EMD "SD60" Locomotives

Last revised: December 29, 2022

By: Adam Burns

The original SD60 model, released in the mid-1980s, was meant to update the unreliable and unsuccessful SD50 design. The new locomotive looked very similar to the SD50 externally but internally offered an upgraded prime mover and other updated equipment.

While the SD60 itself only sold a few hundred examples, several variants of it did quite well with more than 1,000 in all being built by the time construction was completed on the design in the mid-1990s.

In many ways, the rebound of the SD60 helped the Electro-Motive Division not only remain competitive against General Electric but also may have prevented the company from losing nearly its remaining market share altogether. 

The model would be succeeded by the SD70 series, which again could not reclaim EMD as industry leader but was another successful design that sold more than 2,000 examples.


Electro-Motive Leasing SD60 #9019; August 6, 1987. Vincent Porreca photo. American-Rails.com collection.


The original SD60 design began production in the spring of 1984. It was intended to replace the trouble-prone SD50 model which suffered from reliability and mechanical issues along with being a complicated design to maintain (notably with its electronics and microprocessors).

The SD60 featured General Motors' latest 16-cylinder model 710G prime mover (replacing the model used on the trouble prone SD50), which could produce 3,800 horsepower, and the company marketed the locomotive as a heavy-haul/drag service unit.

To back this up, it also offered substantial continuous tractive effort of 98,250 pounds starting and 100,000 pounds continuous using GM's new D87B traction motor.

This was a vast increase over the SD50, and even the SD38 and SD40 series, as those models generally offered between 80,000 to 90,000 pounds of tractive effort.

Union Pacific SD60 #6050 is seen here on December 2, 1989. At the time of this photo the locomotive was only three years old (out-shopped in May, 1986). It was later renumbered 2205. Vincent Porreca photo. American-Rails.com collection.

While a much more reliable and easier to maintain model than the SD50, the original SD60 design saw marginal sales success, especially in comparison to that of similar General Electric was building at the time.

Just 535 examples were built for eight Class Is (Burlington Northern, CSX, Conrail, Chicago & North Western, Kansas City Southern, Norfolk Southern, Soo Line, and Union Pacific) and a leasing firm (another four were built by EMD). Likewise, Canadian National purchased another 64 with the "cowl" carbody (listed as SD60Fs).

Soo Line SD60 #6050 was photographed here by Jim Shepard at St. Paul, Minnesota on March 19, 1992. American-Rails.com collection.

These lackluster sales numbers can almost certainly be attributed to the industry's weariness of Electro-Motive products after the issues that afflicted the SD50 since mechanically the SD60 was a sound locomotive that generally was rather easy to maintain. However, the model's variants sold much better.


The most successful variant was the SD60M (the "M" designated the model featuring the, then, new wide "safety" cab that would eventually become standard across the industry).

Four Class Is purchased the SD60M including the Burlington Northern (100, numbered 1991, 9200-9298 these units are now in operation on BNSF Railway), Conrail (75, numbered 5500-5574 they have since been split between CSX and NS), Soo (5, numbered 6058-6062 they remain in operation with Canadian Pacific), and Union Pacific.

Together they purchased 740 examples with UP purchasing the most, some 560 units (originally numbered 6085-6645) and most still remain in operation today.

A former Conrail SD60M (built as #5517), renumbered as Norfolk Southern #6772, lays over in Conway, Pennsylvania on May 28, 2010. Paul Wester photo. American-Rails.com collection.

SD60I and SD60MAC

EMD also built an SD60I for Conrail, which purchased 81 units. The "I" designation stood for "isolated cab", also known as a whisper cab as it was meant to greatly reduce engine noise and vibrations for the crew by literally isolating the cab from the frame of the locomotive.

It should also be noted that EMD built four SD60MAC units (the "AC" referred to the model having alternating-current traction motors) as demonstrators for a new variant of the model.

While tested on the Burlington Northern, none were built, and the first AC model EMD released and ultimately cataloged was the SD70MAC.

Data Sheet and Specifications

Entered Production5/1984 (Demonstrator #1)
Years Produced (SD60)5/1984 - 5/1991
Years Produced (SD60M)1/1989 - 6/1993
Years Produced (SD60I)4/1993 - 9/1995
Years Produced (SD60MAC)6/1991 - 9/1992
Engine BuilderGM
Length71' 2"
Height (Top Of Rail To Top Of Cab)15' 7 ½"
Width10' 3"
Weight368,000 Lbs
Fuel Capacity3500 Gallons
Air CompressorGardner-Denver
Air Compressor ModelWBO
Air Brake ManufacturerWestinghouse
Air Brake Schedule26L
Truck TypeHT-C
Truck Wheelbase13' 7"
Wheel Size40"
Traction MotorsD87B (6), GM
Primary GeneratorAR11, GM
Auxiliary GeneratorDelco (A8102)
MU (Multiple-Unit)Yes
Dynamic BrakesYes
Gear Ratio77:17
Tractive Effort (Starting)98,250 Lbs at 25%
Tractive Effort (Continuous)100,000 Lbs at 9.8 mph
Top Speed70 mph

Production Rosters


Owner Road Number(s) Quantity Date Built
Burlington Northern8300-830231985
Chicago & North Western8001-8055551986
Electro-Motive (Demo)1-441984
Kansas City Southern714-759461989-1991
Norfolk Southern6550-67001511984-1991
Oakway, Inc.9000-90991001986
Soo Line6000-6057581987-1989
Union Pacific6000-6084851986-1988


Owner Road Number(s) Quantity Date Built
Burlington Northern1991, 9200-92981001990-1991
Soo Line6058-606251989
Union Pacific6085-63652811989-1992


Owner Road Number(s) Quantity Date Built
Conrail5544, 5575-5654811993-1995


Owner Road Number(s) Quantity Date Built
Burlington Northern9500-950341991-1992

Union Pacific SD60M #6088 is seen here in February, 1990. Location not listed. American-Rails.com collection.

It should be noted that there was another variant known as the SD60MAC. This model was essentially an SD60M that used alternating current (AC) traction motors and EMD constructed four that tested on Burlington Northern.

While the tests proved successful all orders for the model were taken as the later SD70MAC.  Currently, the four demonstrator units remain at the FRA Test Track in Pueblo, Colorado.

Today, as mentioned above, SD60s and its variants remain in operation on nearly every Class I system with leased units being found on some regionals and short lines like the New England Central. 


  • Foster, Gerald. A Field Guide To Trains. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1996.
  • Marre, Louis A. and Pinkepank, Jerry A. Contemporary Diesel Spotter's Guide, The: A Comprehensive Reference Manual To Locomotives Since 1972.  Milwaukee: Kalmbach Publishing Company, 1989.
  • Marre, Louis A. Contemporary Diesel Spotter's Guide, The: A Comprehensive Reference Manual To Locomotives Since 1972, Including Rebuilding, Upgrading, And Leasing Programs (2nd Edition).  Milwaukee: Kalmbach Publishing Company, 1995.
  • McDonnell, Greg. Locomotives: The Modern Diesel & Electric Reference, 2nd Edition. Buffalo: Boston Mills Press/Firefly Books, 2015.
  • Solomon, Brian. American Diesel Locomotive, The. Osceola: MBI Publishing, 2000.
  • Solomon, Brian.  EMD Locomotives.  Minneapolis: MBI Publishing Company, 2006.
  • Solomon, Brian.  GE and EMD Locomotives:  The Illustrated History.  Minneapolis:  Voyageur Press, 2014.
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