Sand Springs Railway
The Sand Springs Railway (reporting marks, SS) of today is a Class III, shortline that
operates just a short stretch of line between its namesake town and
Tulsa. The company's history dates back as a classic interurban that
was chartered and financed by Charles Page, a oil magnate from Tulsa.
During the time of the Sand Springs' construction the interurban
industry was winding, in terms of growth, as the major building period
was during the first decade of the 20th century. Interestingly, despite
the fact that the interurban was meant to haul passenger traffic (as
most were) it soon found itself hauling more and more freight as several
industries popped up along its property. This revenue sustained the
little line and eventually allowing it to not only abandon passenger
services but also its roots as an interurban. Today, the Sand Springs
continues to haul a variety of traffic and even continues to interchange
with neighboring former interurban Tulsa-Sapulpa Union Railway.
history of the Sand Springs Railway begins on February 6, 1911 when it
was first chartered by Mr. Page. By May of that year his line was
completed from downtown Tulsa with an intent on reaching the newly
developed nearby suburb of Sand Springs, about 10 miles away. Unlike
most interurbans of the time the Sand Springs had a fairly strong financial
backing and because it owned its entire right-of-way was able to
develop a route with easy grades and gentle curves, a prospect that
normally was not the case for other companies who chose free
rights-of-way along public roads (which generally were constructed to
the lay of the land). In truth the Sand Springs was not a true
interurban and operated more like a streetcar line given the close
proximity of the two towns. In any event, at Tulsa it connected with
the Sapulpa & Interurban Railway, which later became the
Tulsa-Sapulpa Union Railway.
Interestingly, in the line's early years it was not even electrified but instead relied on early McKeen Motor Car equipment, which were natural gas-powered. The company was in operation between only 1905 and 1907 and their cars featured a classic carbody which came to a point at the cab and meant to reduce wind resistance. Essentially, the cars
were early an form of the much more successful "Doodlebugs", also a
gas-powered rail car that was used quite extensively a few decades later
by railroads wishing to reduce operating costs on a lightly used branch and secondary lines. There were just two McKeen cars used for power on the line when it first began operations and were soon replaced with conventional interurban cars once caternary was strung a few years later.
It was not long after the Sand Springs Railway opened that it began to
develop a large amount of freight business with, as mentioned before, a
number of industries constructing plants along its route. It is also
interesting that even though the interurban served only Tulsa and the
suburb of Sand Springs it continued to carry a fairly substantial amount
of traffic for many years. Its early wooden cars
were later replaced with secondary equipment from neighbor
Tulsa-Sapulpa Union (then known as the Oklahoma Union Railway) as well
as the Cincinnati, Lawrenceburg & Aurora. Another fascinating point
in the company's history was with the passing of Mr. Page who gave the
interurban away to a local orphan's home in an attempt to help the organization through the income the property generated.
Just after World War II, in 1947 the Sand Springs finally gave up on passenger services altogether and focused exclusively on freight operations, the last in the state of Oklahoma to do so. Until 1955 it still operated electrically when the catenary was pulled down in favor of small EMD switchers. By that time the company's freight operations were so profitable that it was generating $742,000 annually. Fifteen years later the shortline was still operating its 10-mile main line as well as 22 miles of yard and industrial tracks, totaling 32 miles in all (which is still the case today).
Sand Springs Railway Diesel Locomotive Roster
|EMD||SW900||100||1956, Bought New||1|
|EMD||SW900||101||1956, Bought New||1|
|EMD||SW900||102||1956, Bought New||1|
Its connections then, in 1970,
included fellow former interurban Tulsa-Sapulpa Union and Class Is, St.
Louis-San Francisco (Frisco), Santa Fe, Texas & Pacific (Missouri
Pacific), and the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad (Katy).
Today, the Sand Springs Railway operates in much of the same
fashion as it always has, serving local industry along its lines and
interchanging with a handful of railroads. It is currently owned by
Gerdau Ameristeel and continues to operate EMD switchers. Its traffic
base includes steel, pulpboard, paper scrap iron, petroleum products,
plastics and lumber. The railroad does not have a website.
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Sand Springs Railway