The history of the current New York to Pittsburgh corridor can actually
be traced long before Amtrak was ever conceived. With the Pennsylvania
Railroad's main lines to both Chicago and St. Louis operating directly
through the heart of the Keystone State and splitting at Pittsburgh the
company ran numerous named trains between the Steel City, Philadelphia,
and New York such as the flagship Broadway Limited and others like the St. Louisan (New York/Washington - St. Louis), Duquesne (New York - Pittsburgh), and Pittsburgher
just to name a few. The latter two trains, of course, served the Steel
City and by the time Penn Central was created in 1968 the only regional
Keystone Corridor trains remaining included the Duquesne (originally named after Fort Duquesne in Pittsburgh) and Silverliner Service (Philadelphia - Harrisburg).
During the heyday of these trains the Pennsy offered the very finest of services such as full course meals, lounge cars, reclining seat coaches,
and the friendliness staff. Additionally, trains operated at such high
speeds that a run from New York to Pittsburgh required less than eight
hours, which is a far cry from today's nearly 10 hours aboard Amtrak.
As the 1960s progressed, however, these services rapidly declined with
railroads becoming increasingly disinterested in passenger trains which
were dragging down the companies' bottom lines. The public was simply
no longer in love with trains. After the Penn Central merger this
decline only accelerated. After Amtrak began operations on May 1, 1971
the Duquesne was retained briefly. However, with the arrival of
the carrier's first official timetable on November 14, 1971 it was
renamed as the Keystone, trains #42 and #43.
|In this more recent view of the "Pennsylvanian" the train travels westbound through Vandyke, Pennsylvania led by P42DC #202 on October 21, 2006.|
Fortunately, the Keystone survived only a year until June 10,
1972 as Amtrak's budget continued to force the company into scaling back
its services. One way it did this was to cancel the New
York-Pittsburgh market altogether, leaving only the Broadway Limited and Keystone Service (New York-Harrisburg). However, thanks to the state funding support from Pennsylvania the route was reborn and on April 27, 1980 and became known as the Pennsylvanian.
Initially, this train connected only Philadelphia and Pittsburgh with
connecting service to New York available through the now defunct Philadelphian.
It was a daytime-only train with one trip operated in each direction
along the Keystone Corridor with F40PHs usually the preferred power and
Amfleet cars for equipment.
However, during the 1980s a lot of changes occurred as Pennsylvania tried to decide just how much funding it wished to devote towards passenger rail. In 1981 the Fort Pitt was operated in tandem with the Pennsylvanian to serve Pittsburgh-Altoona. However, dismal ridership saw this end just two years later in 1983, which was also due to funding
cuts by the state. In 1984 the state again pushed for more service to
Pittsburgh but Amtrak was not in financial shape to do so. In the
proceeding years a number of changes came to the train
such as extensions to Chicago and Cleveland. However, these were all
temporary. After January 27, 2003 it has remained on a routing
that serves Pittsburgh and New York.
|P42DC #194 leads an Amtrak run through Woodbridge, Virginia on August 2, 2005.|