The L&N's Pan American

The Louisville & Nashville is not well remembered for its passenger services although one of its top trains within its fleet was the Pan American, a fairly successful run for several years although officially never entirely streamlined (it was, however, upgraded with various equipment throughout its years of operation). While most of the L&N’s passenger trains were dropped or canceled prior to the creation of Amtrak in the spring of 1971, the American, remained until the end ceasing operations on April 30, 1971 one day prior to Amtrak’s startup. Interestingly the train inspired several songs including "Pan-American, Blues" by DeFord Bailey, "The Pan-American," by Hank Williams, and "Pan-American, Boogie" by the Delmore Brothers. This is particularly interesting since the L&N considered the Humming Bird its flagship train during the streamliner era.

Elderly E6A #777 has the southbound "Pan American" readying to depart from Louisville Union Station during April of 1966. To the left, Chesapeake & Ohio E8A #4027 heads up the "George Washington," which is waiting to depart eastbound for Ashland, Virginia.

The Pan American, (named because of the service Louisville & Nashville provided hauling Central and South American goods through Gulf Coast ports) began as a heavyweight operation in 1921 serving Cincinnati and New Orleans as the railroad's flagship train. It lost this status in 1947 when the L&N debuted the all-streamlined Humming Bird. Beginning in 1949 the L&N slowly updated the train with older, streamlined equipment (which also included new streamlined sleepers for through service between New York and Memphis/Louisville/Nashville in conjunction with the Pennsylvania). In 1953 it again received some additional new, through sleepers and in 1955 began occasionally swapping older and new equipment with the Humming Bird. For power the train originally used Electro-Motive E6As, later upgrading to EMD E7As between 1945 and 1949.

L&N E8A #796 has the southbound "Pan American" as it loads mail partially beneath the train shed at Louisville, Kentucky during June of 1965.

Finally, in 1951 the L&N purchased E8As for passenger service. Interestingly, the railroad never used "B", booster units, which at the time was typically a common practice for a Class I's flagship (it allowed for additional power without the need for an additional cabbed locomotive).   The train was a quite successful operation although because it competed in a market dominated by the Illinois Central with its Panama Limited, and City of New Orleans, the American, was often overshadowed. Still, for over five decades it provided reliable, efficient, and friendly service between the Gulf Coast and Midwest even if it was not a fully-equipped streamliner like some of the other runs serving both cities. Listed for years as trains #99 (southbound) and #98 (northbound) on the L&N timetable in its final days the train was changed to #9 and #8 respectively.

Essentially the American was a less luxurious version of the Humming Bird, which offered opulent dayliner services including reclining-seat coaches and lounges.   As with all of the Louisville & Nashville's original passenger fleet, the train's locomotives were originally bedecked in L&N's handsome deep blue and cream with red trim while the cars featured a combination of deep blue and stainless steel.  In later years the railroad changed this to a more simple general livery of grey, yellow, and red for all its equipment, including freight. While the passenger trains still carried a level of good looks the new paint scheme was simply not as elegant as the original. In 1955 the American received additional newer equipment when the L&N purchased 13 new coaches to reequip it and the Humming Bird. It was also given a rebuilt, streamlined lunch-counter lounge in 1957. 

(The below Pan American timetable from the Official Guide is dated effective November 21, 1969.)

Read Down Time/Leave (Train #9) Milepost Location Read Up
Time/Arrive (Train #8)
12:20 PM (Dp)0.0
Cincinnati, OH (Cincinnati Union Terminal) (EST)
5:35 PM (Ar)
F 12:35 PM3
Latonia, KY
F 5:15 PM
3:35 PM (Ar)114
Louisville, KY (Union Station)
2:25 PM (Dp)
4:05 PM (Dp)114
Louisville, KY (Union Station)
2:00 PM (Ar)
F 3:59 PM156
Elizabethtown, KY
F 11:49 AM
4:42 PM199
Cave City, KY
11:08 AM
5:19 PM228
Bowling Green, KY
10:39 AM
7:00 PM (Ar)301
Nashville, TN
9:10 AM (Dp)
7:20 PM (Dp)301
Nashville, TN
8:50 AM
8:25 PM355
Lewisburg, TN
7:36 AM
9:21 PM408
Athens, AL
6:41 AM
9:42 PM421
Decatur, AL
6:21 AM
10:19 PM454
Cullman, AL
5:35 AM
11:15 PM (Ar)506
Birmingham, AL (EST)
4:35 AM (Dp)
11:30 PM (Dp)506
Birmingham, AL (EST)
4:15 AM (Ar)
1:30 AM (Ar)604
Montgomery, AL (CST)
2:10 AM (Dp)
1:50 AM (Dp)604
Montgomery, AL (CST)
1:50 AM (Ar)
2:43 AM648
Greenville, AL
12:36 AM
3:01 AM663
Georgiana, AL
12:18 AM
3:45 AM684
Evergreen, AL
11:55 PM
4:10 AM709
Brewton, AL
11:27 PM
4:35 AM (Ar)722
Flomaton, AL
11:10 PM (Dp)
5:05 AM (Dp)722
Flomaton, AL
10:50 PM (Ar)
5:24 AM737
Atmore, AL
10:23 PM
5:57 AM758
Bay Minette, AL
10:00 PM
6:45 AM (Ar)782
Mobile, AL
9:20 PM (Dp)
7:05 AM (Dp)782
Mobile, AL
9:00 PM (Ar)
7:57 AM822
Pascagoula, MS
F 8:03 PM
8:28 AM842
Biloxi, MS
7:31 PM
8:38 AM848
Edgewater Park, MS
7:20 PM
8:58 AM855
Gulfport, MS
7:07 PM
F 9:11 AM864
Pass Christian, MS
6:48 PM
9:23 AM870
Bay St. Louis, MS
6:39 PM
9:30 AM874
Waveland, MS
6:30 PM
10:10 AM
New Orleans, LA (Carrollton Avenue)
5:25 PM
10:35 AM (Ar)927
New Orleans, LA (Canal Street Station)
5:15 PM (Dp)

While the Pan could be classified as a semi-streamliner, the railroad made sure to never advertise it as such since it was simply not on the same level as the Humming Bird.   Like with the rest of the rail industry, by the 1960s the Louisville & Nasvhille was looking to get out of the passenger train business, disenchanted by the growing loss and lack of interest from the American public which abandoned trains in droves for the independence of the highway and speed of the airliner.  This issue was only compounded by the loss of the lucrative U.S. mail contracts during 1967.  Interestingly, the railroad was so quick to call it quits on the Humming Bird that it discontinued the train in the middle of its run in 1969, making news all over the country! 

(Thanks to Bill Haithcoat for help regarding the history and operation of the Pan American.)



A pair of aging E7As, led by #779, have the southbound "Pan American" as it passes A Street Tower in Louisville on September 9, 1966.

Still, while most of the L&N’s fleet had been canceled by the late 1960s, the American carried on until the end when Amtrak took over intercity passenger rail operations on May 1, 1971.   During the American's final years of operation it still retained sleeper service, an amenity quickly disappearing by the 1960s in the rail travel industry.  According to the L&N's 1969 timetable a typical consist included 10-roomette, double-bedroom sleepers running the length of the route, reclining seat coaches, and a diner offering "complete meal service" (somewhat surprising considering the road's stance with passenger service during that era). By this time the company's South Wind was its only intercity passenger train offering a nearly intact allotment of services (aside from parlors which had disappeared long ago) including sleepers, lounges, coaches, and even a grill car.

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