue to ferry commuters from suburbia to downtown Manhattan and other urban locations
in the region. These include the ever-busy Northeast Corridor that
sees over 300 daily trains of Amtrak and NJ Transit along with the
latter's extensive commuter operations like the Hudson-Bergen line,
Newark Light Rail line, and the RiverLINE between Trenton and Camden.
PATH (Port Authority of New York) trains also serve Hoboken Terminal and
Newark Penn Station, connecting both with points across the river such
as Lower and Midtown Manhattan.
Class I freight operations in the state are handled exclusively by Conrail Shared Assets, the neutral paper company that jointly serves Norfolk Southern and CSX freight trains (both also own the railroad). New Jersey also includes historic regional (Class II) New York, Susquehanna & Westernand a number of short line including; the Belvidere & Delaware River Railway, Black River & Western Railroad, New York & Greenwood Lake Railway, Cape May Seashore Lines, East Jersey Railroad & Terminal Company, Hainesport Industrial Railroad, New Jersey Rail Carriers, New York New Jersey Rail, Port Jersey Railroad, SMS Rail Service, Raritan Central Railway, Winchester & Western, Morristown & Erie Railway, and the Southern Railroad Company of New Jersey whose logo is inspired from the Jersey Central.
In total New Jersey today is home to just 950 miles of
trackage. During the height of rail operations in this country the
state boasted some 2,350 miles of track and has stunningly lost 60% of
its infrastructure since the 1920s (in comparison, the average
percentage loss among states is about 45%-50%). This can be attributed
to two factors; first, of course, is the decline the industry
experienced during World War II, particularly amongst Northeastern
railroads that resulted in many lines serving New Jersey to be abandoned
or cutback after most were absorbed into Conrail; however,
additionally, the state has never been very rail-friendly since the
1960s and has had no problem in seeing or wanting rail corridors to be
cutup or turned into trails. For a more in-depth look at the state's
rail mileage over the years please have a look at the chart above. If you tire of the commuter
trains, however (which are prolific throughout the state), or are just
looking for something different, New Jersey also feature several
railroad museums and tourist railroads like the New York, Susquehanna
& Western 2-8-2 #142 that operates seasonally and the New Jersey
Museum of Transportation, which owns the famous sunken 1850-era 2-2-2s.
Today, while the CNJ's Jersey City Terminal no longer serves as a
commuter rail station the Lackawanna's Hoboken Terminal is alive and
well, and what's more the historic building is being completely restored
with the ferry slips the final phase yet to be opened at which point
passengers heading across the river to downtown Manhattan can once again
board their ferry directly from these historic slips. While the CNJ's famous four-track main line, Jersey City Terminal
and legendary Newark Bay Bridge either no longer stand or serves in its
original capacity, New Jersey railroads are rich in history and feature
a wide variety of operations that should appeal to whatever interests
you may have from commuter and high-speed rail to freight trains and
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