Wabash Railroad: "Follow The Flag"

While it was only a Midwestern bridge line the Wabash Railroad carried a fascinating heritage. It earned pop culture status thanks to the folk song "The Wabash Cannonball" (which eventually led to a train of the same name) and flew a legendary logo with the slogan, "Follow The Flag." 

Its corporate history was a roller-coaster affair of prosperity and struggle.  During its formative years the company did relatively well until Jay Gould gained control in the late 1870's.  

This ruthless speculator tried to incorporate it into his planned transcontinental system but the scheme failed when overextended financing led to bankruptcy. 

Gould retained ownership and his son later inherited the empire in 1896.  When George also ran into monetary trouble, just over a decade later, the family's involvement forever ended.  

The Wabash prospered after this time thanks to its many key corridors which handled a diversified traffic base.  Its modern network was slightly over 2,000 route miles reaching Detroit, Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City, Omaha, and even Buffalo thanks to a trackage rights agreement.  

The mighty Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) acquired stock ownership during the depression era whereupon the Wabash remained a subsidiary until Norfolk & Western's takeover in 1964.  Today, many of its principal routes remain in use.  

A pair of handsome Wabash PA-1's are stopped at Delmar Station in University City, Missouri (St. Louis) with a northbound/westbound passenger train during the 1960's. Author's collection.


A Complicated History

Their stories may have been very different but the Wabash and New York, Chicago & St. Louis (Nickel Plate Road) were quite similar; they were roughly the same size, served many of the same markets, and prospered during the 20th century.  

In addition, both wound up as components of a greatly expanded Norfolk & Western during the mid-1960's.  For the Wabash, its path to success was far rockier and uncertain.  

Things began amid great fervor when Illinois passed a transportation improvement act during 1837 which sought to interlink the state with 1,342 miles of new railroad at a cost of $10 million.  

One part of this endeavor was the Northern Cross Railroad, projected to connect Quincy and the Indiana state line at Danville, via Springfield and Decatur.  The entire scheme was a dismal failure although it did manage to complete 56 miles between Meredosia and Springfield by October of 1841 before money ran out. 

According to historian Mike Schafer's book, "More Classic American Railroads," a little 4-2-0 named Rogers was the first locomotive to operate in Illinois when it rumbled over the initial 8 miles between Meredosia and Morgan City on November 8, 1838.

As the Northern Cross struggled the state decided to lease the property in hopes of turning around its fortunes.  Private interests took over in May of 1842 but, unfortunately, their efforts also proved futile.  With the no relief in sight it was sold on April 26, 1847 to Nicholas Ridgely, a successful Springfield speculator.  

Wabash E8A #1012 arrives at Tolono, Illinois with Train #4, the eastbound "Wabash Cannonball," as it eases across the Illinois Central diamonds on October 28, 1962. Roger Puta photo.

Although he played a rather inconsequential role in the company's history, he is credited with providing it a solid financial footing.  He subsequently sold part of his interest to businessmen Thomas Mather of Springfield and James Dunlap of Jacksonville who reorganized it as the Sangamon & Morgan Railroad. 


Wabash Railroad's Passenger Services

Banner Blue: (Chicago - St. Louis)

Blue Bird:  (Chicago - St. Louis)

City of Kansas City: (St. Louis - Kansas City)

City of St. Louis: (St. Louis - Denver - Cheyenne - Los Angeles)

Des Moines Limited: (St. Louis - Des Moines)

Detroit Arrow: (Chicago - Detroit)

Detroit Limited: (St. Louis - Detroit)

Kansas City Express: (St. Louis - Kansas City)

Midnight Limited: (St. Louis - Kansas City)

Omaha Limited: (St. Louis - Omaha)

Pacific Coast Special: (St. Louis - Pacific Coast)

Red Bird: (Chicago - Detroit)

St. Louis Limited: (Detroit - St. Louis)

St. Louis Limited: (Des Moines/Omaha - St. Louis)

St. Louis Special: (Kansas City - St. Louis)

The Midnight: (Chicago - St. Louis)

"Wabash Cannon Ball": (St. Louis - Detroit)

They spent considerable money to restore rail service and then sold their stake to New York City investors for $100,000. 

On July 22, 1849 trains began running once more while the western rail-head was extended from Meredosia to nearby Naples.  On February 13, 1853 another reorganization took place, this time as the Great Western Railroad. 

