While Vermont railroads once featured celebrated lines like the Rutland Railroad, Boston & Maine, Central Vermont, and Delaware & Hudson, unfortunately it carries a similar statistic that most New England states would rather not have; it now longer enjoys Class I rail service. Despite this the Green Mountain State continues to be served by two, Class II's (New England Central and the Vermont Rail System) along with a handful of short lines. The Vermont Railway also operates the Green Mountain Railroad, a popular tourist attraction offering guests spectacular views of the Vermont countryside. If you are interested in visiting New England this a fantastic way to see its splendor, especially during the fall.
Historically, Vermont was the home of the Rutland; a fabled New England carrier that shutdown in 1961. The railroad offered photographers bucolic settings of a local freights passing through small towns during simpler times. It was once a common sight to catch trains loading milk at the depot when this product regularly traveled by train. Today, much of the old Rutland remains in use under the Vermont Railway although the quiet charm has long since passed.
Vermont railroads date back to 1843 when the Vermont Central Railroad was chartered to connect Windsor with Burlington, a distance of roughly 103 miles. The first segment was completed in June of 1848 connecting White River Junction with Bethel, and the entire line was opened on December 31st, 1849. The railroad eventually became part of the Central Vermont Railway, a fabled New England line that eventually connected northern/central Vermont with central Massachusetts, reaching as far south as New London, Connecticut.
At the railroad's height of independence it controlled the Rutland Railroad but bankruptcy in the late 19th century forced it to lose control of the nearby company. Soon after in the early 20th century the Central Vermont came under the control of the Grand Trunk Railway, a Canadian National subsidiary. It remained under CN control until 1995 when it was sold to the New England Central Railroad, an important shortline system in the region.
While Vermont was home to railroads like the B&M, Central
Vermont, and D&H perhaps its most legendary railroad was the Rutland
Railroad, which even named itself after the state, The Green Mountain Gateway. Today, Vermont railroads, along with the Vermont Rail System are the
realm of regionals and shortlines like the Montreal, Maine &
Atlantic Railway, Claremont Concord Railroad, Clarendon & Pittsford
Railroad, New Hampshire Central Railroad, St. Lawrence & Atlantic
Railway, Vermont Railway, Washington County Railroad, New England
Central Railroad and Pan Am Railways.
* By New England standards, Vermont's first railroad was not constructed until relatively late when the Vermont Central Rail Road (VCRR) was incorporated by the state in late 1843. The road's purpose, conceived by Charles Paine, was to not only link Vermont with the rest of New England but also transport its agriculture (notably cheese and milk) and marble to market. Construction was launched in 1845 and the first section, about 25.5 miles, opened between Bethel, Vermont and White River Junction in the summer of 1848. Throughout the 19th century the company continued to expand and grow, becoming one of the region's largest. Unfortunately, it became overextended and fell into bankruptcy in 1896, emerging two years later in 1898 as the Central Vermont Railway. The CV became a Canadian National subsidiary for decades until it was spun-off in 1995. The original route remains in regular service today.
Additionally, passenger service can still be found in the Green Mountain State with Amtrak operating the Vermonter between St. Albans and Washington D.C. and the Ethan Allen Express between Rutland and New York City. Historically, Vermont was never home to any important or significant streamlined passenger trains although lines like the Rutland, D&H, and Boston & Maine offered local/regional service to the state. Lastly, Vermont railroads offer some of the most spectacular excursion trains in the country with the Green Mountain Railroad offering splendid views of the Vermont countryside aboard one of its many tourist trains. Also, be sure and visit the New England Transportation Museum to learn more about Vermont's railroad history.
For more information on Vermont railroads in terms of route mileage over the years please refer to the chart above. Today, Vermont railroads operate over 500 miles of track although at one time the Green Mountain State featured a rail network of nearly 1,100 miles. While not a particularly large number the state was once an important agricultural producer, particularly in milk and related products which sustained the Rutland for years. Today, many of the state's secondary and branch lines that served these farming interests have long since been abandoned as it retains just 52% of its original rail infrastructure (which is about average for most states, which have seen similar declines).