Yakima Valley Transportation Company

Last revised: October 1, 2022

By: Adam Burns

The Yakima Valley Transportation Company, which served the city of Yakima, Washington, was nothing more than another one of the many interurban operations which sprang up around the country.

The railroad gained fame due to its longevity, operating well into the 1980s and during that time continue to use boxcab electric locomotives to move freight. 

Today, much of the YVT's original main line remains preserved thanks in part to the city of Yakima and Union Pacific (which controlled the railroad for most of its existence) which worked to keep the original line intact as much as possible. Because so of the YVT remains today it is on the National Register of Historic Places and is a major tourist attraction for the city of Yakima.

In a sense, the YVT was an extension of Yakima's local streetcar lines.  As Dr. George Hilton and John Due point out in their book, "The Electric Interurban Railways In America," the operation began around 1906. 

It subsequently branched out from the town to Wide Hollow in 1907, Henrybro in 1910, Wiley City in 1911, and Speyers (via Selah) in 1913.  From the earliest years the operation was a Union Pacific subsidiary.

Photos

Yakima Valley Transportation steeple-cab #298 trundles along 6th Street in Yakima, Washington with a cut of boxcars from the nearby Selah packing houses during August of 1971. Drew Jacksich photo.

History

The YYT has a history which dates back as the Yakima Inter-Valley Traction Company, which was chartered on June 2, 1906. The YIVT was mostly just a paper company, never really completing any construction or major building projects.

However, it was able to acquire the rights from the city to operate streetcars through 1947. A year later, in July, 1907 the Yakima Valley Transportation Company was formed and purchased the YIVT's charter, soon afterward beginning construction. 

At A Glance

Headquarters
Yakima, Washington
States Served
Washington
Dates Of Operation
December 16, 1907 - 1985
Formation Date
July, 1907
Genesis
Inter-Valley Traction Company (June 2, 1906)
Route Miles
42.61
Track Gauge
4 Feet, 8 ½ Inches
Principal Lines

Yakima - Ahtanum - Wiley City

Yakima - Selah - Speyers

Reporting Mark
YVT
Successor
Union Pacific

For the first year or so of operations the YVT completed lines directly in and around Yakima, receiving its first three trolley cars in September, 1908 (before this the railroad rented cars from nearby Tacoma).

Just two years after the railroad began operations it was sold to the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company, a Union Pacific subsidiary. From thence forward the YVT remained a wholly-owned part of the UP for nearly 80 years.

The Union Pacific, is today the largest and one of the most powerful railroads in the country; it has been with us since 1862, some 149 years. The Union Pacific is far older than any other American Class I railroad today with the Kansas City Southern in a nearby second at 111 years.

Yakima Valley Transportation steeple-cab #298 runs the line to Selah, Washington in July of 1978. Drew Jacksich photo.

In that time the railroad has become not only one of the most highly respected institutions in the nation but also has seen nearly every major railroading event in our country's history, and accordingly has a very long and storied history. 

Under UP ownership the YVT began expanding its operation to tap nearby agricultural resources to increase its freight volume. Two years after purchasing the property, in 1911, the UP had a direct connection to the YVT, via a branch that veered from its Portland to Spokane main line.

Yakima Valley line car A works along the branch to Wiley City as it removes catenary from the abandoned line during August of 1971. This car still survives as part of the nearby museum celebrating the interurban's history. Drew Jacksich photo.

Now connected to the national network the YVT could begin not only shipping out the freight it generated but also be in a position to better market itself. By 1920 the YYT had reached its largest size, some 48 miles, all of which were electrified.

Mostly this trackage was spread in and around the city of Yakima. However, it did have two branches of notable length upon which it mostly served freight customers: one branch connected Yakima to Henrybro/Ahtanum to the southwest (a distance of 9.7 miles according the railroad's official timetable) while the other branch veered northward to Selah (a distance of 4.8 miles according to the timetable).  

Timetable (1930)

Yakima Valley's listing in the 1930 Official Guide. Author's collection.

