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GE "U33B" Locomotives

Last revised: May 14, 2023

By: Adam Burns

The U33B was the fourth, and most powerful, 4-axle road switcher the company offered up until that time.  When introduced in 1967, however, the industry was moving away from four-motored road-switchers.

The U30C, and Electro-Motive's SD40 series, convinced railroads that high-horsepower, six-motored designs were the future in road service work.

As Greg McDonnell notes in his book, "U-boats," the U33B was not actually meant as a stand-alone model but rather a continuation of the earlier U30B.

Most orders for were taken by one railroad, Penn Central, although a handful of other lines did purchase it as well including the New York Central (a pair of upgraded U30Bs), Seaboard Coast Line, and Rock Island.

Today, all of the original 137 examples of the U33B have been retired and none are preserved.


Penn Central U33B #2859 (built as New York Central #2859 in September, 1967) is seen here at the 59th Street Yard in Chicago on April 9, 1970. Roger Puta photo.


The U33B began production in September, 1967.  As Mr. McDonnell notes, the model was merely a continuation of the earlier U30B.

Interestingly, the original four U30B demonstrators, #301-304, were returned to Erie, Pennsylvania in the early summer of 1967.

During this time the builder upgraded the locomotives with an additional 300 horsepower available to the traction motors, which boosted total output to 3,300 horsepower.

In doing so, a larger rear radiator assembly was required.  This "winged" look became a trademark of GE locomotives, and continues today under successor Wabtec Freight.

The four locomotives emerged in July still wearing largely the same black livery but with the addition of a bright yellow nose.  These changes aside, the U33B was virtually identical to its earlier counterpart. 

It sported the same boxy carbody and straightforward appearance of the Universal line.  The U33B utilized the builder's standard 4-cycle model 7FDL16 prime mover.

All other specifications of the locomotive was also mimicked the U30B: tractive effort, trucks (General Steel Casting Corporation's swing bolster, drop-side equalizers, otherwise known as the AAR Type-B), length, generators, and gearing.


While some railroads had requested high, short hoods on other U-boat models, all U33Bs were built using GE's standard short, stubby nose.

By the time production had ended in June, 1970 just 137 were sold to four different railroads.  Penn Central wound up with the most, 81 units, which continued to see use well into the Conrail era.

As sales for its four-axle designs continued to decline, GE began to phase out the line and offered no more after the U23B finished production in 1977.

Interestingly, the U23B (meant for use in light duty yard and freight service) actually proved a surprising success as General Electric sold more than 400 examples to 17 different railroads and industries.

The U30Bs remained in revenue service through successors Conrail and CSX Transportation through the 1980s but most were off their respective rosters by the early 1990s.  The Rock Island's U33Bs were acquired by various buyers following the railroad's 1980 liquidation.

Data Sheet and Specifications

Entered Production9/1967 (New York Central #2858-2859)
Years Produced6/1967 - 6/1970
GE ClassU33B
Engine7FDL16 (16 cylinder)
Engine BuilderGeneral Electric
Length60' 2"
Height (Top Of Rail To Top Of Cab)14' 9"
Width9' 11"
Weight254,800 Lbs
Fuel Capacity1,700 or 2,900 Gallons
Air Compressor3CDC (Westinghouse)
Air Brake Schedule26NL (Westinghouse)
Truck TypeSwing Bolster, Drop-Side Equalizer (GSC) or Floating Bolster FB2 (GE)
Truck Wheelbase9' 4"
Wheel Size40"
Traction Motors752 (4), GE
Traction AlternatorGTA-11AC, GE
Auxiliary GeneratorGY27, GE
MU (Multiple-Unit)Yes
Dynamic BrakesOptional
Gear Ratio74:18
Tractive Effort (Starting)70,000 Lbs
Tractive Effort (Continuous)64,000 Lbs at 10.7 mph
Top Speed70 mph

Production Roster

Owner Road Number Serial Number Order Number Completion Date Quantity
New York Central2858-2859*36397-3639815759/19672
Seaboard Coast Line1719-1734**36467-36482159212/1967-1/196816
Rock Island290-29936822-3683114027/1968-9/196810
Seaboard Coast Line1735-1747**36837-3684914051/1969-2/196913
Penn Central2890-291536868-3689314039/1968-11/196826
Penn Central2926-293536929-36938141111/196810
Penn Central2916-292536939-36948141111/1968-12/196810
Penn Central2936-295536949-36968141112/196820
Rock Island285-28936969-3697314311/19695
Rock Island190-19937128-3713714405/196910
Penn Central2956-297037396-3741014565/1970-6/197015

* Built as part of New York Central's fleet of U30B's numbered 2830-2889 these units, which even sported builder's plates denoting them as U30B's, were actually U33B's according to Greg McDonnell's book "U-boats."

The units were distinguished by their wider rear radiators, needed to support the higher horsepower output.

** Rode on trade-in Blomberg trucks.


  • Foster, Gerald. A Field Guide To Trains. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1996.
  • Marre, Louis A. Diesel Locomotives: The First 50 Years, A Guide To Diesels Built Before 1972.  Milwaukee: Kalmbach Publishing Company, 1995.
  • McDonnell, Greg. U-boats.  Toronto: Stoddart Publishing, 1994.
  • Pinkepank, Jerry A. Diesel Spotter's Guide.  Milwaukee: Kalmbach Publishing Company, 1967.
  • Solomon, Brian. GE Locomotives: 110 Years Of General Electric Motive Power. St. Paul: MBI Publishing, 2003.

The history of General Electric's "U-boat" line is fascinating.  From a macro view it is viewed as a success and helped propel GE into the lead as a locomotive manufacturer by the 1980's. 

Railroads generally regarded them as reliable, easy to maintain, and offering a variety of new, innovative technologies.  However, from a micro view, crews loathed U-boats.

The locomotives provided a notoriously rough ride.  These issues were largely corrected in the "Dash" series (7, 8, 9) of the 1980s/1990s.

In an interesting twist, one can still find rebuilt Electro-Motive models from the 1960's on Class I rosters today while nearly all early U-boat variants have either been scrapped or now reside in museums.  


Wes Barris's SteamLocomotive.com is simply the best web resource on the study of steam locomotives. 

It is difficult to truly articulate just how much material can be found at this website. 

It is quite staggering and a must visit!