The Belt Railway of Chicago has been an integral part of the region's
railroad logistics since the early 1880s. The terminal railroad was
developed by a growing need to connect many of the city's largest
railroads at the time, which radiated out in every which direction. The
BRC thus allowed for much more efficient operations and even today,
after many mergers, acquisitions, and bankruptcies over the years the
company remains an important artery in getting freight transferred
through the city and to whatever outbound destination it may be headed.
For railfans the BRC is best known for its once large fleet of Alco
diesel locomotives, although today the railroad operates entirely
second-generation EMD products.
Belt Railway of Chicago dates back to 1882 when it was created by
realtor John B. Brown saw a need as early as the 1870s to better
coordinate and move freight and passenger rail traffic around and
through the city. Brown's idea for the new terminal railroad was to
have it connect with most of the major eastern and western railroads
which served Chicago at the time, thus making rail movements more
efficient through the city. As with most terminal railroads the BRC
became a subsidiary of all of the railroads which used its services,
although initially it was owned by the Chicago & Western Indiana
Railroad (which was specifically chartered to create the BRC). These
initial railroads which leased the Belt included the
Louisville New Albany & Chicago, Chicago & Atlantic, Chicago
& Eastern Illinois, Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific, and Chicago
& Grand Trunk.
Along with connecting to through Class Is, the BRC also served a
respectable contingent of freight shippers, mostly located in the South
Chicago area. As the years progressed and the railroad saw
significantly more traffic it looked to grow and expand. As such, the
BRC looked to expand and add to its existing infrastructure in 1910,
which was completed in a few years. After doing so it gained additional
lessees including the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie (Soo
Line); Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe; Chicago Burlington &
Quincy; Illinois Central; Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific (Rock
Island); Pennsylvania; Pere Marquette; and Chesapeake & Ohio (keep
in mind that at this time the large eastern trunk line, Baltimore &
Ohio already had its own terminal railroad serving Chicago, the
Baltimore & Ohio Connecting Terminal).
Overall, the BRC now operates about 28 miles of main
line and 300 miles of total track. The railroad operates mostly in
central and northern Chicago although it once had trackage rights
extending well into South Chicago and all of the way to the Indiana
state line (most of this was using C&WI trackage). The BRC's
endearing feature is its Clearing Yard located on the company's western
end on Chicago's city limits and in the town of Bedford Park, Illinois.
This massive yard was originally conceived and built by Chicago Great
Western founder and president Alpheus Beede Stickney to alleviate
growing freight traffic congestion around Chicago.
At the time of its construction in 1889 Clearing Yard was built outside the Chicago city limits to avoid city taxes.
However, Stickney could never convince other railroads to likewise use
the yard and neither could chairman of the Chicago & Eastern
Illinois, H.H. Porter. It remained mostly undeveloped until the Belt
Railway of Chicago purchased the property, tore out the minor
infrastructure already in place, and completed a massive new complex in
1915 (still named Clearing Yard). Today, Clearing Yard is nearly six
miles in length from end to end and is one of the largest classification
yards in the country (interestingly, the yard alone makes up most of
the Belt's total trackage).
Diesel Locomotive Roster
The American Locomotive Company
400, 403-404, 406-411
The Baldwin Locomotive Works
471 (Second), 480-481
500A-501A (Cow), 500B-501B (Calf)
502A-506A (Cow), 502B-506B (Calf)
Steam Locomotive Roster
E-2 Through E-4
G-1, H-1, J-1/2, K-1 Through K-4, M
Over the years the BRC's owners have slowly decreased, mostly
through mergers and bankruptcies. Today, six of the seven Class I
railroads operate the terminal line including; CSX Transportation,
Norfolk Southern, BNSF Railway, Union Pacific, Canadian National,
and Canadian Pacific. Despite its smaller number of owners it still
retains much of its original system. The BRC also still retains its
original livery of black and gray with yellow trim along with its classic "belt" logo.
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