The 'North Western witnessed an incredible level of patronage with its relaunched 400 and quickly worked to field an entire fleet as fast the equipment could be acquired. The first of these new cars, also Pullman products, began arriving during January of 1942. According to Scribbins there were four complete sets within this order and they allowed the C&NW to launch the Peninsula 400, Capitol 400, Commuter 400, City of Milwaukee 400, and Shoreland/Valley 400. The latter was an interesting endeavor; the Shoreland 400 was listed on C&NW's timetable as train #215, the northbound run departing Chicago for Green Bay via Milwaukee. In turn, its counterpart was train #206, the southbound Valley 400 running south from Green Bay to Chicago via Fond du Lac.
(The below Shoreland/Valley '400' timetable is dated effective April 29, 1962.)
Time/Leave (Train #239/Valley '400')
Time/Arrive (Train #168/Shoreland '400')
|7:30 AM (Dp)||0.0||Chicago, IL (North Western Station) (CT)||8:50 PM (Ar)|
|7:48 AM||12.0||Evanston, IL||8:30 PM|
|8:08 AM||35.9||Waukegan, IL||8:04 PM|
|8:25 AM||51.6||Kenosha, WI||7:50 PM|
|8:36 AM||61.9||Racine, WI||7:39 PM|
|9:05 AM (Ar)||84.4||Milwaukee, WI||7:15 PM (Dp)|
|9:15 AM (Dp/Via Fond du Lac)||84.4||Milwaukee, WI||7:10 PM (Ar)|
|9:55 AM||117.6||West Bend, WI|
|10:35 AM (Ar)||Fond du Lac, WI|
|10:40 AM (Dp)||Fond du Lac, WI|
|11:05 AM||164.3||Oshkosh, WI|
|11:24 AM||177.2||Neenah-Menasha, WI|
|11:36 AM||182.6||Appleton, WI|
|112.6||Port Washington, WI||6:35 PM|
|120.2||Belgium, WI||6:25 PM|
|125.3||Cedar Grove, WI||6:20 PM|
|139.1||Sheboygan, WI||6:02 PM|
|150.7||Cleveland, WI||5:46 PM|
|156.2||Newton, WI||5:40 PM|
|163.6||Manitowoc, WI||5:30 PM|
|171.2||Francis Creek, WI||5:17 PM|
|183.5||Denmark, WI||5:03 PM|
|12:15 PM (Ar)||200.4||Green Bay, WI (CT)||4:40 PM (Dp/Via Manitowoc)|
The consist for these trains normally consisted of a baggage-tap-cafe-lounge, reclining seat coaches, and a standard parlor while power was provided by new E6 diesels from Electro-Motive (in later years the trains were powered by even newer E7 and E8s). Scribbins notes that one of the most interesting and unique features of the Shoreland/Valley 400 was the baggage-lunch-counter-diner cars that arrived during 1950 from Pullman-Standard. They offered, "...tables seating four angled so that two persons had their backs toward the windows while their companions sat in moveable chairs with their backs to the aisle. Across the aisle, triangular tables for two pointed toward angled banquettes against the wall." The postwar era was one filled with hope and enthusiasm for railroads, believing the streamliner and strong ridership experienced during the war years would lead to another "Golden Age" of rail travel.
Unfortunately, this was not to be as the C&NW experienced firsthand. By the 1950s, coupled with Union Pacific's move to the Milwaukee Road in ferrying its City fleet to Chicago, the 'North Western realized that the public's interest for trains was waning in favor of automobiles and airlines. In an ironic twist the railroad began wide-scale cutbacks within its passenger fleet when just a few years before it was still launching new 400s. The most notable changes occurred during 1958 when the C&NW acquired new bi-level, gallery cars from Pullman-Standard and through a deal with the state of Wisconsin the implementation of this equipment enabled the railroad to discontinue 14 secondary, money-losing trains. Some of these cars would later be assigned to the Shoreland/Valley 400.
As the '50s gave way to the 1960s it was clear that the public would never return to the rails as their primary means of travel. The decade witnessed continuing cutbacks within the C&NW fleet as the railroad attempted to stave off growing losses. This came to a head in 1969 when Scribbins writes, "...when the Peninsula 400 was discontinued north of Green Bay in mid-July, C&NW quietly dropped the 400 name, referring to its trains only as streamliners. What had started on January 2, 1935 in a brilliant burst of optimism and had grown into a fine example of modern passenger train operation was no more." According to the railroad's 1969 timetable only train #206 was still operating between Green Bay and Chicago offering reclining-seat coaches via the bi-level cars. It was later discontinued in 1971.
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