Pennsylvania's history with trains dates back to the same year that the Baltimore & Ohio was chartered. In 1827 the tiny Mauch Chunk Switchback Gravity Railroad was built to haul local coal at Mauch Chunk (Jim Thorpe). As anyone with a passing interest in railroad history is aware, the state's own railroad became legendary for its size, power, and iconic passenger trains like the Broadway Limited. While Pennsylvania was home to several classic railroads' main lines it also became important for its reserves of anthracite coal with names like the Reading, Lehigh Valley, Jersey Central, and others building hundreds of miles of branch lines to tap these seams.
As such, the state was home to thousands upon thousands of miles of railroad allowing for numerous tourist railroads to pop up during the second-half of the 20th century. Today, Pennsylvania train rides like the historic Strasburg Railroad, Middletown & Hummelstown Railroad, New Hope & Ivyland Railroad, and others all look to preserve the state's history with trains and also offering guests several different excursion options. To learn more about them please read through the information below covering each in more detail (their websites are included).
Bellefonte Historical Railroad
This organization looks to tell the history of railroading in Bellefonte and Centre County, Pennsylvania. They are housed inside the PRR's restored depot and also operate several excursions throughout the year using a collection of equipment on-hand. To learn more please visit their website.
Catawissa Railroad Company
The Catawissa Railroad Company, located in Catawissa, is actually a collection of restored cabooses painted in their original company colors, some of which can be rented overnight. Also be sure to stop by and see the town's preserved depot.
A relatively new tourist railroad, the Colebrookdale Railroad, also known as the Secret Valley Line, began service in 2014 and operates 8.6 miles between Boyertown and Pottstown. The trackage was originally built by the company with the same name and later operated by the Reading Railroad. For more information please visit their website.
East Broad Top Railroad (Out Of Service)
The East Broad Top Railroad historically is known for hauling coal on a line that connected Mt. Union to Woodvale, dating back to its charter in 1856. However, today it survives by hauling passengers and still uses steam locomotives to do so. The railroad is currently out-of-service as the property is in the process of being sold to new owners, which hope to not only restore excursion service but also begin operating freight trains as well. Hopefully, this process will be completed within the next few years.
Electric City Trolley Museum
The Electric City Trolley Museum based in Lackawanna County and looks to preserve the interurban heritage of eastern Pennsylvania. In doing so the museum also operates a section of the Lackawanna & Wyoming Valley “Laurel Line” third-rail interurban right-of-way which begins its operating season each May.
Franklin Institute Science Museum
This large, well-known museum, located in Philadelphia, has a wing dedicated to railroad history including a handful of rolling stock. One particular noted piece is Baldwin 4-10-2 #60000, historically significant as the 60,000th locomotive the company manufactured. It was meant to turn the tide in favor of steam power over diesel, featuring many new technologies at the time but ultimately was unsuccessful in this endeavor.
Greenville Railroad Park & Museum
This museum, located in Greenville, features a collection of rolling stock including Union Railroad 0-10-2 #604, a 1936 product of Baldwin. The museum is open from May through October and admission is free.
Harris Switch Tower Museum
This small museum, located in Harrisburg, is located inside the former PRR interlocking tower built in 1929. The facility is owned and operated by the Harrisburg Chapter of the National Railway Historical Society. Inside you can view historic artifacts and displays as well as see how an interlocking tower once functioned. It is also a good location to watch passing trains!
Horseshoe Curve National Historic Landmark
This famous feat of engineering located near Altoona has been a marvel to witness since it first opened on February 15, 1854. A small museum/train watching located near the base of the shoe first appeared in 1879 and has steadily grown since. To learn more about visiting this location please visit the Railroaders Memorial Museum's website.
Lake Shore Railway Museum
This museum is located inside the restored Lake Shore & Michigan Southern (NYC) depot at North East. The building itself houses several displays while outside the facility is a collection of rolling stock to peruse. The museum is open from April through October.
Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway
The Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway is based in Jim Thorpe, operating trains from the restored former Lehigh Valley railroad station. The train itself is operated by the Reading & Northern, a regional freight railroad, and it covers about 16 miles (roundtrip) following the Lehigh River, operating on trackage once owned by both the LV and Jersey Central.
Ma & Pa Railroad Heritage Village
This attraction is located on 31 acres in York and is home to a collection of historic buildings as well as the role the small, but notable Maryland & Pennsylvania Railroad (the "Ma & Pa") played in the region. They also host short excursion rides. For more information please visit their website.
Middletown & Hummelstown Railroad
The Middletown & Hummelstown Railroad is a freight railroad which connects its namesake cities. Along with freight operations the M&H also offers passenger excursions over 11 miles of its railroad, which runs from May through October. They offer a number of different events with their excursions throughout the year and perhaps best of all is their fully operational former Canadian National 2-6-0 #91!
