Last revised: March 6, 2023
By: Adam Burns
The Southern Pacific and Rock Island teamed up in the late 1940s to field their own Chicago–Los
Angeles streamliner named the Golden State, a long-running partnership between that dated back to the early 20th century.
The streamlined version featured all lightweight equipment with fine on-board amenities. However, the train was never as well known as others in the hotly contested LA – Chicago corridor traveling territory not as scenic as the Super Chief, City of Los Angeles, or California Zephyr.
As such, the Golden State had trouble effectively holding its own against stronger competition.
Still, for twenty years it did its best in this cutthroat region until the Espee and Rock Island finally gave up on the train in the late 1960s. Today, both the Golden State, and the railroads, which hosted it are but a memory.
The Golden State dates back to 1902 when it was then known as the Golden State Limited. The train ran seasonally, powered by traditional steam locomotives and carried standard, heavyweight cars.
Back then, the Rock interchanged with the El Paso & North Eastern at Tucumcari, New Mexico via its Golden State Route.
The EP&NE went on to become a subsidiary of the El Paso & Southwestern (EP&SW), which itself was later fold into the much larger Southern Pacific.
The SP would go on to abandon much of the EP&SW, except for its Tucumcari - El Paso main line which became part of the "Golden State Route" in conjunction with the Rock Island.
According to Mike Schafer and Joe Welsh's book, "Streamliners: History Of A Railroad Icon" the Golden State Limited had a tumultuous early career
and wasn't always on the timetable.
It remained a seasonal train until the 1930s when the two partners began upgrading its services by adding a barber shop, valet, air-conditioning (then an entirely new technology), and showers.
Just prior to the train's complete makeover it boasted its first lightweight equipment directly after World War II, receiving a 4-compartment/4-double bedroom/2-drawing room sleeper and a 6-section/6-roomette/4-double bedroom sleepers.
Both were Pullman built and serviced. To further enhance the train, Rock Island chipped in a trio of Budd Company lightweight diners.
Hoping to more effectively compete against the Santa Fe and Union Pacific, Rock Island and SP went all out and completely reequipped the train. In the process of doing so it was renamed as simply the Golden State (the Limited was dropped in 1947).
By January, 1948 it was ready to roll, and thanks to a strong marketing effort the train caught the public's attention. New equipment came from both Pullman and Budd along with a batch of lightweight cars from the never-launched Golden Rocket, another transcontinental train once planned by the two railroads.
La Salle Street Station (Chicago)
Union Passenger Terminal (Los Angeles)
The upgraded Golden State boasted on-board features that included (along with air conditioning and showers) reclining seat coaches, diners, a coffee shop lounge-diner, club lounge, sleepers, and even a barbershop, running on a 46-hour schedule between Chicago and Los Angeles.
It carried five sleepers; one between New York-Los Angeles, another serving Chicago-Phoenix, two from Chicago to Los Angeles, and finally one between St. Louis-Los Angeles.
|Read Down Time/Leave (Train #3/Rock Island)||Milepost||Location||Read Up
Time/Arrive (Train #4/Rock Island)
|10:15 PM (Dp)||0.0||11:30 AM (Ar)|
|10:25 PM||6||11:15 AM|
|F||114||F 9:23 AM|
|1:35 AM (Ar)||181||8:10 AM (Dp)|
|1:40 AM (Dp)||181||8:00 AM (Ar)|
|F 1:47 AM||183||F 7:50 AM|
|8:25 AM (Ar)||510||1:10 AM (Dp)|
|8:40 AM (Dp)||510||12:55 AM (Ar)|
|9:50 AM||579||11:35 PM|
|11:25 AM (Ar)||661||10:10 PM (Dp)|
|11:30 AM (Dp)||661||10:05 PM (Ar)|
|12:50 PM||735||8:37 PM|
|2:00 PM||787||7:40 PM|
|4:05 PM (Ar)||919||5:30 PM (Dp)|
|4:10 PM (Dp)||919||5:25 PM (Ar)|
|5:57 PM (Ar)||1030||3:44 PM (Dp)|
|6:01 PM (Dp)||1030||3:40 PM (Ar)|
|7:45 PM (Ar)||1124||2:05 PM (Dp)|
|Time/Leave (Train #3/Southern Pacific)||Milepost||Location||Time/Arrive (Train #4/Southern Pacific)|
|7:00 PM (Dp)||1124||12:59 PM (Ar)|
|10:06 PM (Ar)||1311||9:43 PM (Dp)|
|10:11 PM (Dp)||1311||9:38 PM (Ar)|
|12:35 AM (Ar)||1455||7:10 PM (Dp)|
|12:55 AM (Dp)||1455||6:50 PM (Ar)|
|4:40 AM (Ar)||1671||3:05 PM (Dp)|
|4:45 AM (Dp)||1671||3:00 PM (Ar)|
|F 5:10 PM||1693||F 2:37 PM|
|7:00 AM (Ar)||1794||12:28 PM (Dp)|
|7:10 AM (Dp)||1794||12:18 PM (Ar)|
|9:29 AM (Ar)||1915||10:03 PM (Dp)|
|9:42 AM (Dp)||1915||9:53 PM (Ar)|
|12:49 AM (Ar)||2089||6:44 PM (Dp)|
|12:59 AM (Dp)||2089||6:34 PM (Ar)|
|2:07 PM||2154||5:21 PM|
|F 3:02 PM||2211||F 4:25 PM|
|3:36 PM||2239||F 3:55 PM|
|4:51 PM||2283||2:51 PM|
|5:21 PM||2308||2:22 PM|
|5:55 PM||2334||1:48 PM|
|6:15 PM (Ar)||2340||1:30 PM (Dp)|
The Golden State's equipment also fielded its own special livery that included red/orange and silver. This same scheme was used on SP's locomotives while the Rock stuck with its "Rocket" scheme of crimson, silver, and white.
Overall, it was quite a handsome train and certainly matched its competitors in regards to the services provided.
Unfortunately, the streamliner lacked many things that made it difficult to effectively compete:
This last issue was partially the result of the Tucumcari connection, although certainly not the primary issue.
The streamliner's only true marketing ploy was its ability to provide through sleeper service to New York, in conjunction with the Pennsylvania and New York Central. It also offered available connecting service from St. Louis via Kansas City during the Rock Island portion of the trip.
Listed as Trains #3 (westbound) and #4 (eastbound) on the railroads' official timetables, the Golden State would depart Chicago just after 10 pm and arrive at Tucumcari, New Mexico at nearly 8 pm the following day.
The SP would continue the train westward and into Los Angeles by just after 6 pm the day after. Considering the Golden State had to make additional stops that other western transcontinentals did not, it still carried a respectable average train speed of 52 mph.
As patronage declined so did the service, which by the late 1960s included only a few dismal cars pulled by a banged-up Rock Island E7's or E8's. The final westbound Golden State departed Chicago on April 8, 1968.
As mentioned before, the SP and Rock Island came extremely close to launching a much more luxurious train that would have operated over the same route as the Golden State to fully compete with the Santa Fe, Union Pacific, and others with no expenses spared.
The train was to be called the Golden Rocket and came so close to becoming a reality the Rock actually had its consist delivered before the Southern Pacific backed out (which resulted in that equipment transferred to the Golden State).
Consist (Southern Pacific, 1952)
Mar 29, 23 11:05 PM
Mar 29, 23 10:59 PM
Mar 29, 23 10:48 PM
Mar 29, 23 10:41 PM
Mar 29, 23 06:57 PM
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