It was under this title that considerable expansion occurred; by November of 1856 rails had reached Danville, as well as connections with the Illinois Central, (then the country's largest railroad) which opened new traffic opportunities.

Just as things were looking up the financial Panic of 1857 led to another reorganization as the Great Western Rail Road (GWRR).  

This latest entity had only been in operation for a few years when it merged with the Toledo & Western Rail Road (T&W) in June of 1865 to create the Toledo, Wabash & Western Railway (TW&W).  

The T&W was a consolidation itself that had been formed on October 8, 1858; by connecting with the Great Western at the Illinois/Indiana state line the TW&W boasted a 522-mile network stretching from Quincy and Keokuk, Iowa (reached through GWRR's lease of the Illinois & Southern Iowa Rail Road) to Toledo, Ohio. 

Notable intermediate towns included Lafayette, Peru and Fort Wayne, Indiana.  As author H. Roger Grant points out in his authoritative title, "'Follow The Flag,' A History Of The Wabash Railroad Company," the TW&W was an immediate success thanks to the region's rich agriculture opportunities and rapidly expanding population.  

It carried no outstanding debt and grossed more than $4 million by 1868.  With so much cash available it's not surprising that further growth was soon in order.  

In 1869 it began laying sections of steel rail, in place of iron, and then acquired the Decatur & East St. Louis Rail Road during August of 1870.  This 109-mile carrier connected its namesake cities and provided access into the important gateway city of St. Louis.


Origins Of The Wabash Logo And Slogan, "Follow The Flag"

Origins of the Wabash logo date back to 1886 when the railroad began featuring a flag and banner in red with the words "The Wabash Line" displayed in gold, encompassed within a smaller blue rectangle. 

It proclaimed itself "the Banner Line of the Central States" which was later shortened to "the Banner Route" during the 1890's.  

The Wabash Railroad logo. Author's work.

In 1912 the company adopted the now widely-recognized slogan "Follow The Flag."  While the phrase is most commonly thought to straightforwardly mean use the railroad for all one's shipping and travel needs, Mr. Grant points out it may actually have origins dating back to a 19th century predecessor, the North Missouri Railroad.  

According to the Wabash, "An engine carrying what was known as a pay flag went over the road just the day ahead of the pay car...[for] the purpose of letting all employees know the pay car would come the next day.  From the fact that the pay followed the flag, came the coining of the remark, 'follow the flag.'"  

Whatever may have been the case it was a simple but brilliant marketing tactic which certainly earned the Wabash arguably the most innovative logo and slogan of all time.


Another important lease was the Hannibal & Naples Railroad which reached Hannibal, Missouri along the west bank of the Mississippi River. 

From here, points further west could be accessed.  Once more, just as the railroad seemed poised for greatness, bankruptcy occurred during February of 1875 as a result of 1873's financial panic.

Because it was so well positioned and still garnering respectable business the reorganization was brief.  It emerged on January 10, 1877 as the Wabash Railway, the first of many similar names it would carry during next half-century.  What followed was a whirlwind of activity that saw Jay Gould gain control.  

Wabash E8A #1008 is ahead of the "Detroit Limited" (St. Louis - Detroit) at Decatur, Illinois during June of 1966. Photographer unknown.

It all began when Cornelius "Commodore" Kingsland Garrison acquired the St. Louis, Kansas City & Northern (StLKC&N) in early 1877.  This 582-mile property connected St. Louis with Kansas City while a northern branch from Moberly reached Ottumwa, Iowa.  

Just a year later, in November of 1878, he added the Wabash.  During his brief stint, Garrison did much for both railroads.  By 1879 Gould had acquired a rather substantial block of Wabash stock and then convinced Garrison to sell him the rest while picking up the StLKC&N in the process.

Wabash H24-66 "Train Master" #554 works local service at Saunemin, Illinois on November 24, 1962. Roger Puta photo.

For the man's many shortcomings Gould's efforts created much of the modern Wabash system. After establishing control of both properties he merged them into the new, 1,400-mile Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific (WStL&P) during November of 1879.  

A year later the Wabash got into Chicago when it opened a 90-mile extension north of Strawn, built as the Chicago & Strawn Railway.  

Below this point the previous Wabash Railway had picked up the small Chicago & Paducah Railroad in 1877 that was working on a route from Streator to Effingham (via Strawn), crossing its main line at Bement.  


