The Katy (Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad) and Frisco (St. Louis–San Francisco Railway) are not well remembered for their passenger services. However, both railroads launched a joint train that turned out to be quite famous during the streamliner era in the late 1940s, the Texas Special. The train featured one of the most dazzling liveries that rivaled any other across the country and it did quite well for several years until service declines on the Katy resulted in the Frisco pulling out on the joint operation. As a result the once-glamorous Texas Special (featuring a livery of red, yellow and stainless-steel) died a slow, quiet death during the 1960s. Today, nothing remains of this flashy train but its memories of those who saw and rode aboard it certainly will never be forgotten.
The railroads which operated the Texas Special were mid-sized Class I systems that operated in the Midwest through southern Texas. The Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad like the Illinois Central and Gulf, Mobile & Ohio railroads ran, unconventionally, north-south (instead of the more common, east-west). As its name implies, the Katy connected all of its namesake states with connections to cities such as Omaha and St. Louis in the north and Galveston and San Antonio, Texas in the south. The railroad was somewhat successful over the years but it ran into financial trouble a number of times throughout its life.
The St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, commonly known as simply the Frisco has a storied history of two halves. During the railroad’s first 60 years it had a very interesting and tumultuous history going through a number of name changes and bankruptcies (resulting in so many names). However, after its final name as the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, the railroad did quite well and prospered for its last 60+ years of operation before becoming part of the large Burlington Northern system in the very early 1980s.
The Texas Special was re-inaugurated by the Katy and Frisco in May of 1948 as an all-streamlined train (it has its beginnings dating all of the way back to 1915) serving the Midwest and Southwest. The beginning of the train’s journey started on the Frisco between St. Louis and Vinita, Oklahoma where it was relayed to the Katy and carried south to various points in Texas such as Dallas/Fort Worth, Austin, Waco and as far south as San Antonio (the most southern city the Katy reached). The train also offered connecting services to Denison, Whitesboro, and Wichita Falls.
According to the train's official timetable, once leaving St. Louis Union Station via the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway at 5:40 pm, it reached the connection with the Missouri-Kansas-Texas at Vinita, Oklahoma at 2:10 am the following morning. From this point aboard the Katy the train traveled as far south as Denison, Texas before it split with one section heading to Fort Worth (where it arrived by 8:45 am), while the other continued southward towards San Antonino reaching that city by 2:45 pm later that same day. Overall it took the St. Louis-San Antonino Texas Special just over 21 hours to complete the journey while the truncated St. Louis-Fort Worth version of the train took just over 14 hours to complete its trip.
Additionally, the Texas Special through sleeper service to both Washington, D.C. via the Baltimore & Ohio as well as Philadelphia and New York City in the Northeast via the Pennsylvania Railroad. This connecting service was through the Frisco at St. Louis Union Station. As for the train’s overall design, it was one-of-a-kind. The Katy and Frisco spent handsomely on the Special’s streamlined equipment from Pullman-Standard, which featured brilliant red paint and stainless-steel sheathing and named for Texas locations or important people. Up front the EMD E-series diesel locomotives were likewise bedecked in stainless-steel sheathing along the bottom of the carbody (a rare design feature not often found on most other passenger train designs) with a yellow nose and big centered “Lone Star” (the train certainly embodied Texas through and through).
As for the train’s interior it likewise used red colors and included reclining seat coaches and also included sleepers, diners, a coach-buffet-lounge, and sleeper-lounge-observation. In total, the Katy and Frisco each had a 14-car train although they eventually had to add a third train, made up mostly of older, heavyweight equipment to meet demand and allow for better scheduling. A typical full consist of the Texas Special between St. Louis and San Antonino included a diner, reclining seat coach service, a coach-lounge-buffet, no less than six sleepers (including B&O and PRR equipment), and finally a lounge observation.
For more information regarding the Texas Special's consist and timetable information please click here. The streamlined version of the Texas Special did well until the late 1950s when the Katy’s service levels were deteriorating so badly (due to poor maintenance on both its track and equipment) that trains were running, embarrassingly, several hours late. The Frisco became fed up with the Katy’s antics and discontinued its leg of the Special in 1959. Now that the train had no way to reach St. Louis (and connecting service with numerous eastern and western Class I passenger trains) and terminated in Kansas City the Texas Special slowly disappeared under the Katy. What was left of the Special was finally discontinued all together in 1965.