Alco "RS-27" Locomotives

Last revised: May 19, 2023

By: Adam Burns

The Alco RS27 was a late model of the Road Switcher (RS) series that produced more than 2,000 horsepower. However, the model was unsuccessful, a common theme of Alco production during this time.

The RS27 looked very much like Alco's later models and was the first to receive the builder's new styling. By the late 1950s Alco was slipping further behind the Electro-Motive Division


Alas, before the decade was over it would also be competing with one-time ally General Electric.

Interestingly, examples of this rare Alco model can still be found, in service on short line Minnesota Commercial (a haven for Alcos). 

The locomotives were purchased from the Green Bay & Western, which had purchased them from the Chicago & North Western (#901 and #903).  Aside from RS27's, their roster over the years has included RS3's, C424's, and even Montreal builds (RS18's, RS23's, M630's, and M636's).


60132048237562346275828690307.jpgPennsylvania RS27 #2404 is seen here near Chicago, circa 1965. Fred Byerly photo. collection.

The RS27 began production in 1959 using a B-B format (two axles per truck) and producing a hefty 2,400 horsepower for a somewhat small, four-axle unit.

As with other late-model RS designs the RS27 came in a standard low-nose setup using Alco's much more reliable 251B prime mover.


In terms of the company's history as a locomotive builder, the RS27 offered the first glimpse of its Century series, which began production in 1963. The model retained the flush, long hood with the cab and the classic notched corners on the carbody remained.

However, the cab featured a slight design change with raised number boards and headlights, and the nose was shorter giving the locomotive a more blunted appearance.

From an exterior standpoint the RS27 began the common look of second-generation designs, as GE used a similar setup with its U25B, and EMD did the same beginning with its GP18, GP20,and GP30 models.

Perhaps it was due to Alco's earlier troublesome engine designs that kept railroads away but whatever the case the builder found little success with the RS27 selling less than thirty units with the Pennsylvania Railroad purchasing the most (15). The year 1959 was not a particularly good one for Alco.  

It was increasingly losing market share to EMD, had not cataloged a successful locomotive since the RS3 finished production in 1956 (although its RS11 design did sell relatively well). 

A pair of Alco's RS27 demonstrators, #640-2 and #640-1, circa 1959. The lead unit (#640-2) became Union Pacific #675 while the trailing unit (#640-1) was sold to the Pennsylvania and became #2415. The three other demonstrators (#640-3 - #640-5) were also acquired by UP becoming #676-678. George Hockaday photo.

Additionally, that year GE ended its five decade partnership with the company when it released its own line of diesels beginning with the U25B (which ironically far outsold the RS27).  

From an operational standpoint, the RS27 varied little from the RS11 aside from the additional horsepower. It actually offered less continuous tractive effort (42,000 pounds) but more starting effort (66,000 pounds).

As had been the case for nearly two decades when the RS27 was produced, internal components like traction motors, generators, and air brakes/compressors came in from GE and Westinghouse. 

Data Sheet and Specifications

Alco Class404-DL-257
Entered Production12/1959 (Demo #640-1)
Years Produced12/1959-10/19/1962
Model SpecificationDL640
Engine251B, V-16
Carbody StylingAlco
Length (Between Coupler Pulling Faces)57' 2"
Weight256,800 Lbs.
Dynamic BrakesOptional
Truck TypeSwing Bolster, Drop-Side Equalizer (AAR Type-B)
Truck Wheelbase9' 4"
Wheel Size40"
Traction MotorsGE 752 (4)
Traction GeneratorGT581
Steam GeneratorOptional
Gear Ratio65:18
Tractive Effort Rating64,200 Lbs.
Top Speed75 MPH

Production Roster

Owner Road Number(s) Construction Number(s) Completion Date
Alco Demonstrator *640-1, 640-2, 640-3, 640-4, 640-5 (Demo's #640-2 thru #640-5 to Union Pacific)83555-8355912/1959-1/1960
Chicago & North Western900-90383601-836043/1962
Green Bay & Western3108360011/1960
Soo Line415-41683605-836064/1962
Union Pacific675-678 (Ex-Demo's #640-2 thru #640-5)412/1959-1/1960

* The first demonstrator, #640-1, was returned to Schenectady and rebuilt as a C424 and assigned new construction number 84558.  It was subsequently sold to the Pennsylvania Railroad on October 1, 1963 as #2415.


  • Foster, Gerald. A Field Guide To Trains. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1996.
  • Kirkland, John F. Diesel Builders, The:  Volume Two, American Locomotive Company And Montreal Locomotive Works. Glendale: Interurban Press, 1989.
  • Pinkepank, Jerry A. Diesel Spotter's Guide.  Milwaukee: Kalmbach Publishing Company, 1967.
  • Solomon, Brian. Alco Locomotives. Minneapolis: Voyageur Press, 2009.

An American Locomotive builder's photo at its Schenectady plant featuring one of the Soo Line's two RS27's (#415) it purchased in 1962.


In the end the model proved another abysmal failure for Alco as just four Class I railroads ultimately purchased the RS27; the aforementioned Pennsylvania, Soo Line, Chicago & North Western, and Green Bay & Western. 

Of note, however, Union Pacific did purchase two of the demonstrators, #640-2 and #640-3. Somewhat unsatisfied, UP returned them to the Montreal Locomotive Works where they were later resold. 

Today, the Minnesota Commercial is apparently quite happy with its two RS27s as the railroad has kept them on its roster for nearly three decades now.  

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