Wabash System Map (1950s)

To reach Chicago's downtown the Chicago & Western Indiana was utilized, which provided access into Dearborn Station (a facility shared with the Santa Fe, Chesapeake & Ohio, Chicago & Eastern Illinois, Erie Railroad, Grand Trunk Western, and Chicago, Indianapolis & Louisville Railway [Monon]). The first passenger train from Chicago to St. Louis was inaugurated on August 9, 1880.  

As the WStL&P built eastward it also looked to the west and the Council Bluffs/Omaha gateway.  An interchange with the transcontinental Union Pacific was a goal for many Midwestern lines and the WStL&P was no different.  It opened just such a connection in October of 1879 through a combination of lease and new construction.  


Wabash Railroad Timetables (1952)

While all of this was ongoing an extension to Detroit was also underway.  First, the 93-mile Eel River Railroad, connecting Logansport with Butler, Indiana, was leased in 1879.  Then, the Detroit, Butler & St. Louis was incorporated to finish the remaining 114 miles into Detroit. 

The work was finished in short order and the new corridor formally opened on August 14, 1881.  As Gould rapidly expanded the Wabash, mostly by leasing smaller carriers (one particularly notable addition was the Des Moines & St. Louis Railroad, which provided access to Iowa's capital of Des Moines), it ballooned into a major 3,549-mile operation by 1884.  

Unfortunately, in his quest to establish a true coast-to-coast system, he overextended his finances.  One-by-one they fell into bankruptcy, including the WStL&P on May 28, 1884.  

In the aftermath, nearly all of his leased holdings reverted back to their original owners while the core network serving Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, Chicago, Toledo, and Detroit was retained.  

The company emerged from receivership on May 15, 1889 as the Wabash Railroad and in typical Gould fashion, the shrewd railroader managed to retain control.

An Electro-Motive company photo of Wabash E8A #1000 during October of 1951; the unit was originally an E7A outshopped in 1946 but returned to EMD and rebuilt to E8 specifications. Note the new Atlantic Coast Line covered wagons in the background. Author's collection.

In 1896, Gould's empire was handed over to his son, George, who continued his father's transcontinental ambitions.  By the early 20th century the younger tycoon had, once again, nearly accomplished the feat through control of the Missouri Pacific, Western Pacific, Denver & Rio Grande Western, Western Maryland, and Wheeling & Lake Erie along with the Wabash.  

After finishing the W&LE as far as Wheeling, West Virginia, and then extending it eastward into Pittsburgh as the Wabash-Pittsburgh Terminal Railway (completed in 1904), all that remained was a 50-mile segment from Pittsburgh to Connellsville (later built by the Pittsburgh & West Virginia). 

In an ironic twist of fate, the younger Gould also overstretched his available capital and his empire collapsed (the Wabash entered receivership once more on December 26, 1911). 

George's time at the helm did produce two noteworthy legacies, an improved Chicago corridor and access into Buffalo.  

The former was launched in 1891 as the Montpelier & Chicago Rail Road to build a direct route between Detroit/Toledo and Chicago. 

This 150-mile connector split from the Detroit main line at Montpelier, Indiana and officially opened on April 21, 1893.  In the process, long-time trackage rights over the Erie's Chicago & Atlantic were eliminated. 

Reaching Buffalo involved almost no new construction as an agreement was worked out with the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada on January 24, 1898 to lease 230 miles of its system through southern Ontario.  Over time, this trackage became a vital component of the Wabash network.

With E8A #1003 sitting on the Illinois Central diamond, the "Wabash Cannonball" boards at Tolono, Illinois on October 28, 1962. Roger Puta photo.

The Modern Wabash Railroad

With George's financial ruin, Gould involvement ended for good.  The railroad was subsequently sold at foreclosure and reorganized as the Wabash Railway on October 22, 1915.  It contained 2,033 route miles, 321 miles of secondary mileage, and 476 miles of trackage rights.

Once free from the Goulds' influence the Wabash reached new heights.  It achieved operating revenues of more than $40 million just prior to World War I, thanks, in part, to Detroit's expanding automotive industry.  Some of this newfound income was used to bolster infrastructure and purchase new locomotives. 

Then, the United States Railroad Administration took over the national industry, made effective at noon on December 28, 1917.  

