The Daylight

The Daylight, Southern Pacific’s original train that later became an entire fleet, was one of the most successful and recognized streamliners of all time even rivaling the Santa Fe’s legendary Super Chief.

Interestingly, however, only one was a long distance train as the rest were regional runs which served several different Californian cities.

The popularity of the train remained incredibly high for many years even through the early 1960s.  However, by the latter half of that decade the Southern Pacific began greatly reducing services and amenities on its fleet as patronage declined. 

By that time the railroad grew increasingly disinterested in operating passenger trains resulting in its fabled Daylight fleet coming to an unceremonious end in the early 1970s. 

Today, a version of this successful fleet remains under Amtrak as the popular Coast Starlight.  In addition, Southern Pacific 4-8-4 #4449 remains operable as does a handful of original Daylight cars. 

Much like the Pennsylvania Railroad was an institution to its home state of Pennsylvania, so too was the Southern Pacific in California.  

Southern Pacific 4-8-4 #4452 (GS-4) departs Los Angeles with train #99, the northbound/westbound "Coast Daylight," on the morning of December 30, 1953. Robert Slocum photo.

A Brief History Of The "Daylights"

Also just like the Pennsy, the Southern Pacific (also referred to affectionately as the “Espee” by railfans and historians after its SP reporting marks) has such a history that entire libraries of books could be written on the differing aspects of the railroad.

The SP was by far our country’s single largest classic railroad (i.e., before the modern-day merger movement began in the 1950s), spanning over 15,000 miles and reaching from the stretches of northwest Oregon to southeast Louisiana! 

The Southern Pacific has a whole host of renowned achievements it is credited with, far too many to go into detail here.

However, to name a few it had three important main lines which continue as important arteries under Union Pacific today, the Overland Route (San Francisco to the Midwest), the Golden State Route (the Southwest to Kansas City), and the Sunset Route (the Pacific Coast to the Gulf Coast).

Southern Pacific's Fabled Daylight Fleet And Other Trains

Argonaut: (Los Angeles - New Orleans)

Cascade: (Oakland - Portland)

Golden State:  (Los Angeles - Chicago via Tucumcari in conjunction with the Rock Island)

San Joaquin Daylight: (Oakland - Los Angeles via Bakersfield)

Shasta Daylight:  (Oakland - Portland)

Starlight: (San Francisco - Los Angeles)

Sunbeam/Hustler: (Houston - Dallas)

Sunset Limited: (Originally San Francisco - New Olreans, later Los Angeles - New Orleans)

Southern Pacific 4-8-4 #4459 (GS-5) has westbound train #99, the "Coast Daylight," departing Los Angeles (Los Angeles - San Francisco) on April 12, 1953. Donald Duke photo.

"Daylight" Locomotives

The Southern Pacific’s famed Daylight has its beginnings dating back to early 1937 when on March 21st it was inaugurated as an all-streamlined passenger train serving Los Angeles and San Francisco. Up front was a Golden State, 4-8-4 steam locomotive built by the Lima Locomotive Works.

These 4-8-4s were listed as Espee’s GS-2 class and featured handsome streamlining that would become legendary. The livery, which would also go down in history as one of the all-time classics, chosen for the train was designed by the railroad’s own Charles Eggleston of red, orange, and black. 

What made the train so successful was as much of the route it followed as the amenities aboard. Views along the way from San Francisco included the Santa Clara Valley in all of its splendor, surf-side along the Pacific Ocean, and the Santa Margarita Range.

Essentially, many of the best views that California had to offer could be witnessed right outside the windows of the Daylight. While the views outside were spectacular, the services inside were just as good.

In this Southern Pacific publicity photo a young lady waves to train #99, the "Coast Daylight," as it accelerates away from Camarillo, California and past a big pepper tree during the late 1950's. Up front is an interesting mix of power including what SP referenced as PA-3 #6040 along with E7B #5902 and an E9A.

The SP spared no expensive on the train, and it showed. Aside from the incredible outdoor views the train’s keynote feature was an articulated, two or three-car diner-tavern-lounge that offered open, unimpeded space between all three cars due to a new design feature from Pullman-Standard.

1952 Consist

This design removed the bulkheads between cars and created an open walkway space between them to look as if all three were one. On top of all of this the train was entirely air-conditioned, a rare treat in the late 1930s.

