The St. Marys Railroad has had an interesting history over the years,
especially considering that it has only served two small towns in
southeastern Georgia since it was chartered. The system was
originally known as the St. Marys & Kingsland Railroad and after connecting its namesake cities the StM&K was renamed as the
Atlantic, Waycross & Northern in 1911. The point of this renaming
was in hopes of extending the line to the north and west, notably the
town of Waycross. Unfortunately, funding for this route never materialized enabling its completion. Had it down so the AW&N would have reached
another, larger city and acquired an additional interchange partner with
the Atlantic Coast Line (the railroad already held an interchange with
the Seaboard Air Line at Kingsland).
After the failed extension of the AW&N and the death of its founder, Lemuel Johnson, in 1918 the railroad went through several name changes and ownership. Soon after Johnson's death the short line was sold to the Southern Fertilizer & Chemical Company of Savannah and over twenty years later was sold again to the St. Marys Kraft Corporation, a subsidiary of the Gilman Paper Company, in 1939. Gilman was a local company located near St. Marys and under its ownership the railroad was renamed as the Saint Marys Railroad. While the short line did not really prosper under Gilman it did remain profitable, enabling it to purchase its first diesel locomotive in 1945, a General Electric 65-Tonner #500.
Unfortunately, the future looked bleak for the short line after Gilman
was sold to the Durango Paper Company in December of 1999 following the
death of its founder, Howard Gilman. At this point the company was
capable of producing 2.6 million pounds of paper per day and employed
more than 1,000. Under Durgano's ownership it was hit with
numerous safety violations and by 2002 was bankrupt, which resulted in the plant's closing. Naturally, being the railroad's largest customer it was a
major blow to traffic by losing the paper business. In 1955 the St. Marys Railroad saw its only considerable
expansion when it constructed a 4.5-mile spur about two miles west of
St. Marys along its main line to serve the United States Army
Ammunitions storage terminal at Kings Bay. This allowed the short line
to expand its traffic base from what was essentially just outbound loads
of paper via the Gilman's plant.
St. Marys Railroad All-Time Locomotive Roster
|Alco||RS3||501||3/1951 (Replaced by #503)||1|
|Alco||RS3||502||1/1956 (Replaced by #504)||1|
|EMD||SW1500||503||6/1971 (Sold to Birmingham Southern in 2/07 and numbered BS #355.)||1|
|EMD||MP15DC||504||10/1974 (Sold to Watco in 6/06 and numbered WAMX #1504.)||1|
|EMD||MP15DC||505||5/1976 (Sold to Birmingham Southern 2/07 numbered BS #373.)||1|
|EMD||SW1200RS||506||1/1960 (Ex-CN #1270, Acquired 2/07.)||1|
Today, the railroad is under the ownership of the Boatright Companies, a
multifaceted railroad business which offers rail car servicing,
tie sales, and Hi-Rail equipment among other things. It is my
understanding that St. Marys currently has a traffic base in coal,
pulpwood chips, chemicals, along with the business it provides to the
military base. Additionally, in recent years the railroad began offering excursions, which now run from February through the Christmas holiday season. Currently the railroad’s roster includes only a GE and EMD
switcher, although at point the St. Marys also had Alco RS3s.
Information courtesy of Paul Pleasant.
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St. Marys Railroad