For instance lines such as the Baltimore & Ohio, Pennsylvania, Erie and others began replacing their fleets of 4-4-0s for the more powerful Consolidation (additionally, as it turns out, the 2-8-0s were not as expensive). In the case of the Lehigh Valley, with the success of the initial model it purchased from Baldwin the railroad went on to order fourteen more (the LV went on to roster hundreds of 2-8-0s purchasing its final batch from Alco in 1916, Class M-36 #813-832). The Consolidation, with its two extra driving axles and front pilot truck could not only pull trains that were twice as heavy but also run at speeds fast enough to be used in any type of passenger service.
By the 1880s Consolidations had become universally accepted as main line power. As railroads came to find out, the 2-8-0 was extremely versatile and received, or was built with, upgrades as technologies improved through the end of the 19th century. With the development of the air-brake in 1872 by George Westinghouse tonnage grew as the invention slowly gained acceptance within the industry, and the Safety Appliance Act of 1893 required some such system to be equipped on every car and locomotive. The Consolidation was duly suited to take on the added weight. The design continued to be improved upon through the 1920s until its inherent size simply precluded further enhancements. By that time 2-8-0s featured some highly advanced features such as superheaters, feedwater heaters, piston valves, and outside radial valve gear.
While the Consolidation was replaced by larger and more advanced designs
such as 2-8-2s, 2-10-0s, 4-8-2s, and others many railroads continued to
use theirs in some type of capacity until the end of steam. For
instance, the Western Maryland, which owned hundreds of Consolidations found the design
very useful to move heavy tonnage over the road's stiff grades in
Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The WM's latest examples
including Class H-7a, H-7b, H-8, and H-9a could achieve tractive efforts
between 60,000 and 74,000 pounds, and where not retired
until the mid-1950s. By the time production had ended on the 2-8-0
some 23,000 had been manufactured domestically with another 12,000 built
for export. Today, several Consolidations have been preserved across
the country including a large number that are still in operation, such
as Western Maryland Scenic Railroad’s #734.
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