1958 Consist

According to the Southern Pacific's 1938 timetable the Daylight, listed as Trains #98 (southbound) and #99 (northbound), left San Francisco's 3rd Street Station at 8:15 am and arrive in Los Angeles by 6 pm that evening, clipping the Pacific coastline most of the way.

The train also offered connecting service via Oakland and Fruitvale to San Jose. There were other experiences like it, especially if you loved the beach and warm weather. The train carried an average train speed of nearly 50 mph and could complete its trip in under 10 hours.  

In this Southern Pacific publicity photo 2-10-2 #3731 (F-5) leads 4-8-4 #4423 (GS-3) with train #98, the southbound/eastbound "Coast Daylight," as the consist drifts downgrade over Stenner Creek Trestle and towards San Luis Obispo during the 1950's. The Santa Fe was assisting on the climb from Santa Margarita.

It was an extraordinarily popular train that within a few years of its inauguration had the highest ridership numbers in the country. Demand for the train became so high by the late 1930s that the Southern Pacific simply had no way to meet the need. 

"Coast Daylight" Timetable (1938)

(The below Daylight timetable is dated effective July of 1938.)

Read Down Time/Leave (Train #98) Milepost Location Read Up
Time/Arrive (Train #99)
8:15 AM (Dp)0.0
San Francisco, CA (3rd & Townsend Street Station)
6:00 PM (Ar)
9:08 AM (Ar)47
San Jose, CA
5:02 PM (Dp)
Time/Leave (Train #250/Connection) Milepost Location Time/Arrive (Train #255/Connection)
7:00 AM (Dp)0.0
San Francisco, CA (Ferry Building)
7:32 PM (Ar)
7:30 AM4
Oakland Pier, CA (Via Ferry)
7:00 PM
7:39 AM7
Oakland, CA
6:52 PM
7:47 AM10
Fruitvale, CA
6:42 PM
8:55 AM (Ar)10
San Jose, CA
5:08 PM (Dp)
Time/Leave (Train #98) Milepost Location Time/Arrive (Train #99)
9:10 AM (Dp)47
San Jose, CA
5:00 PM (Ar)
10:32 AM115
Salinas, CA
3:39 PM
1:07 PM (Ar)248
San Luis Obispo, CA
12:58 PM (Dp)
1:12 PM (Dp)248
San Luis Obispo, CA
12:53 PM (Ar)
3:35 PM (Ar)367
Santa Barbara, CA
10:35 AM (Dp)
3:38 PM (Dp)367
Santa Barbara, CA
10:32 AM (Ar)
5:38 PM465
Glendale, CA
8:39 AM
6:00 PM (Ar)471
Los Angeles, CA
8:15 AM (Dp)
A parlor-observation brings up the end of Southern Pacific's northbound/westbound "Daylight" as it passes through the orchards of Hope Ranch, a few miles west of Santa Barbara, California.

As it waited for new equipment to arrive from Pullman-Standard the SP launched a second Daylight using mostly older, heavyweight equipment.

When the railroad finally did receive its new equipment it setup three San Francisco – Los Angeles runs of the train called the Morning Daylight, Noon Daylight, and Night Daylight.

Quickly realizing it was on to something the Southern Pacific decided to launch an entire fleet offering regional service to many California cities. 

These trains included the Lark (which served LA – San Francisco at night it was adorned in an interesting, but catchy two-tone gray livery), San Joaquin Daylight (Oakland – Los Angeles), and the Sacramento Daylight (Sacramento – Lathrop).  For more reading about the classic Daylights please click here.

A Southern Pacific publicity photo featuring 4-8-4 #4458 (GS-5) ahead of train #99, the "Coast Daylight" (Los Angeles - San Jose - San Francisco) boarding at Santa Barbara, California during the 1950s. The fully air-conditioned train offered chair cars (coaches), coffee shop car, tavern car, parlor (with drawing room), and parlor-observation.

The fleet remained very successful through the early 1960s but even the Southern Pacific with its vast array of popular and extravagant passenger trains (others of which included the Sunset Limited and long distance Shasta Daylight) just could not compete with the age of the automobile and super-fast jet airliner.

Most of the SP’s fleet had disappeared by the time of Amtrak in 1971, although its original, now named the Coast Daylight remained and was initially kept under Amtrak although was eventually terminated in favor of the Coast Starlight.

This new train now operates over the Southern Pacific’s old tracks between LA and Portland, following virtually the same route as the Shasta Daylight and is today one of Amtrak’s most popular trains.

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