The directive was ordered by President Woodrow Wilson in response to fears of national gridlock.  Unfortunately, the government did no better at maintaining fluid operations than the private sector; during this time equipment was rundown and infrastructure inadequately maintained to meet the crushing demand.  

The Wabash survived this ordeal better than most and was returned to private ownership on February 28, 1920 following passage of the Transportation Act.  That decade was generally good (net operating income reached $12.2 million by 1925) and witnessed a series of interesting events unfold.

"Follow The Flag." From left to right; Wabash PA-1 #1053, E8A #1009, and E7A #1001 await their next assignment in May of 1962. Richard Wallin photo.

First, it acquired stock control of the 292-mile Ann Arbor Railroad in 1925, which maintained a linear route between Detroit and the Lake Michigan car-ferry terminal of Frankfort, Michigan (by 1930 it owned more than 99% of Ann Arbor's stock).  

This was all part of a larger effort by board chairman William Williams and Delaware & Hudson president Leonor Loree to create the so-called "Fifth System," a giant Midwestern carrier to rival trunk lines Baltimore & Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.  

This wasn't a new concept and actually fell in line with the Interstate Commerce Commission's plan then to merge all eastern systems (outside of New England) into a handful of large mega-railroads.  The group which actually came closest to achieving this was the Van Sweringen brothers.  

Using the New York, Chicago & St. Louis (Nickel Plate Road) as the nucleus their effort involved forming a 9,200-mile railroad, the so-called "Greater Nickel Plate System."  

As for Loree and Williams, their plan included the Wabash, D&H, Ann Arbor, Lehigh Valley, Pittsburgh & West Virginia, Western Maryland, and Buffao, Rochester & Pittsburgh to create a 7,000+ mile network. Unfortunately, the Fifth System fell through when the ICC refused D&H control of the BR&P.  

In addition, the PRR, which had once oddly endorsed the plan, suddenly turned against it and over time acquired stock control of the Wabash (as well as the LV). 

This takeover led to a bitter court battle, which saw the PRR victorious when a deadlocked Supreme Court on March 19, 1934 stayed an earlier Third Circuit Court of Appeals decision that Penny's takeover would not lessen competition.

Wabash E8A #1003 has train #1, the westbound "Wabash Cannonball," boarding at Tolono, Illinois on October 28, 1962. Roger Puta photo.

In the end, the PRR largely stayed out of Wabash affairs enabling its prominent rise into an important and profitable Midwestern bridge line.  

It suffered one last financial setback, however, when the Great Depression plunged it back into bankruptcy on December 1, 1931.  In 1928 the company enjoyed a net income of more than $11.9 million.  

Alas, this melted to a staggering net lose of $7.05 million by the end of 1931.  While reorganization would require more than a decade the railroad slowly rebounded as the economy recovered; from an operating income that stood at a low of $31.691 million in 1931 the Wabash showed a strengthening bottom line over the next few years.  

It reached $46.133 million in 1937, dipped to just over $40 million a year later, and then boasted a net income of $1.067 million during the first quarter of 1942.  With a bright outlook, it was officially reorganized as the Wabash Railroad Company on January 1, 1942. 

The World War II years witnessed bountiful business, peaking in 1943 when it enjoyed a net income of $8.758 million.  These strong numbers continued in the postwar years as this figure had jumped to $10.997 million by 1948.

A few years after the Norfolk & Western merger, a former Wabash E8A arrives in Decatur, Illinois with train #111, the "Banner Blue," on May 7, 1966. On the next track over can be seen Norfolk & Western GP9 #508 with Train #1, the "Wabash Cannonball." Roger Puta photo.

The Wabash used its healthy earnings to further infrastructure improvements and sought retirement of the steam locomotive, a process completed on July 28, 1955.  

A few years earlier it had also taken part in another industrial transformation, the streamliner, by introducing the City of Kansas City on November 24, 1947.  

It was a daytime train between Kansas City and St. Louis featuring new lightweight equipment from American Car & Foundry that included a standard baggage, baggage-mail, diner, coffee-shop coach, two standard coaches, and an observation parlor car all powered by Electro-Motive's new E7 diesels.  

Wabash FA-2 #820 and other power layover between assignments at Decatur, Illinois on May 20, 1964. As the Alco's nose states, "Follow The Flag." Dick Wallin photo.

Another popular daytime service was the Blue Bird, launched on February 26, 1950 to work the Chicago-St. Louis market.  The train featured a sleek set of Budd-built equipment including a combination baggage-buffet-lounge, three dome chair cars, diner lounge, and dome parlor-observation.

