While the 21st Century Steam Program was launched only in 2011 its history originates with predecessor Southern Railway. Following the second completed restoration of Southern 2-8-2 #4501 in 1966 by the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, the company kicked off its first steam-powered excursions that year. This initial endeavor was thanks in no small part to then-vice president Graham Claytor and general counsel Jim Bistline, both of who were able to convince president Bill Brosnan to create an official steam program within the company. Mr. Brosnan was no fan of the steam locomotive but nonetheless gave the go ahead. In truth, such excursions were already quite common on the Southern, as well as other railroads, during those days sponsored by various railfan groups and historical societies.
The #4501, a Class MS Mikado, began its career in 1911, a product of Baldwin. It operated on the Southern until around 1948 when it was sold to the Kentucky & Tennessee Railway, which retired the unit in 1963. It was then acquired by railfan Paul Merriman, who used his own money to restore the locomotive back to operation in 1964 before it rejoined the Southern in 1966. In 1967 Brosnan became chairman of the railroad and handpicked his successor, Claytor, as president. With a life-long interest in trains Claytor expanded the steam program the very year he became president adding Southern 2-8-0 #722 and 4-6-2 #750. In 1968 Southern 2-8-0 #630 joined the fleet. While not directly owned by the railroad other steamers to make guest appearances included Texas & Pacific 2-10-4 #610, Chesapeake & Ohio 2-8-4 "Kanawha" #2716, and Canadian Pacific 4-6-4 #2839.
In 1982 Norfolk & Western merged with the Southern forming today's
Norfolk Southern system. The steam program continued and was expanded
to include two examples which operated on the N&W; streamlined J
Class 4-8-4 #611 and articulated Class A 2-6-6-4 #1218. For the next
decade NS continued its incredibly popular steam excursions (which included a fleet of restored and all-matching cars sporting the N&W's maroon and gold passenger livery) until a shift
in management attitudes forced its end in 1994, showcased by a final
farewell excursion led by #611. While the gorgeous J was stored with
great care at the Virginia Museum of Transportation the big articulated
was in the middle of major rebuild when the decision to end the program
was announced, resulting in the locomotive being only partially put back
together prior to its permanent display at the museum.
In 2005 NS had a new chairman, Charles "Wick" Moorman, a long-time railfan himself and the railroad was about to experience a renewed interest in history and heritage. This began in 2007 when the company unveiled a fleet of restored F units to power its business train. These locomotives wore a beautiful livery inspired from the old Southern freight scheme. During the summer of 2010 the railroad officially announced its intentions on June 30th that through a partnership with the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum (TVRM) it would launch the all-new "21st Century Steam Program." At that time the designated locomotives to operate included Southern #630, Southern #4501, and Tennessee Valley Railroad 2-8-0 #610. Of this trio, only #630 was used extensively and #4501 made it back into service for part of the 2015 season.
During the Labor Day weekend in 2011 #630 pulled the first excursions
near the TVRM to celebrate the organization's 50th anniversary and officially kick
off the steam program. This was followed by additional
excursions over the next few months across Tennessee. The year 2012
witnessed the program blossoming exponentially with two major events
occurring; in March Norfolk Southern announced the release of an
unprecedented heritage fleet including 20 "fallen flag" liveries comprising the railroad, adorning new SD70ACe and ES44AC locomotives.
This event, along with employee appreciation excursions hosted by #630
helped mark Norfolk Southern's 30th anniversary that year. Additionally, Nickel
Plate Road 2-8-4 #765 joined the fleet and began hosting trips that summer. The Berkshire is owned
by the Fort Wayne Railroad Historical Society and powered several
excursion across Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia.
The most notable included a series of trips over Pennsylvania's fabled Horseshoe Curve near Altoona where the big Berk ran wide-open with heritage Nickel Plate diesel #8100 and Mr. Moorman made headlines for being in the cab during some of these runs. The year 2013 witnessed #765 and #630 once again hosting excursions although the big news that year was the addition of Norfolk & Western #611 when the Virginia Museum of Transportation and its Fire Up 611! committee announced they would restore the J to operational status for the steam program. Unfortunately, the needed funding for the shop complex #611 needs to keep it regularly maintained and running could not be obtained in time for the locomotive to run during the 2014 season (the restoration funds are already in place) but it did make it back into service for the 2015 season.
Norfolk Southern's eventual goal for its 21st Century Steam Program, aside from teaching and showcasing the history of railroading, was to have steam visit all of their major terminals by the year 2015. Alas, this ultimate goal was fulfilled and the railroad made the somewhat surprising announcement in December stating its steam program was essentially concluded. For 2016 and beyond it is believed that Norfolk & Western #611 will continue to host various excursion across parts of the NS system in Virginia and the Carolinas but no further trips are expected with any other locomotive on any part of the railroad.
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21st Century Steam Program