U50

Header Photo: Drew Jacksich


The GE U50 was one of the most powerful single unit road switchers the company ever produced. During the horsepower race that was sparked by Union Pacific in the 1960s all three locomotive builders at the time, EMD, GE, and Alco built experimental massive road switchers for the railroad, all of which featured roughly the same horsepower rating (5,000 - 5,500, although EMD's later DDA40X of the late 1960s reached 6,600 hp). Unfortunately, most of these models, including the U50, were hampered by reliability issues since they were essentially two locomotives under one hood (i.e., they featured dual prime movers) and had never been given ample research and development time prior to entering service. Today, all examples of this design built for UP, along with a few acquired by Southern Pacific, have been scrapped.














The GE U50 was essentially an experimental, high horsepower diesel locomotive, originally requested by Union Pacific in the early 1960s, who likewise asked competing builders Alco and EMD to produce similar models. UP was attempting to reduce operating costs by using high horsepower locomotives, which would reduce the number of units needed per train.  The railroad's interest in high-horsepower locomotives dated well back to the steam era with the incredibly powerful 4-8-8-4 "Big Boys" from the American Locomotive Company.  In 1952 Alco collaborated with GE to construct the gas turbine electric locomotive (GTEL) that offered phenomenal horsepower and tractive effort.





However, the GTELs were too expensive to operate and UP looked for other alternatives. Still asking for a 15,000 horsepower, three unit locomotive set GE designed the U50 in 1963. The massive road-switcher featured two 4-cycle model FDL16 prime movers which could produce a combined 5,000 horsepower (it was more or less two U25Bs stuck together).  A gigantic locomotive in terms of both length and weight it stretched over 83 feet and weighed 557,000 pounds. Of course, similar models built by EMD and Alco at the time featured dimensions similar to this big U-boat. With the locomotive's massive size its tractive effort rating was off the charts; 160,000 pounds starting and 139,500 pounds continuous.

Similar to Alco's C855 model, the GE U50 rode on four B-B trucks (i.e., two axles per truck) giving it a B+B-B+B wheel arrangement. The model is sometimes referred to as a U50D, which technically is not accurate, as it utilized two-axle trucks ("D" would refer to a single, four-axle truck). GE delivered its first three U50s to Union Pacific in October of 1963 and the railroad was pleased enough with that it ordered two more batches totaling twenty units between July of 1964 and May of 1965. In total, UP would own 23 U50s.  During May of 1964 Southern Pacific ordered a batch of three U50s but was not satisfied with them and had scrapped the locomotives before 1975.

Interestingly, in the late 1960s GE would again build a high horsepower experimental design for UP known as the U50C, which was slightly different but featured the same horsepower.  While the U50 did have some mechanical issues perhaps its biggest drawback was simply its weight. At 278.5 tons the locomotive was very heavy making it very hard on the track structure. Union Pacific continued to operate theirs for a few more years but by 1977 all had been scrapped or traded in to GE for newer, more reliable, and traditional designs (by that time GE was offering models like the C30-7 and B30-7, both of which were quite dependable and sold more than 1,500 examples combine).

GE U50 Production Roster

Owner Road Number(s) Quantity Date Built
Southern Pacific8500-850231964
Union Pacific31-53231963-1965


For more reading about GE's U-boat line the bookU-Boats: General Electric's Diesel Locomotive by author Greg McDonnell provides a complete history of the company's first production diesel models.  Also, noted historian Brian Solomon has authored a number of books covering the history and background of GE's locomotives.  Two, which provide a general but thorough coverage include GE Locomotives and GE And EMD Locomotives: The Illustrated History.  As with virtually all of Mr. Solomon's you can expect a well-written title with large, crisp, and sharp photographs. 




Top Of Page

› U50






Researching Rights-Of-Way

A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way.  Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country.  Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that.  If you are researching active or abandoned corridors you might want to check out the United States Geological Survery's (USGS) Historical Topographic Map Explorer.  It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country.  Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page!



Studying Diesels

You will be hard pressed at finding a better online resource regarding diesel locomotives than Craig Rutherford's TheDieselShop.us.  The website contains everything from historic (fallen flags) to contemporary (Class I's, regionals, short lines, and even some museums/tourist lines) rosters, locomotive production information, technical data, all notable models cataloged by the five major builders (American Locomotive, Electro-Motive, General Electric, Fairbanks-Morse, and Baldwin), and much more.  A highly recommended database!



Electro-Motive Database

In 1998 a gentleman by the name of Andre Kristopans put together a web page highlighting virtually every unit every out-shopped by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division.  Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his UtahRails.net site (another fine resource).  If you are researching anything EMD related please visit this page first.  The information includes original numbers, serials, and order numbers.