Ironically, the railroad's most legendary train wasn't even born until February 26, 1950 when, thanks to the popularity of the folk classic "The Wabash Cannonball," the railroad introduced a train by that name serving St. Louis and Detroit.


Diesel Locomotive Roster

The American Locomotive Company

Model Type Road Number Date Built Notes
C424B900-B9063/1964#B902 was wrecked in 10/1964, later scrapped.
HH-660100, 1504/1939-3/1940-
S115/1940Ex-Des Moines Union #1, acquired in 1/1962.
S126/1940Ex-New Jersey, Indiana & Illinois #1, acquired in 1961.
S1151-1597/1941-3/1948-
S2310-3218/1942-5/1949-
S23257/1942Ex-Nickel Plate Road #5, acquired in 5/1964.
S4322-3246/1953-
C4251000-10061964Became N&W property before delivery.
PA-11020-1021, 1020A-1021A5/1949-
FA-11200-1204, 1200A-1204A1/1949-3/1949-
FB-11200B-1204B2/1949-3/1949-
FA-2800-82312/1950Ex-Ann Arbor, acquired in 1963.

Baldwin Locomotive Works

Model Type Road Number Date Built Notes
VO-6602007/1941-
DS-4-4-660201-2022/1947-3/1947-
VO-1000300-3039/1942-6/1946-
DS-4-4-10003041/1949-
S12305-3091951-2/1953-

Lima Locomotive Works

Model Type Road Number Date Built Notes
LS-1000*4003/1950Ex-Lima demonstrator #1002, later upgraded to 1,200 horsepower.
LS-1200*401-4114/1950-11/1950#407 was ex-Lima demonstrator #1003. All units were later re-engined with Alco prime movers.

*  Lima's brief catalog of diesel locomotives carried no official model name.

Electro-Motive Division

Model Type Road Number Date Built Notes
SW1101-1114/1939-6/1949-
SW8120-13210/1950-2/1953-
NW2346-3494/1940-8/1941Ex-Nickel Plate Road
NW2350-35312/1946-7/1949-
SW7355-3627/1950-
SW9363-3744/1951-3/1953-
SW1200375-3791/1954-1/1957-
GP7450-4838/1950-1/1953-
GP9484-4951/1954-4/1956-
GP35540-5474/1964-
E7A1000, 1001-1001A, 10025/1949-
E8A1000, 1003-101511/1949-1/1953-
F7A1100-1108, 1100A-1108A, 1140-1189, 1140A-1189A8/1949-4/1953-
F7B1100B-1108B8/1949-6/1950-
F9A1141A3/1959-

Fairbanks Morse

Model Type Road Number Date Built Notes
H10-44380-38311/1946-3/1949-
H12-44384-3863/1953-
H24-66 (Train Master)550-554, 552A-554A4/1956-5/1956-

General Electric

Model Type Road Number Date Built Notes
44-Tonner517/1939-
U25B500-5115/1962-8/1962-
U25B512 (1st)8/1962Wrecked 10/1964.
U25B512 (2nd)2/1965Replaced first #512.
U25B513-5145/1962-8/1962-

The U25B's utilized trucks from traded-in FA-1's.

An American Locomotive builder's photo featuring Wabash "Train Master" #597 at Schenectady, New York during 1964. Built by Fairbanks-Morse, Wabash had its eight H24-66 road-switchers sent to Alco and re-powered with a single 251B prime movers capable of producing 2,350 horsepower.


All-Time Steam Locomotive Roster After 1897 (Abbreviated)

