The Lark

During the first half of the 20th century in particular the Southern Pacific railroad was a legend within its home state, particularly for the top-level services it offered the public with its passenger trains. The company was a top choice of Hollywood's elite with trains like the Sunset Limited, Daylights, Golden State, Argonaut, and numerous others. Another of these was the Lark, a train initiated by the SP in the early 1940s to accommodate business travelers or others wishing to travel between Los Angeles and Oakland, and arriving for the early morning. It was an all-Pullman affair and just like its other famous trains provided a high level of service that its travelers had come to expect. 

The train remained a successful run for many years but the onset of jetliners and new interstates eventually caused the train's downfall and by the late 1960s the Southern Pacific had discontinued the train.  Photographer Drew Jacksich was on the train's last run in 1968 and a few of his images from that trip are featured on this page.

A Southern Pacific publicity photo featuring E7's, led by #6002, ahead of train #76, the overnight "Lark," within the Chatsworth Mountains during the 1950's.

In late March, 1937 the Espee unveiled its first streamliner, the wildly popular Daylight between Los Angeles and San Francisco. The folks of California were completely enamored by the new train, which spared no expense in offering the public a world-class streamliner and because of this it quickly became a favorite amongst the state's elite despite the fact that it was only a regional dayliner that completed a run in just 10 hours. The train would spawn an entire fleet of Daylights with names like the Shasta Daylight, Sacramento Daylight, and San Joaquin Daylight. Another reason for the trains' success was its paint scheme, designed by SP's own Charles Eggleston's who came up with a legendary blend of red, orange, and black which was perfectly suited for the environment in which they operated.

Southern Pacific's Fabled Fleet Of Trains

Argonaut: (Los Angeles - New Orleans)

Cascade: (Oakland - Portland)

The Daylight Fleet:  (San Francisco - Los Angeles)

Golden State:  (Los Angeles - Chicago via Tucumcari in conjunction with the Rock Island)

Owl: (San Francisco - Los Angeles)

San Joaquin Daylight: (Oakland - Los Angeles via Bakersfield)

Shasta Daylight:  (Oakland - Portland)

Sunset Limited: (Originally San Francisco - New Olreans, later Los Angeles - New Orleans)

Southern Pacific's final northbound/westbound "Lark," train #75, is seen here boarding passengers at Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal at around 8 PM on the night of April 7, 1968. Led by SDP45 #3206 it will soon head for San Francisco and enter the realm of history. Drew Jacksich photo.

With the success of these trains the Southern Pacific felt that they needed an overnight version to complement the others. So, in May, 1940 the railroad went back to Pullman-Standard for more cars, which helped unveil more Daylights as well as the new streamlined Lark. The train was just as elaborate as its daytime counterparts offering high-class services as an all-Pullman and nearly all-sleeper overnight run up and down the Coast Line between L.A. and San Francisco. Of the original 18-car consist all but five of the cars were sleepers. Two of these cars were head end equipment and included a modernized heavyweight baggage and baggage-RPO (Railway Post Office). The other "three" included a unique semi-articulated set that was used as a lounging area for passengers when not sleeping or in their room.

Taken from on-board the final run of Southern Pacific's train #75, the overnight "Lark" (Los Angeles - San Francisco), arriving in San Francisco on the morning of April 8, 1968. Drew Jacksich photo.

Specifically, Southern Pacific called this set of cars a Lark Club diner-tavern-lounge and offered not only incredible relaxation but also fine dining, the best the railroad and Pullman had to offer. For power the train featured one of the SP's classic Class GS-4 4-8-4 steam locomotives adorned in the railroad's noted Daylight livery. However, the cars were somewhat different. In a creative twist the Espee painted the equipment a two-tone grey (similar to the New York Central's "Great Steel Fleet" livery) with white pinstriping to denote it as an overnight run. Officially, the Lark hit the rails on July 1910, 1941 departing San Francisco's Third Street Station at 9 P.M. and arriving at Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal (LAUPT) by 8:30 A.M. the following morning, perfect for anyone on a business trip that had to be at either city at that time of day.

Southern Pacific FP7 #6460 is ahead of the eastbound "Lark" at San Jose, California during a March evening in 1967. Drew Jacksich photo.

