If the Buffalo and Pittsburgh Railroad (reporting marks, BPRR) sounds familiar that is because its name is actually derived from the historic company that originally operated most of its lines, the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh. The earliest history of this railroad can be traced back to the 1860s and it eventually grew into a moderate sized system serving western Pennsylvania and New York. It became part of the Baltimore & Ohio in the 1930s and successor Chessie System/CSX decided to shed the property along with other traces of the B&O in 1988 creating the B&P, which instantly became a Class II, regional in the process. Since then the B&P, now a part of the Genesee & Wyoming family, has continued to divest itself of low density lines but today still serves much of its original system as well as additional routes with a wide range of traffic and numerous connections with both Class Is and small shortlines (including other members of the G&W network).
The history of the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Railway began in 1869 as the Rochester & State Line Railroad. Interestingly, over the next twenty years the property was split up and then reunited in 1887 as the BR&P as we know it today. During the course of the railroad's existence it struggled to remain a profitable line. While the company was able to tap some of the coal mines located in western Pennsylvania it had no end-to-end connections (i.e., while it did serve Rochester and Buffalo it did not reach any other city of significant size with Walston, its southern terminus, nearly 100 miles northeast of Pittsburgh). Regardless of its small size the BR&P was able to field a fleet of massive steam locomotives, including 2-8-8-2 Chesapeakes, 2-6-6-2s, and 2-10-0 Decapods.
After the Great Depression hit in 1929 the railroad was hit hard and eventually purchased by the B&O in 1932. To learn more about the history of the BR&P please click here. Under B&O management the property remained relatively unchanged with the railroad using much of the original steam fleet, including the large articulateds. In 1950 the biggest change to the line came with the ending of carfloat operations between Charlotte, New York (near Rochester) and Cobourg, Ontario with the Grand Trunk Railway. As coal mines and traffic in general continued to dry up it was eventually decided by Chessie System/CSX Transportation in 1988 to sell off all lines north of Pittsburgh.
Doing so created the Buffalo And Pittsburgh Railroad, an instant Class II regional that was nearly 400 miles in length, owned by Genesee & Wyoming right from the start. Since its creation the railroad has continued to expand operations and its reach. Thanks to CSX the B&P reaches New Castle, Pennsylvania and Allison Park (just northeast of Pittsburgh) via the Class I's P&W Subdivision. Additionally, the Genesee & Wyoming merged several smaller shortlines it owned into the B&P including the Allegheny & Eastern, Pittsburg & Shawmut, and the Bradford Industrial Railroad. The former two lines in particular increased the railroad's length by providing it access to Erie (via the A&E) and the P&S closed the gap between Brockway and Freeport giving it access to the P&W Subdivision.
At Buffalo not only does the B&P connect to Class Is CSX, Norfolk Southern, Canadian Pacific, Canadian National but also its counterpart the Rochester & Southern Railroad. In general the B&P interchanges with several shortlines across its system including the Western New York & Pennsylvania Railway and Nittany & Bald Eagle Railroad. It should also be noted that although coal traffic today is not nearly as heavy as during the BR&P era the Buffalo and Pittsburgh continues to serve several mines in the Pennsylvania region. Perhaps the railroad's greatest asset today is its diversified traffic base which, according to G&W includes (aside from coal) general aggregates, timber products, ore, minerals, steel, scrap, chemicals, cement, brick, automotive (they are not specific in terms of actual car movements or just parts), food products, and animal feed.
If you might like a good book on the general history of the Baltimore & Ohio consider Baltimore & Ohio Railroad written by Kirk Reynolds and David Oroszi. This book has been out for several years now but remains in print through MBI Publishing. While it's only a little over 100 pages in length the title provides a great look at the B&O with many fine, historic photos several of which are in color. I have this one in my collection and still enjoy thumbing through it even today (it's also been used extensively as a resource for this website). If you're interested in perhaps purchasing this book please visit the link below which will take you to ordering information through Amazon.com.