National Toy Train Museum
This facility is located in Strasburg near the Strasburg Railroad. The museum, open since 1977, features several large, operating train layouts in a variety of scales ranging from HO to S gauge. It is open on select days throughout much of the year. To learn more please visit their website.
New Hope & Ivyland Railroad
The New Hope and Ivyland Railroad is a very popular shortline/excursion carrier located in east-central Pennsylvania. Today the NHRR operates roughly 16.5 miles of railroad with a connection to CSX at Ivyland. While the railroad does have freight operations (which pays the bills!) it is perhaps best known for its steam locomotives and vintage railroad cars, which carry thousands of visitors annually.
Oil Creek & Titusville Railroad
The Oil Creek & Titusville Railroad, based in Titusville, operates on about 14 miles of track normally using a traditional diesel locomotive for power. Along with their standard excursions the OC&T also hosts murder mystery dinner trains throughout the year.
Pennsylvania Trolley Museum
The Pennsylvania Trolley Museum, based in Washington, looks to preserve the history of interurbans in western Pennsylvania. In doing so they operate a short stretch of trackage using vintage trolley cars between May and August, seven days a week.
Pioneer Tunnel Coal Mine & Steam Train
The Pioneer Tunnel Coal Mine & Steam Train, located in Ashland, serves a dual purpose of helping to preserve Pennsylvania's rich mining heritage as well as feel what it was like to ride trains powered by steam as well. The steam trains operate on about a 1-mile section of track using retrofitted mine cars to haul passengers behind an 0-4-0T steam locomotive.
Portage Station Museum
This museum is located inside the Pennsylvania Railroad's restored depot at Portage. It is operated by the Portage Area Historical Society and houses artifacts as well as an operating model layout. The facility is also not far from the Gallitzin Tunnels and Horseshoe Curve.
Railroad Museum Of Pennsylvania
Located in East Strasburg next to the popular Strasburg Railroad the state's official railroad museum features an impressive collection of rolling stock and noted locomotives, housed both indoors and outside. There are also numerous displays and exhibits around the grounds. Most of the pieces relate to the state's rich history with trains. This one is well worth the visit!
Railroaders Memorial Museum
Located in the part of the PRR's expansive repair and maintenance shops, locomotive construction facility, and test department in Altoona. The museum vividly shows how railroads operated years ago and the people who kept them running. The complex is also not far from the fabled Horseshoe Curve located just nearby.
Reading Railroad Heritage Museum
This museum is operated by the Reading Company Technical & Historical Society, which does a fine job keeping alive the memory of the fabled Reading Railroad. It is located in Hamburg and features a collection of displays and rolling stock. They are open most weekends throughout the year.
Rockhill Trolley Museum
The Rockhill Trolley Museum, based in Rockhill Furnace, is the state' oldest such museum which looks to preserve the region's interurban history. In doing so they also operate a short stretch of trackage using one of their many operable trolley cars.
Steamtown National Historic Site
The Steamtown National Historic Site is a railroad museum complex operated by the National Park Service in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Today, they feature a wide collection of historic equipment in their restored roundhouse as well as offer guests short steam and diesel rides on the nearby rail line that runs through Scranton.
The Strasburg Railroad, located in the heart of Pennsylvania’s Amish community in Lancaster, is the country’s oldest railroad still in operation dating back to 1832. The railroad handles both freight and passengers but is also an operating history book featuring historic steam locomotives with restored, period passenger cars (dating to the 1800s). They provide guests everything from dinner train service to an open bar car for adults.
Tioga Central Railroad
The Tioga Central Railroad is one of Pennsylvania's most popular tourist trains operating on trackage which once belonged to the New York Central railroad. Today, excursion trains operate on a section of line, which travels through the beautiful rolling hills of north-central Pennsylvania, owned by the Wellsboro & Corning Railroad, a freight line which also uses the tracks. Along with standard excursions the TCRR also hosts numerous seasonal and special trains during their operating season.
Tunnel Park & Museum
This museum is located near the famed Gallitzin Tunnels, another PRR engineering feat. Aside from the displays to peruse check out the restored PRR Class N5C caboose or simply watching the passing action of Norfolk Southern freight trains. To learn more please visit their website.
Wanamaker, Kempton & Southern Railroad
The Wanamaker, Kempton & Southern Railroad is based in Kempton, in eastern Pennsylvania, operating a unique blend of steam and diesel locomotives. Along with their standard excursions the WK&S also offers chartered trips.
West Chester Railroad
The West Chester Railroad is based in southeastern Pennsylvania and likely due to its close proximity to Philadelphia the excursion train is quite popular. It operates on trackage originally owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad, as remnants of the PRR remain everywhere, including over your head as the line was once electrified and the catenary poles still stand today. The 90-minute train ride offers three stops as historic stations which still stand, restored along the route (Westtown, Cheney, and Glen Mills).
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