GE "U18B" Locomotives (Baby Boats)

The GE U18B was a late model (one of the final Universal designs General Electric ever cataloged), 4-axle Universal design which the company intended to market as a secondary, light branch locomotive.

While GE did sell more than 150 U18Bs overall it was not an extremely successful model as railroads generally did not buy many "specialty" designs and the model bore complaints that it was under-powered and suffered from reliability issues. 

In addition, crews complained the locomotive featured a notoriously rough ride.  It was the Seaboard Coast Line that wound up acquiring the most "Baby Boats," purchasing 105 between 1973-1974.  

The Maine Central picked up 10, the Providence & Worcester a single unit, and Texas Utilities two units. 

Interestingly, Mexico's large Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (NdeM) also acquired  large batch of 45 units.  Today, you can still find a handful in operation in the United States, notably at short line Pickens Railway in South Carolina.

A quartet of Maine Central U18 "Baby Boats" (#404-407) have eastbound freight YR-1 running along the Moose River on the Mountain Division near St. Johnsbury, Vermont on August 6, 1981. Doug Kroll photo.

The GE U18B began production in March, 1973, interestingly towards the very end of the Universal line's production run. Like the U23C, the U18B utilized a unique version of GE's 4-cycle FDL prime mover which featured only eight cylinders that produced 1,800 horsepower.

While virtually all GE models built during this time featured the now-well known flared radiator due to the low horsepower rating of the U18B this simply wasn't needed, which made it appear as an early Universal model.

Still, the U18B was easily identifiable by its much shorter frame, as it was only 54'-08" in length and weighed just 219,000 pounds.

Interestingly, even though the locomotive was relatively light and carried a short frame it did offer quite a bit of tractive effort using refurbished Blomberg trucks; 83,500 pounds of starting effort and 57,500 continuous (by this point virtually all diesel locomotives came equipped with dynamic braking).

General Electric's Fleet Of "U-Boats"














As was generally case when it came to locomotives railroads were more interested in models which could perform multiple tasks rather than one which was intended for a specific purpose.

Thus, GE had a tough time selling the U18B although it did ultimately outshopped 163 to two Class Is (Maine Central and Seaboard Coast Line), a short line (Providence & Worcester), a utility (Texas Utilities), and Mexican railroad Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México by the time production had ended in October, 1976.

Had it not been for the SCL, GE's sales of the U18B would have looked very poor. However, the railroad by the 1970s was becoming an increasingly loyal customer of the company and purchased 105 between 1973 and 1974. 

A pair of former Maine Central U18B's lead a Massachusetts Bay Railroad Enthusiast's fantrip past the small depot at Lincoln, Maine during the Guilford era in July, 1985. Roger Puta photo.

Production on the U18B had ended by October, 1976. Apparently the unsuccessful nature of the model convinced General Electric to scrap any plans to released a follow-up, which would have been known as the B18-7 as part of the company's new "Dash 7" series (offering new electronics among other features).

Maine Central U18B #406, the "Colonel John Allan," leads its northbound freight out of Brunswick Yard with assistance from two GP7s on August 20, 1981. Note the old tell-tales above the first GP7. Randy Kotuby photo.

Perhaps it required GE to learn its lesson the hard way but it came to find out what earlier builders like Alco, Baldwin, and Fairbanks-Morse (by then long gone from the market) already knew; railroads love redundancy and usually do not respond well to specialized equipment suited for a particular task. 

Today, again, you can find a handful of U18Bs still in operation on short lines although there are none known to be preserved. 

GE U18B Production Roster

Owner Road Number(s) Quantity Date Built
Maine Central400-409101975
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (NdeM)9000-9044451974
Providence & Worcester180111976
Seaboard Coast Line250-261, 300-3921051973-1974
Texas Utilities Company101-10221974

A Maine Central freight, led by U18B #408 (named the "Battle of the Bagaduce"), rolls through Brunswick, Maine during the summer of 1976. Randy Kotuby photo.

For more reading about GE's U-boat line the book U-Boats: General Electric's Diesel Locomotive by author Greg McDonnell provides a complete history of the company's first production diesel models.  

Also, noted historian Brian Solomon has authored a number of books covering the history and background of GE's locomotives.  

Two, which provide a general but thorough coverage include GE Locomotives and GE And EMD Locomotives: The Illustrated History.  As with virtually all of Mr. Solomon's you can expect a well-written title with large, crisp, and sharp photographs.  

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Header Photo: Drew Jacksich

Wes Barris's is simply the best web resource in the study of steam locomotives. 

The amount of information found there is quite staggering; historical backgrounds of wheel arrangements, types used by virtually every railroad, preserved and operational examples, and even those used in other countries (North America and beyond). 

It is difficult to truly articulate just how much material can be found at this website.  It is a must visit!

Researching Rights-Of-Way

A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. 

Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country.  Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. 

If you are researching active or abandoned corridors you might want to check out the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Historical Topographic Map Explorer

It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country.  Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page!