Road Number(s) Class Arrangement Builder Date Built/Notes
78-81A-10-4-0Toledo, Wabash & Western1871
356-358A-20-4-0Pittsburgh6/1880
2A-30-4-0Moberly Shops1888
7, 11, 15, 28, 30, 34-37A-30-4-0Wabash Railroad1881-1887
40, 54, 56-57, 80-81A-30-4-0Wabash Railroad1884-1891
103, 106, 112, 114-117A-30-4-0Wabash Railroad1883-1889
119-120, 157, 159, 178A-30-4-0Wabash Railroad1887-1889
192-194A-30-4-0Wabash Railroad1880-1883
218, 223B-10-6-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1880-1882
4, 22, 32, 105,108-111B-20-6-0Rhode Island10/1888-6/1891
146, 162, 197-198, 202B-20-6-0Rhode Island4/1892
215, 228, 431-435B-20-6-0Rhode Island10/1888-12/1892
268-276B-30-6-0Rebuilt From 2-6-0's (F-2)-
300B-30-6-0Pittsburgh2/1898
1219-1222, 219-222B-40-6-0Rhode Island3/1889-4/1889
501-504B-50-6-0Rhode Island11/1899
505-508B-50-6-0Alco/Richmond1901
509-524B-60-6-0Baldwin10/1903-6/1904
525-536, 547-554B-70-6-0Rhode Island8/1906-10/1906
537-546, 555-566B-70-6-0Baldwin9/1907-5/1912
481-499B-80-6-0Wabash Railroad1/1917-1923
1501-1502C-10-8-0Rebuilt From 2-8-0's (I-2)12/1917
1520-1521C-20-8-0Alco/Brooks9/1920
1525-1544C-30-8-0Alco9/1923
1545-1569C-40-8-0Lima3/1923-4/1926
253-254*D-14-4-0W.H. Bailey12/1877-2/1878
18 ("Camilla")D-24-4-0Mason8/1855
55 ("Maumee")D-24-4-0Mason6/1866
238-240D-24-4-0Mason4/1867-5/1867
83-87, 90-91D-34-4-0Rogers7/1871
257-265D-34-4-0Rogers2/1868-9/1869
273-288D-34-4-0Rogers2/1870-4/1870
368-370D-34-4-0Rogers5/1873
59-62, 64-68D-44-4-0Pittsburgh8/1869-3/1871
70, 72, 76D-44-4-0Pittsburgh4/1871-5/1871
186, 189-191D-44-4-0Pittsburgh7/1873-8/1873
173, 179-180D-54-4-0Schenectady8/1871
199D-64-4-0Cooke9/1873
98-100D-74-4-0Mason4/1872
163, 169-170D-74-4-0Mason4/1871-6/1871
201D-74-4-0Mason5/1872
241-244, 248-249D-74-4-0Mason5/1867-8/1867
359-363D-84-4-0Hinkley1880
181, 183D-94-4-0Pittsburgh8/1873
46 ("John Rose")D-104-4-0Mason7/1863
155-156D-104-4-0Mason8/1870-9/1870
97, 188D-114-4-0Pittsburgh1/1872-7/1873
73, 75, 410D-124-4-0Wabash Railway1879
1082D-124-4-0Rome1885
88-89, 20, 167D-124-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1885-1886
230 ("Hercules")D-134-4-0Schenectady9/1860
232 ("US Grant")D-134-4-0Schenectady1/1865
49/1049, 53/1053D-144-4-0Wabash Railway1878-1879
245/1245D-154-4-0Wabash Railway1879
226-227, 231D-164-4-0Schenectady3/1872
294, 296, 298-303D-174-4-0Rhode Island7/1872
304-311D-184-4-0Baldwin1/1877-7/1877
140, 142D-194-4-0Cooke1866
164D-194-4-0Mason4/1871
10, 237, 6, 251D-204-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1883-1887
151D-214-4-0Rome1885
152D-214-4-0Wabash Railway1879
38, 42, 1050, 51, 52, 77D-224-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1879-1880
125-129, 31, 132, 206D-224-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1880-1881
124, 130-131, 12-14, 63D-224-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1883-1884
69, 71, 93-94, 96, 139D-224-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1884
92D-224-4-0Rome1885
153, 1185, 154, 184, 1195D-224-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1885-1886
200, 1030-1031,150D-224-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1861-1887
182, 74, 19, 161, 176, 1032D-224-4-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1887-1889
3, 1D-224-4-0Moberly Shops1889-1890
12D-224-4-0Wabash Railroad1891
324, 326, 328-340D-234-4-0Rogers6/1880-7/1880
364-365, 466D-244-4-0Hinkley1880-1881
403-406, 467-468D-254-4-0Manchester8/1880-3/1881
471, 473, 475-476D-254-4-0Manchester6/1881-9/1881
564-568, 1569, 570D-264-4-0Rhode Island3/1882-5/1882
1571-1573, 574, 1575D-264-4-0Rhode Island5/1882-10/1882
262-265D-274-4-0Wabash1894 Rebuilds (D-26)
342-344, 394D-284-4-0Rhode Island1/1880-2/1880
579D-284-4-0Rhode Island12/1879
174, 118, 177D-294-4-0Fort Wayne Shops2/1892-8/1892
