As mentioned above the NC&StL became a victim of a vicious takeover by the Louisville &
Nashville in 1880 (the two railroads were bitter rivals), an
act which resulted in significant distrust towards the L&N by the
cities of Nashville and Louisville for some time. Despite its unfortunate loss as an independent system the railroad
was allowed to mostly operate on its own over the
next 70 years building a railroad that stretched from Paducah,
Kentucky south to Atlanta, Georgia with lines also reaching Bruceton and
Memphis, Tennessee. During the Civil War the then Nashville & Chattanooga
Railroad, whose original main line connected its namesake cities
covering roughly 125-miles (interestingly, the line in a few locations
ever so slightly broke into both the states of Alabama and Georgia), was
a strategic transportation link for both the Northern and Southern
However, this also resulted in the railroad being repeatedly
sabotaged, attacked, and destroyed in places by both sides trying to
gain an upper-hand on the other.
After the war the N&C took control of the Nashville &
Northwestern in 1870, which connected Nashville with Hickman, Kentucky
on a main line which covered roughly 170 miles. The two lines merged in
1872 and a year later was renamed the Nashville, Chattanooga and St.
Louis Railway. Then, in 1877 the NC&StL took control of the bankrupt Tennessee
& Pacific Railroad, which operated as far east as Lebanon. While the Louisville & Nashville gained control of the Dixie Line in 1880 through a hostile stock
takeover the railroad continued to grow. In 1890 the NC&StL leased the Western & Atlantic
Railroad from the state of Georgia which gave the company
a direct connection to Atlanta.
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Diesel Locomotive Roster
The American Locomotive Company
The Baldwin Locomotive Works
|NW2||20-23, 25||1941, 1949||5|
Steam Locomotive Roster
|L1-55, L2-55, L2A-55||Mikado||2-8-2|
|L&N GP30 #1000 sits at the engine terminal in East St. Louis with several other units on July 31, 1977.|
The railroad would also add branches
to Paducah, Kentucky; Allen's Creek, Columbia, Palmer, Perryville, and
Orme in Tennessee; and Gadsden, Alabama. In total the NC&StL would come to operate a system stretching
1,072 miles. Despite the Dixie Line's ambitious plans
to connect with St. Louis, as its name implied, it never reached
further west than Memphis. The railroad's lines were broken down into
four, official divisions; Chattanooga, Huntsville, Nashville, and
Paducah & Memphis. It remained a separate entity until 1957 when it
was formerly merged into the Louisville & Nashville. For more
information about the railroad please visit the Nashville, Chattanooga
and St. Louis Railway Preservation Society's website.
Related Reading You May Enjoy
Other Classic Railroads Of The South
The "Coast Line"
CoG, "The Right Way"
IC, "Main Line Of Mid-America"
FEC, "Flagler System"
C&O, "George Washington's Railroad"
GM&O, "The Rebel Route"
L&N, "The Dixie Line"
N&W, "Precision Transportation"
Norfolk Southern (Original)
Oneida & Western
RF&P, "Linking North & South"
Seaboard, "Through The Heart Of The South"
Southern..."Serves The South"
The "TAG" Route
TC, "The Nashville Route"
AN, "The Port St. Joe Route"
A&StAB, "The Bay Line"
L&C, "The Springmaid Line"
Sandersville, "The Kaolin Road"
AD&N, "Serving Southern Forests"
D&S, "Service With Courtesy"
The "Tweetsie," ET&WNC
F&C, "The Kentucky Midland Route"