EMD "BL2" Locomotives

The Electro-Motive's BL2 would be the stepping-stone for the company’s legendary early GP series, the GP7 and GP9 (two of the most success diesel locomotives ever built). The locomotive was a mix between the cab models and a standard road-switcher, a design that gave crews much better visibility during switching operations or simply shuffling cars around. The road-switcher was not something new, and was not even invented by EMD.   However, the company knew there was a demand for such a design after seeing the success with Alco's pioneering RS1 of 1941. While the BL2 was not exactly what railroads had in mind it paved the way for the highly successful General Purpose series. Today, at least a half-dozen BL2s remain preserved around the country with a few still operational.

A great location to see one in action is at the West Virginia Central Railroad in Elkins, West Virginia which maintains an original Western Maryland unit, #82.  This locomotive, which still wears its WM "Fireball" livery can be found pulling both public excursions and working freight service when-needed.

Electro-Motive's BL-1 demonstrator, #499, soon after it was completed in February of 1948. This unit went on to become Chicago & Eastern Illinois #1602.

Following the success of its cab units, EMD realized that there was a market to be made in road-switchers, which at the time was mostly dominated by the American Locomotive Company (Alco) with its popular RS series.  Since the BL2 not released until 1949 EMD was late to the game , nearly ten years behind Alco, which had sold more than 1,200 examples of its early RS1 and RS2 models (along their variants) by then. Additionally, both the Baldwin Locomotive Works and Fairbanks Morse were also offering their version of the road switcher; the former its "DRS" line (DRS-4-4-1000, DRS-4-4-1500, DRS-6-4-1500, and DRS-6-6-1500) and the latter the H15-44 and H20-44.

Chicago & Eastern Illinois BL1 #202 and an F3A are seen here in Chicago during September, 1959.

Naturally, EMD needed an answer and was not particularly happy by the fact that Alco, its direct competitor, was quickly becoming the industry leader in a market it wanted to dominate itself (road switchers).  Intending to give crews increased visibility by cutting down the width of the long trailing hood and adding windows to behind the cab EMD believed that this would correct sight problems inherent with the E and F models. The BL2 ("BL" meant Branch Line) did allow crews better sight lines and was quite reliable. However, it still lacked exterior walkways, which made the locomotive more utilitarian and was available on Alco's models.  Although unsuccessful from a sales standpoint the BL2 was really a mere stepping-stone for its next model, the GP series (meaning General Purpose).

Bangor & Aroostook BL2 #51 awaits departure southbound from Houlton, Maine with the first section of train #58 on February 6, 1970. Roger Puta photo.

For power, EMD used its tried and proven 16-cylinder model 567B prime mover that was capable of providing the locomotive 1,500 horsepower. Additionally, using four General Motors model D27B traction motors the B-B model could produce 55,000 pounds of starting tractive effort and 40,000 continuous.  Essentially, the BL2 was an F3 on a different carbody.  While the locomotive offered multiple-unit capability its extremely rare predecessor, the BL1 did not. This was the only difference between the two as the BL1 was actually EMD demonstrator #499 that used an air-powered throttle while the BL2 featured an electrically powered throttle making it MU-compatible (this variation led to the slight name change as the "BL2").  Built only between 1948 and 1949, a total of 60 BL2s were constructed for a handful of railroads.

Rock Island BL2 #425 works suburban service around Chicago as it crosses 95th Street in the suburb of Beverly on December 31, 1964. Roger Puta photo.

EMD BL2 Production Roster

Owner Road Number(s) Quantity Date Built
Bangor & Aroostook550-55781949
Boston & Maine1550-155341948
Chesapeake & Ohio80-85, 1840-1847141948-1949
Chicago & Eastern Illinois1600-1601, 1602 (BL1)31948
Electro-Motive (BL1 Demo)499 (To C&EI, #1602)11948
Florida East Coast601-60661948
Missouri Pacific4104-411181948
Monon Railroad30-3891948-1949
Rock Island425-42951949
Western Maryland81-8221948

Florida East Coast BL2 #605. This was one of six the FEC owned. No date or location listed. Author's collection.

Despite the few number built, there are actually more BL2s preserved than one might think. Additionally, at least four are still operational; Western Maryland #82 at the West Virginia Central, Monon #32 at the Kentucky Railway Museum, the Stourbridge Line in Pennsylvania operates Bangor & Aroostook (BAR) #54, and Saratoga & North Creek Railway operates BAR #52.   Others preserved include WM #81 at the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum, BAR #56 at the National Railroad Museum in Green Bay, and BAR #57 at the Cole Transportation Museum in Maine.  A particular reason why so many of Bangor & Aroostook's BL2s are preserved is that the railroad continued operating them  into the early 1980s. 

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Wes Barris's SteamLocomotive.com is simply the best web resource in the study of steam locomotives. 

The amount of information found there is quite staggering; historical backgrounds of wheel arrangements, types used by virtually every railroad, preserved and operational examples, and even those used in other countries (North America and beyond). 

It is difficult to truly articulate just how much material can be found at this website.  It is a must visit!

Researching Rights-Of-Way

A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. 

Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country.  Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. 

If you are researching active or abandoned corridors you might want to check out the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Historical Topographic Map Explorer

It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country.  Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page!