214, 216, 224D-294-4-0Moberly Shops1/1892-9/1892
175, 325, 327D-294-4-0Springfield Shops12/1891-8/1892
411-422D-294-4-0Rhode Island10/1892-11/1892
651D-304-4-0Springfield Shops3/1899
652-654D-304-4-0Rhode Island8/1899-9/1899
655-659D-304-4-0Baldwin7/1899-12/1899
255-256**D-314-4-0Wabash Railroad11/1899
601-605 (1st)E-14-4-2Baldwin3/1898
606-611 (1st)E-24-4-2Alco/Richmond1901
612-623E-34-4-2Alco/Brooks1903
602-611 (2nd)E-44-4-2Baldwin7/1904
1610-1613E-54-4-2Alco11/1907
1614E-64-4-2Alco6/1909
1016-1017, 1024-1025F-12-6-0Rome11/1884-12/1884
1133-1138, 1143F-12-6-0Rome12/1884-1/1885
1005, 1025, 1029, 1032F-22-6-0Baldwin10/1884-11/1884
1101-1102, 1104, 1107F-22-6-0Baldwin11/1884
1113, 1187, 1204, 1214F-22-6-0Baldwin11/1884
1225, 1576F-22-6-0Baldwin12/1884
225F-32-6-0BaldwinRebuilt From #1225
582, 569, 588, 583F-42-6-0Rhode Island9/1899-10/1899
574-575, 580, 584, 587F-42-6-0Rhode Island9/1899-10/1899
585, 589-590F-42-6-0Rhode Island10/1899
576, 578, 581F-42-6-0Richmond1899
591-594F-42-6-0Richmond1899
596-599F-42-6-0Baldwin7/1899-9/1899
586, 579, 573F-52-6-0Rhode Island10/1899-11/1899
571F-52-6-0Richmond1899
801-834F-62-6-0Alco/Richmond1901
835-866F-62-6-0Alco/Richmond7/1903-11/1903
867-903***F-72-6-0Baldwin6/1904-7/1904
2001-2030G-12-6-2Baldwin8/1906-9/1906
2031-2090G-12-6-2Alco/Rogers9/1907-11/1907
376-381H-14-6-0Rogers2/1881-3/1881
390, 1351, 1353, 1354H-24-6-0Rhode Island6/1880-1/1881
1383, 1481, 1563H-24-6-0Rhode Island12/1880-3/1882
8-9, 27, 203, 205, 229H-34-6-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1887-1889
246-247H-34-6-0Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific1887
23, 95, 1144-1145H-44-6-0Springfield Shops1890-9/1891
257-261**H-54-6-0Baldwin12/1898
345-350, 1351, 352H-64-6-0Rhode Island2/1880-6/1880
1353-1354, 355, 382H-64-6-0Rhode Island6/1880-12/1880
1383, 384-391, 477-480H-64-6-0Rhode Island12/1880-7/1881
1481, 482, 556-562, 1563H-64-6-0Rhode Island3/1882
5, 26, 29, 58, 101-102, 107H-74-6-0Rhode Island6/1890
113, 123, 141, 147, 158, 160H-74-6-0Rhode Island9/1890-9/1891
714-720H-74-6-0Richmond1898
164, 168, 172, 233-236H-74-6-0Rhode Island9/1891-5/1892
423-430H-74-6-0Rhode Island9/1892
347, 391H-84-6-0Moberly Shops6/1899, 8/1899
701-705H-94-6-0Baldwin3/1898
706-710H-94-6-0Pittsburgh3/1898
711H-94-6-0Pittsburgh1898
712-713H-104-6-0Richmond1898
1630-1635H-114-6-0Alco/Richmond1901
636-645H-124-6-0Baldwin8/1904
266-267**I-12-8-0Rhode Island11/1895-1/1896
2150-2166I-22-8-0Alco/Brooks8/1905
2301-2330****I-32-8-0Baldwin9/1906-11/1906
2170-2178I-42-8-0Alco10/1908
2180-2183I-52-8-0Alco12/1909
2350-2352I-62-8-0Alco/Brooks1912
2139-2142I-72-8-0Baldwin7/1895-12/1895
2375I-82-8-0Baldwin2/1892
660-669J-14-6-2Alco/Richmond2/1912
670-675J-14-6-2Baldwin5/1912
1676-1681*****J-24-6-2Wabash Railway10/1916-12/1917
683-699*****J-24-6-2Wabash Railway5/1916-11/1926
2401-2415K-12-8-2Alco/Richmond2/1912
2416-2443K-12-8-2Baldwin5/1912-6/1912
2444-2463K-12-8-2Alco/Pittsburgh12/1912
2201-2220K-22-8-2Alco11/1918
2213-2215, 2218-2219K-22-8-2Baldwin12/1918******
2250-2274K-32-8-2Alco12/1923
2275-2279K-3b2-8-2Alco12/1923
2700-2719K-4b2-8-2Alco2/1925
2720-2744K-42-8-2Alco1/1925
2600-2604K-52-8-2Alco2/1925
2480-2482K-62-8-2Alco/Brooks12/1916
2490-2494K-72-8-2Alco/Brooks7/1923-10/1923
2501-2525L-12-10-2Alco/Brooks7/1917
2550-2553L-22-10-2Baldwin9/1919
2800-2824M-14-8-2Baldwin1/1930-3/1930
2900-2924O-14-8-4Baldwin8/1930-1/1931
700-706P-14-6-4Decatur Shops8/1943-1947
One of the Wabash Railroad's handsome 4-8-2's, #2824 (M-1), is seen here at the terminal in Brooklyn, Illinois (just across the Missouri River from St. Louis) on May 1, 1948. Manufactured by Baldwin in 1929 all were intended for freight service between Montpelier, Ohio and Decatur, Illinois. All were scrapped between 1953-1955.

