The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad: Way of the Zephyrs
The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, better remembered as The Burlington Route, is best remembered for its Zephyr
lightweight streamlined trainsets which were revolutionary and very
successful when they debuted in 1934. Perhaps less recognized is the
company itself, which because of sound business practices throughout its
history was never in financial
distress. The Burlington was also quite close with the communities it
served making it beloved like few other railroads. During the road's height it spanned across most of the Midwest and thanks to acquisitions like the Colorado & Southern and Fort Worth & Denver was able to reach into Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado. Its legend continues
to live on today through its Zephyr trains and Chicago main line which
sees hundreds of freight trains daily operated by successor BNSF Railway.
An A-B-A lahsup of CB&Q covered wagons led by F7A #165 lead their manifest freight through Milledgeville, Illinois September 14, 1964. Interestingly enough, the Burlington had a unique designation for how it classified sets of F units; a standard A-B-A lashup was labeled A-B-C, an A-B-B-A was listed as A-B-C-D, and so forth.
Like most now-famous fallen flags, the Burlington
can trace its existence to a predecessor railroad, which was chartered
in 1849 to connect Aurora, Illinois with another railroad at Turner
Junction, Illinois, the Aurora Branch Railroad. After an earlier name change
in 1855 the railroad was renamed the final time as the Chicago,
Burlington and Quincy. After this the railroad began rapidly expanding
across the Midwest through construction and outright takeover of other
small or startup railroads. By 1864 the CB&Q had reached Chicago,
the very same line that today sees hundreds of BNSF Railway freights
daily. Throughout the rest of the 19th century the railroad continued
building and growing, reaching cities like St. Louis (1894), Omaha
(1871), Kansas City (1869), Denver (1882), Minneapolis/St. Paul (1886),
and by the early 20th century it reached its final length when it had
extended to the states of Wyoming, Montana, Texas, and New Mexico.
CB&Q VO-1000 #9367 wears the road's classic Everywhere West slogan as the unit sits at the Western Avenue Yard in Chicago on September 14, 1965.
It was during this time that the railroad was sold to legendary
tycoon James J. Hill. The Burlington already
connected with Hill’s Great Northern and Northern Pacific at several
locations allowing for increased traffic to flow along all three lines,
not mention a boost in profits. It was also under Hill’s reign that the
Burlington increased its reach into states such as Wyoming, Kentucky,
Colorado, and Texas. Perhaps, though, the railroad’s most influential president was
Ralph Budd. Under his direction the railroad would become an efficient,
lean operation that earned substantial revenues while also remembering
its roots. Budd, unlike most railroad presidents and management,
did not hold onto outdated and ignorant practices (which, even today
continues, albeit to a much lesser extent). He realized as early as the
1930s that railroads would need to continually come up with innovative
ways to retain traffic, including passengers.
It was during this time that, in conjunction with the then Electro-Motive Corporation the Zephyr was born, which would revolutionize train travel. These articulated trainsets were streamlined, lightweight designs that would be powered by the new diesel engine,
which allowed for efficiencies far beyond what steam could provide.
The first of these trainsets, cast in all stainless steel, was the Zephyr #9900
and after touring across the country made its famous nonstop trip
between Denver and Chicago in mere hours, an unheard of accomplishment
for its day. Not surprisingly this alone coupled with the trains high
speeds made the Zephyr an instant hit with the public and the
Burlington would go on to order several of these trainsets. Of course,
the Burlington loved the streamliners as well due to their extremely
inexpensive costs to both build and maintain.
While the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy operated a number of Zephyrs including the Twin Cities Zephyr, Mark Twain Zephyr, Denver Zephyr, and Ozark State Zephyr perhaps the railroad’s most famous was the California Zephyr
which was jointly run with the Rio Grande and Western Pacific. The
train traveled through some of the most spectacular scenery in the
country and it was not surprising that it continued to do well even when
train travel by the 1960s and 1970s was waning with the public. The
train would eventually be operated only by the Rio Grande (which was
then renamed as the Rio Grande Zephyr) and after it relinquished the train to Amtrak in the 1980s it was not only retained but also returned to its original name.
An assortment of Burlington Geeps led by GP30 #968 are clipping right along with their manifest freight in tow through Lisle, Illinois on May 24, 1964.
While Budd retired from the CB&Q in 1949 his legacy was far reaching.
Always looking for ways to cut costs and improve service he oversaw the
beginnings of switching the railroad to diesel power and the Burlington
had nearly 2,000 miles of track under Centralized Traffic Control (CTC)
by the mid-1960s! The railroad, however, was destined to be merged with
its allying roads the Great Northern (which controlled the CB&Q);
Spokane, Portland & Seattle; and Northern Pacific. It was simply a
matter of when, as many speculated.
The Burlington became popular in the 1960s for hosting numerous steam-powered excursions by sparing a few units from retirement to do so. Seen here is Class O-5a 4-8-4 #5632 speeding westbound through Hinsdale, Illinois on April 28, 1963.
The American Locomotive Company
The Baldwin Locomotive Works
The Electro-Motive Corporation/Electro-Motive Division
Exposition Flyer: Operated in Junction with the Western Pacific and Rio Grande between Chicago and Oakland until the debut of the California Zephyr in 1949.
Running elephant-style are three CB&Q E8As led by #9973 as they hustle a passenger train under the signal tower at Westmont, Illinois on July 30, 1965.
Kansas City Zephyr: (Chicago - Kansas City)
Mainstreeter: Operated between Chicago and Seattle via allying roads Northern Pacific and Spokane, Portland & Seattle.
Morning Zephyr: (Chicago - Twin Cities)
Nebraska Zephyr: (Chicago - Lincoln)
Pioneer Zephyr: (West Quincy - Hannibal, Missouri)
Sam Houston Zephyr: (Dallas - Houston)
Texas Zephyr: (Denver - Dallas)
Western Star: Operated between Chicago and Seattle via allying roads Great Northern and Spokane, Portland & Seattle.
Zephyr Rocket: Operated between Minneapolis and St. Louis in conjunction with the Rock Island.
While never one of EMD's more popular models, the Burlington owned 16 SD24s; pictured here is #501 leading three GP30s as they zip a freight train through Downers Grove, Illinois on July 2, 1965. Note the numerous classic cars in the scene.
While trying for years this did not
come to fruition until 1970 when the ICC finally granted permission to
do so forming the then Burlington Northern. The BN, however, would last
only 25 years before merging with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe
to become the Burlington Northern Santa Fe, today known as simply the
BNSF Railway. Even though the Burlington is no
more today it continues to live on as almost all of its main lines are
still important routes for its successor. Forever recognized as one of
the best managed railroads of all time perhaps it is best remembered by
the communities it served as a down home company who deeply cared about
its roots, something all but lost in today’s Class I systems.