(The below Lark timetable is dated effective October of 1967.  For additional timetable and consist information please click here.)

Read Down Time/Leave (Train #76) Milepost Location Read Up
Time/Arrive (Train #75)
9:00 PM (Dp)0.0
San Francisco, CA (3rd & Townsend Street Station)
8:30 AM (Ar)
9:28 PM16
Burlingame, CA
7:59 AM
9:57 PM30
Palo Alto, CA
7:37 AM
10:15 PM (Ar)47
San Jose, CA
7:13 AM (Dp)
10:28 PM (Dp)47
San Jose, CA
6:55 AM (Ar)
11:29 PM (Ar)97
Watsonville Junction, CA
5:48 AM (Dp)
11:35 PM (Dp)97
Watonsville Junction, CA
5:40 AM (Ar)
12:05 AM114
Salinas, CA
5:19 AM
1:46 AM212
Paso Robles, CA
3:29 AM
3:08 AM (Ar)248
San Luis Obispo, CA
2:25 AM (Dp)
3:18 AM (Dp)248
San Luis Obispo, CA
2:15 AM (Ar)
F 3:50 AM273
Guadalupe, CA
F 1:28 AM
F 4:20 AM299
Surf, CA
F 12:55 AM
5:36 AM (Ar)367
Santa Barbara, CA
11:44 PM (Dp)
5:43 AM (Dp)367
Santa Barbara, CA
11:34 PM (Ar)
6:26 AM394
Ventura, CA
10:45 PM
6:41 AM404
Oxnard, CA
10:23 PM
8:05 AM464
Glendale, CA
9:20 PM
8:30 AM (Ar)470
Los Angeles, CA (Union Passenger Terminal)
9:00 PM (Dp)

In total the train could handle 228 patrons and because of the corridor it served was typically always full. The train carried the unique status of being the only all-Pullman, all-bedroom streamliner to operate entirely in one state. Of course, as aforementioned it was capable of doing so successfully due to the region it served. Despite this, however, the train fell on tough times not long after World War II had ended. During this time ridership was relatively good but SP offered so many different Daylight services up and down California that there simply was not enough ridership to support them all. For instance, in the early 1940s the Noon Daylight was discontinued due to the fact that it ran along the same corridor as the Morning Daylight at roughly the same time of day.  For much more information about the SP's passenger services, such as timetables, brochures, and historic advertisements please click here.

In this night scene Southern Pacific FP7 #6460 leads the eastbound "Lark" as the train makes a stop at San Jose's Cahill Street Station during March of 1967. In these final years the Espee became increasingly fed up with passenger services. Drew Jacksich photo.

In 1957 the Lark lost its all-Pullman status when it was combined with the Starlight, which operated the same overnight corridor but as an all-coach affair. Reductions for the train continued through the 1960s as the train became smaller and smaller. To make matters worse, during this time the Southern Pacific had lost virtually all interest in passenger operations, a stark contrast to just 20 or so years earlier when it was one of the pioneering companies for streamliner service. Finally, the railroad pulled the plug on the train in 1968 as it made its final run in April of that year. During this final days a typical consist of the train included a single sleeper, a snack car, two reclining seat coaches, and a baggage; a far cry from when it debuted in 1941.

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Header Photo: Drew Jacksich

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A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way.  Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country.  Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that.  If you are researching active or abandoned corridors you might want to check out the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Historical Topographic Map Explorer.  It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country.  Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page!

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You will be hard pressed at finding a better online resource regarding diesel locomotives than Craig Rutherford's  The website contains everything from historic (fallen flags) to contemporary (Class I's, regionals, short lines, and even some museums/tourist lines) rosters, locomotive production information, technical data, all notable models cataloged by the five major builders (American Locomotive, Electro-Motive, General Electric, Fairbanks-Morse, and Baldwin), and much more.  A highly recommended database!

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In 1998 a gentleman by the name of Andre Kristopans put together a web page highlighting virtually every unit every out-shopped by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division.  Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his site (another fine resource).  If you are researching anything EMD related please visit this page first.  The information includes original numbers, serials, and order numbers.