As early as 1921 the YVT began scaling back its operations, as interurban passenger services became less and less profitable. In 1926 the railroad sought to end its inner-city passenger operations but was denied. However, by 1934 it was able to suspend these services along its lines outside of the city.

Yakima Valley's listing in the 1969 Official Guide. Author's collection.

During this time it began retiring unneeded trolley cars and replacing these with boxcab and steeplecab electric locomotives, many of which were purchased from General Electric to use in freight service.  Once the YVT's original charter expired in October, 1947 its new franchise negotiated with the city allowed the railroad to totally abandon passenger services in favor of buses.

YVT motor #298 enters Union Pacific's yard at Yakima with a short cut of boxcars during August of 1971. Drew Jacksich photo.

Final Years

However, even the buses proved to be quite unprofitable and the YVT sold this operation to a private company by 1957.  For the rest of the Yakima Valley Transportation Company's days it concentrated on serving its remaining freight customers and interchanging this traffic with Union Pacific.

By the 1980s, however, the little railroad's freight traffic had mostly dried up and by April, 1984 the UP officially asked to abandon the operation, which was granted by the ICC a year later in 1985. 

However, at this time the city of Yakima stepped in and asked Union Pacific if it would be willing to donate the remaining 14.5 miles to them, since they already had been operating excursions over the entire route since 1974 and by 1983 a group had been established to oversee it, the Yakima Interurban Lines Association.  The large Class I agreed and gave the city everything except freight motors #296 and #297.


This was once a common sight throughout Yakima; motor #298 meanders along 6th and Pine Streets as it returns to the carbarn nearby after a days work at the packing houses in Selah during August of 1971. Drew Jacksich photo.

While the railroad did not give Yakima the original carbarn it did lease it to them, and the city eventually purchased this outright in 2008. In total the city received the track, overhead wire, the original substation, 1909 "Line car" A, and GE steeple cab #298 (built in 1922). 

Unfortunately, the city lost the original branch line to Henrybro/Ahtanum as Congdon Orchards, Inc. successfully sued to revert the right-of-way back to private ownership. Thus, today, only the 4.8 northern branch to Selah remains active.

Despite this, since so much of the original YVT remains preserved it is well worth the visit and ride aboard the historic railroad, which is now under the direction of the Yakima Valley Trolleys Association (the Yakima Interurban Lines Association was dissolved in 2000).

  1. Home
  2.  ›
  3. Fallen Flags
  4.  ›
  5. Yakima Valley Transportation

Recent Articles

  1. Pacific Great Eastern Railway

    Oct 02, 22 12:20 PM

    The Pacific Great Eastern, which became the British Columbia Railway after 1972, was the third largest system in Canada. CN acquired the property in 2004.

    Read More

  2. N&W 2-6-6-4 (Class A) Locomotives

    Oct 02, 22 11:53 AM

    Norfolk & Western's famous Class A 2-6-6-4's were simple expansion designs built during the late steam era. They moved freight and passengers until the 1950s.

    Read More

  3. 2-6-6-4 Steam Locomotives

    Oct 02, 22 11:06 AM

    The 2-6-6-4 was a late era steam design, one of the finest ever built. Four railroads operated them, most notable of which was the N&W's Class A fleet.

    Read More

  4. Northern Alberta Railways

    Oct 02, 22 10:52 AM

    The Northern Alberta Railways was a consolidated system, once jointly owned by CN and CP, that served its home territory. It disappeared into CN in 1981.

    Read More

  5. Yakima Valley Transportation

    Oct 01, 22 08:38 PM

    The Yakima Valley Transportation Company began life in 1906 as an interurban serving its namesake city in Washington. Because of its profitable freight business it was purchased by UP in the 1950s.

    Read More


SteamLocomotive.com

Wes Barris's SteamLocomotive.com is simply the best web resource on the study of steam locomotives. 

It is difficult to truly articulate just how much material can be found at this website. 

It is quite staggering and a must visit!