*       These two were rebuilt from former Havana, Rantoul & Eastern 4-4-0's, a narrow-gauge property leased to the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific in May of 1880.  They were rebuilt in 1888. 

**      Ex-Omaha & St. Louis Railroad

***     Some units were later renumbered 1868-1878, 1884, 1885-1887, 1889-1890, 1892, 1894, 1899-1901.

****    Ex-Wheeling & Lake Erie Railway.

*****  Rebuilt from 2-6-2's (G-1).

****** Ex-Western Pacific.

This roster includes only those locomotives which the Wabash officially classified after 1897; not every single unit ever-operated is included (such as early predecessor examples, narrow-gauge locomotives, and subsidiaries).

Thanks to Donald Heimburger's book, "Wabash," for help regarding much of the above steam and diesel roster information.



Norfolk Southern's Wabash heritage unit, SD70ACe #1070, at the North Carolina Transportation Museum in Spencer during July, 2012. Dan Robie photo.

The Wabash spent its final decade continuing to provide high quality freight service while angling to cut money-losing passenger trains wherever and whenever possible.  As the industry found itself in increasingly uncertain times, particularly in the east, the Wabash suddenly realized its future was in doubt.  

The 1950s proved a watershed as railroads struggled to sustain profitability due to increased competition, suffocating government regulation, and an inability to shed unprofitable branches and secondary lines.  

Talks of merger sprang up here and there although it was the Pennsylvania and New York Central which made national headlines by announcing just such an intention in 1957.  As part of this endeavor the PRR had to relinquish control of its Norfolk & Western interests, then working on a merger with the Nickel Plate Road.  

In addition, all parties agreed to have the Wabash included within the N&W-NKP union, made official on December 1, 1960.  As part of the deal the Wabash sold its interest in the Ann Arbor and officially joined the Norfolk & Western-Nickel Plate consortium at 12:01 AM on October 16, 1964.  

The Wabash was a fascinating railroad with a fascinating culture and even more interesting history.  It became widely recognized as a high-speed Midwestern artery with a highly diversified traffic base ranging from auto parts to produce, a trait for which it is remember today.

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SteamLocomotive.com

Wes Barris's SteamLocomotive.com is simply the best web resource in the study of steam locomotives. 

The amount of information found there is quite staggering; historical backgrounds of wheel arrangements, types used by virtually every railroad, preserved and operational examples, and even those used in other countries (North America and beyond). 

It is difficult to truly articulate just how much material can be found at this website.  It is a must visit!



Researching Rights-Of-Way

A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. 

Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country.  Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. 

If you are researching active or abandoned corridors you might want to check out the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Historical Topographic Map Explorer

It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country.  Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page!