The Phoebe Snow, Lackawanna's Beloved Flagship Passenger Train
Perhaps more than any other passenger train the Phoebe Snow evoked heartfelt emotions of a warm, classy passenger train that was intent on making you feel right at home
when you were aboard. The name itself for the train, which would
become the Lackawanna’s premier run between
Hoboken, New Jersey and Buffalo, New York had actually been around for years in the railroad’s passenger services (such as the Lackawanna Limited, the flagship run before the Phoebe). The term Phoebe Snow
had been used as a mascot of sorts by the railroad to describe the snow white, clean services the DL&W offered
since the company transported (and used) clean-burning anthracite coal. The Lackawanna offered top-notch service with the Phoebe for many years. However, ultimately its regional status, competition, and the onset of other types eventually doomed the train by the 1960s.
The Erie Lackawanna's Lake Cities is passing Burnham Tower in Illinois where Pennsylvania, South Shore Line, Nickel Plate, EL and Chicago & Western Indiana lines all met during March of 1964.
The Lackawanna, while never one of the Northeast’s largest railroads
(like most, it was dwarfed by bitter rivals New York Central and
Pennsylvania) it was perhaps the grandest, which it is likely best
remembered for; builder of the New Jersey Cutoff (between Port Morris, New Jersey and Slateford, Pennsylvania) and the Nicholson-Hallstead Cutoff these magnificent feats of engineering were home to several stunning viaducts (made from reinforced concrete), the most notable of which was Tunkhannock Viaduct (also known as Nicholson Viaduct).
The Snow, a beautiful streamlined train featuring
lightweight equipment from the Budd Company, American Car & Foundry,
and Pullman-Standard in a stylish livery of maroon and gray, was born
in November 1949 to directly compete with the New York Central between
New York City and Buffalo (although the Lackawanna’s service only went
as far as its Hoboken Terminal). The personal service and charm of this
train, coupled with its brilliant marking campaign of a fictional young
lady dressed in white welcoming you to either ride the train or while you were aboard with photos of her showcased throughout the train made the Phoebe Snow a “down to earth,” beloved operation (the railroad also for some hired a real life actress to portray Phoebe).
Another view of the Lake Cities, captured on during March of 1964 at Hammond, Indiana with the train being led by a pair of E8As. Roughly a decade later these locomotives were demoted to freight service on the EL.
Not only did the train offer personal service it also traveled through
breathtaking areas of New York State, such as the Pocono Mountains, and
along with sites of the Lackawanna’s legendary railroad landmarks, like
Nicholson Viaduct, made the trip that much more enjoyable. Listed as
the DL&W's trains #3 and #6 it could make the
run from New York/Hoboken and Buffalo in just over eight hours, with an
average train speed of around 48 mph. Because the train was only a
dayliner and did not include sleepers (except with connecting service of
the Nickel Plate's Nickel Plate Limited) its original consist included reclining seat coaches, club-diner-lounge service, parlor cars, diners, and an observation-lounge.
After the merger of the DL&W and Erie Railroad in 1960 to form the
Erie-Lackawanna Railroad the train briefly disappeared into the new Erie Lackawanna Limited.
However, this discontinuance would last only a few years as she was
reinstated in late 1963, albeit now running all of the way to Chicago,
not just Buffalo, along former Erie rails. Still, despite fine service
and great views, as with the rest of the railroad industry, the Phoebe Snow
could not stave off increasing losses as passengers took to their cars
and the air for faster, more efficient means of travel. With the loss
of the US Postal Service mail contracts in 1966 the Erie Lackawanna
decided it was time to retire the Phoebe for good and she made her last run on November 28th of that year. For more information about the Lackawanna's passenger services please click here.
EL E8A #816 pulls its train through the yard at 51st Street in Chicago during April of 1964.
As can probably be expected with a route that was not nearly as popular
or competitive as those offered by the NYC’s and PRR’s main lines, the Phoebe was not resurrected by Amtrak when the carrier took over intercity
passenger rail operations in 1971. Today, much of the former Erie main
line in Ohio and Pennsylvania itself is gone as well (again in favor of
the PRR’s and NYC’s lines). However, with the fond memories and
exemplary service offered by the Phoebe Snow the train will likely never be forgotten as another of our nation’s classic passenger trains of yore.