The history of the Copper Basin Railway begins on August 15, 1986 when
it purchased the SP's former branch mentioned above. In its entirety
this line ran from Wellton, a junction along the transcontinental Sunset Route, through Phoenix and onto Hayden/Winkelman.
The Class I retained the line as far as Phoenix, which is still in use
under Union Pacific today (and also retained a north-south branch from
Magma back to the Sunset Route at Picacho). At the same time SP was
ridding itself of this copper line the Kennecott Copper Corporation,
which as some may know also owned the historic Magma Arizona Railroad
(remembered for its use of Baldwin road-switchers), was also selling off
its Ray Mine and Hayden Smelter, the former of of which was located along a short branch north of Hayden.
In the end, ASARCO, LLC (which was known by its long name as American Smelting & Refining Company until 1975) purchased the mine and smelter, and the Copper Basin took over the branch allowing both to turn around the fortunes of their respective properties at the same time. Today, the Ray Mine remains one of the CBRY's major customers although the railroad does move other types of freight when the opportunity presents itself; such as lumber and even occasional moves for the military which has a nearby base. Additionally, raw ore is not the only copper-related traffic shipped by the Copper Basin as either refined copper (anodes and cathodes) or a byproduct of the mining process moves by train which includes sulfuric acid (a byproduct of sulfide copper ore), used in other industrial applications and gypsum, a substance commonly found in the residential drywall.
Much of reason why the railroad is so successful today is thanks to Jack Jacobson, a forward and frank manager that expects his employees to give nothing less than 100% while on the job.
At the same time, however, respect is something mutual at the CBRY and
it is this important quality that has his team working so hard for
their boss. The trait was learned from his father and is a significant
reason why he was able to work his way up the ranks at Union Pacific
after signing on in 1969 following a tour in Vietnam. He spent more
than 13 years at the company until the takeover of Missouri Pacific in
1982 saw Jacobson lose interest after he disapproved of how new
management was running the railroad. So, he moved on and was asked by
Rail Management Corporation's Earl Durden to take over a new shortline
operation in 1985, the Copper Basin Railway.
It took some time for Jacobson to get his employees hired and
rail operations running as fluidly as he had hoped but things were
humming along by the early 1990s, so much so that in 1994 he was
recognized by Railway Age as "Railroader of the Year." After
more than 25 years of heading the CBRY Jacobson no longer has to be on
physically on the property as often as he once did. This is because
most of his staff has been on the railroad for so long that they know
exactly what is expected. Of course, he is never far away; fail to get a
train dispatched on time and you will probably be hearing
from him! He also makes routine evaluations of the property at least
twice a week. Simply put, the Copper Basin is one of the best organized
and managed shortlines running anywhere in the country. For the past several years the CBRY has fleeted a locomotive roster made
up entirely of Electro-Motive Geeps that include GP9s, GP18s, and three
different variations of the GP39.
Copper Basin Railway Diesel Locomotive Roster
|EMD||GP9||204, 208||Ex-NP, Ex-CB&Q||2|
|EMD||GP39-2||403, 501-502||Ex-Kennecott Copper||3|
(Thanks to Steve Schmollinger's piece, "Who is Jake Jacobson...and why are his men willing to follow him anywhere?," from the October, 2001 issue of
Trains magazine for a reference in writing this article.
The future of the railroad looks
quite strong, particularly as long as Mr. Jacobson is at the helm and
there is copper ore to be mined. In August, 2009 the Copper Basin did
change hands when it was purchased by Sterlite, Inc. Aside from the
railroad's UP interchange it also switches cars with the San Manuel Arizona Railroad just south of Hayden at SMAAR Junction. This shortline runs southward to San Manuel
where another smelter/concentrator is located. For railfans who may
want to check out the shortline's operations, Mike Derrick notes that
they are very friendly and open to visitors who want to either see
operations firsthand and/or take photos. However, please be sure
to check in at the railroad's offices before doing so and never attempt
to escort yourself around company property without an employee with you.
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Copper Basin Railway